6th Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment
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|6th Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment
(6e Régiment de Parachutistes d'Infanterie de Marine)
|Active||6e BCCP 1948
6e GCCP 1950
6e BPC 1951
6e RPC 1955
10e DP 1957
6e RPIMa 1958 - 1998
|Type||Troupes de Marine|
|Motto(s)||Croire et Oser (To Believe and Dare)|
|Colors||Red and Blue|
|Chef de bataillon Marcel Bigeard|
The 6th Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment (French: 6e Régiment de Parachutistes d'Infanterie de Marine, 6e RPIMa) was an airborne unit of the French Army.
- 1 Creation and different nominations since 1951
- 2 History since 1948
- 3 Traditions
- 4 Regimental Commanders (1948-1998)
- 5 Notable members of the 6e RPIMa
- 6 See also
- 7 References
Creation and different nominations since 1951
- On May 16, 1948 : creation at Quimper of the 6th Colonial Parachute Commando Battalion, 6e BCCP.
- On October 1, 1950 : became the 6th Colonial Parachute Commando Groupment, 6e GCCP.
- On March 1, 1951 : became the 6th Colonial Parachute Battalion, 6e BPC.
- On August 20, 1951 : dissolution of the 6th Colonial Parachute Battalion, 6e BPC .
- On July 5, 1952 : the 6e BPC is reconstituted at Saint-Brieuc, famed as the battalion of Bigeard.
- On May 8, 1954 : dissolution of the 6e BPC
- on August 1, 1955 : effectifs of the dissolved battalion were reinforced by elements of IV/6e RTS, formed the 6th Colonial Parachute Regiment, 6e RPC.
- On July 10, 1957 : the 6e RPC inegrated the 10th Parachtue Division, 10e DP.
- On December 1, 1958 : the 6th Colonial Parachute Regiment became the 6th Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment, 6e RPIMa.
- On June 30, 1998 : dissolution of the regiment within the cadre of the restructuring of the French Army.
History since 1948
The Colonial Parachute Battalions pull their origins from the 1st Colonial Parachute Commando Demi-Brigade implanted in Britanny, being heir to the paratroopers of Free France, the SAS Demi-Brigade and the groupment of parachute choc battalions.
The 6e BCCP made way to Indochina on July 28. The battalion distinguished savore-faire on various battle front sectors and on March 30, 1951, the battalion resisted an entire night to a four time larger opposing force. Following a five hours corps-à-corps combat engagement series, the battalion endured the loss of 51 men and 97 wounded.
The battalion was accordingly dissolved on August 20, 1951 during the embarking for metropole.
Recreated on July 5, 1952, the battalion illustrated capability at Tu Lê, on October 1952 and then Langson, on July of 1953.
The 6th para engaged Dien Bien Phu twice. On November 20, 1953, the 6th, parachuted during Operation Castor and then on March 16, 1954, the 6th targetted the landing zone in the middle of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. Despite heroic acts of valor led, the 6e BPC disappeared again, and was accordingly reconstitued.
Reformed in Marrakech, French protectorate of Morocco, on 1 August 1955 and named 6th Colonial Parachute Regiment. Active in the French colonies of French protectorate of Tunisia, French protectorate of Morocco and, particularly, French Algeria during the Algerian War as a part of the 10th Parachute Division,.
The regiment partook in various peacekeeping missions in Lebanon on numerous yearly designated occasions within the UNIFIL first then integrated the corps of the Multinational Force in Lebanon during the Lebanese Civil War along with the 1st Parachute Chasseur Regiment, the 1st Parachute Hussard Regiment and the 31e Brigade which included the Operational Group of the Foreign Legion, the 1st Foreign Cavalry Regiment, the 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment and the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment.
The regiment was dissolved 30 June 1998.
Except for the Legionnaires of the 1er REG, 2ème REG, 2ème REP that conserve the Green Beret; the remainder of the French army metropolitan and marine paratroopers forming the 11th Parachute Brigade wear the Red Beret.
The Archangel Saint Michael, patron of the French paratroopers is celebrated on 29 September.
The prière du Para (Prayer of the Paratrooper) was written by André Zirnheld in 1938.
Just like the paratrooper Brevet of the French Army; the Insignia of French Paratroopers was created in 1946. The French Army Insignia of metropolitan Paratroopers represents a closed <<winged armed dextrochere>>, meaning a "right winged arm" armed with a sword pointing upwards. The Insignia makes reference to the Patron of Paratroopers. In fact, the Insignia represents <<the right Arm of Saint Michael>>, the Archangel which according to Liturgy is the <<Armed Arm of God>>. This Insignia is the symbol of righteous combat and fidelity to superior missions. The French Army Insignia of Marine Infantry Paratroopers is backgrounded by a Marine Anchor.
Insignia of the 6e B.C.C.P
Insignia of the 6e R.P.C
Beret insignia of the Marine Parachute Units
former Beret insignia of Marine Parachute Units
Left arm insignia of the Troupes de Marine
The insignia is mounted with SAS dagger. the insignia was never modified, aside of the various successive inscriptions "BCCP", then "RPC", and finally "RPIMa".
The regiment was heir to the 6e BCCP created in 1948 and the 6e RPC. The Regimental Color of the 6e RPIMa, heir of the 6th parachute battalion bears the inscription "INDOCHINE" with 5 citations at the orders of the armed forces for the following:
- 1950 Pho Trach and Chaple
- 1951 Mao Khé
- 1952 Tu Lé
- 1953 Langson
- 1954 Dien Bien Phu
In eleven years of campaign battles, the regimet endured the loss of 23 officers, 70 sous-officiers and 480 marsouins paratroopers.
- INDOCHINE 1949-1954
- AFN 1952-1962
The regimental colors of the 6th Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment is decorated with:
- Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures with:
- 5 palms.
The regiment bears wearing 2 Fourragere:
- Fourragère bearing the colors of the Médaille militaire.
- Fourragère bearing the colors of the Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures.
Regimental Commanders (1948-1998)
Notable members of the 6e RPIMa
- In Histoire des parachutistes français page 231
- Décision n°12350/SGA/DPMA/SHD/DAT du 14 septembre 2007 relative aux inscriptions de noms de batailles sur les drapeaux et étendards des corps de troupe de l'armée de terre, du service de santé des armées et du service des essences des armées, Bulletin officiel des armées, n° 27, 9 novembre 2007
- Arrêté relatif à l'attribution de l'inscription AFN 1952-1962 sur les drapeaux et étendards des formations des armées et services, du 19 novembre 2004 (A) NORDEF0452926A Michèle Alliot-Marie
Sources and bibliographies
- Collectif, Histoire des parachutistes français, Société de Production Littéraire, 1975.
- Colonel Roger Flamand, Paras de la France libre, Éditions Presses de la Cité, 1976, ISBN 978-2-258-00036-0.
- Henry Corta, Les bérets rouges, Amicale des anciens parachutistes SAS, 1952.