6th (Poona) Division
World War I
The 6th (Poona) Division served in the Mesopotamian campaign. Led by Major General Barrett then Major General Townshend, the division were the first British Indian troops to land in Mesopotamia in November 1914 at the Fao Landing. After a string of early successes, the 6th Division was delivered a setback at the Battle of Ctesiphon in November 1915. Following this engagement, the division withdrew back to Kut, where Townshend made the decision to hold the city. After a lengthy siege by the Ottomans, Townshend surrendered on April 29, 1916. 10,061 troops and 3,248 followers were taken captive. Following the surrender, the garrisoned force conducted a forced march back to Anatolia. The suffering of the enlisted soldiers was particularly egregious, and over 4,000 died in captivity.
Order of Battle December 1914
- 16th (Poona) Brigade
- 2nd Bn. Dorsetshire Regiment
- 1st Bn. 20th Duke of Cambridge's Own Infantry (Brownlow's Punjabis)
- 1st Bn. 104th Wellesley's Rifles
- 1st Bn. 117th Mahrattas
- 17th (Ahmednagar) Brigade
- 18th (Belgaum) Brigade
- Divisional Artillery
- Divisional troops
This list is incomplete.
- 1908-1912: Major-General Edwin Alderson CB
- 1912-1915: Major-General Sir Arthur Barrett KCB KCVO
- 1915-1916: Major-General Charles Townshend CB DSO
- Gardner, Nikolas (July 2004). "Sepoys and the Siege of Kut-Al-Amara, December 1915-April 1916". War in History. 11 (3). doi:10.1191/0968344504wh302oa.
- Haythornthwaite, Philip J. (1996). The World War One Source Book. London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-351-7.
- Perry, F.W. (1993). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 5B. Indian Army Divisions. Newport: Ray Westlake Military Books. ISBN 1-871167-23-X.
- "6th (Poona) Division on The Regimental Warpath 1914 - 1918 by PB Chappell". Archived from the original on 17 May 2008. Retrieved 2015-06-13.