6th Air Intelligence Squadron

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6th Air Intelligence Squadron
Pacific Air Forces.png
Active 1943–1947, 1981-1993
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Intelligence
Part of Pacific Air Forces
Motto(s) Truly Ready (1982-1993)
Insignia
6th Tactical Intelligence Group emblem (appproved 30 June 1982) 6 Tactical Intelligence Gp emblem.png

The 6th Air Intelligence Squadron is an inactive unit of the United States Air Force. Its last assignment was with Seventh Air Force, stationed at Osan Air Base, Korea. It was inactivated in 1993. The unit was originally established at Army Air Base, Colorado Springs, Colorado (later Peterson Air Force Base) as the 6th Photographic Group on 5 February 1943, under the command of Lt Waymond Davis. Later that year, the unit was redesignated the 6th Reconnaissance Group and deployed to the southwest Pacific as a component of the Fifth Air Force.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

The squadron was first activated in February 1943 at Army Air Base, Colorado Springs, Colorado, with the 25th Flying Training Squadron, 26th Air and Spece Intelligence Squadron and 27th Photographic Squadrons assigned as its original components.[1][2][3][4] The group trained at Cpolorado Springs until September 1943, when it began moving to the Southwest Pacific Theater[1]

During World War II, the group operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater and used Lockheed F-5 Lightnings and Consolidated F-7 Liberators to photograph Japanese airfields, harbors, beach defenses, and personnel areas in New Guinea, the Bismarcks, Borneo, and the southern Philippines. It reconnoitered target areas and enemy troop positions to provide intelligence for air force and army units. T\In 1944, the group was awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation and the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for carrying out one of the most important and difficult assignments ever given to a photographic unit: to obtain 80,000 prints of Japanese defenses in the Philippines in eight days. The group's F-5s and F-7s risked enemy interception and braved severe tropical weather to complete their mission all without fighter escort. The action proved critical to the successful amphibious assault of the Philippines.

After moving to the Philippines in November 1944, flew missions to Formosa and China, engaged in mapping parts of Luzon and Mindanao], and provided intelligence for US ground forces concerning Japanese movements. The unit then moved to Okinawa until the war ended, and finally to mainland Japan, where it was inactivated on 27 April 1946. It was disbanded on 6 March 1947.[1]

Intelligence operations[edit]

On 1 October 1981, the unit was reconstituted and reactivated as the 6th Tactical Intelligence Group at Osan Air Base, Republic of Korea. It was tasked to provide substantive Intelligence support to U.S. and Combined Forces Combat. The 6th Group thus brought together intelligence collection, analysis, targeting, production, and dissemination assets assigned to the 314th Air Division of Fifth Air Force and the Korean Tactical Air Control System. In February 1992, the group became part of the 51st Fighter Wing. In 1992 The group became a squadron and was transferred to the 5th Air Control Group. Later that same year the 6th Air Intelligence Squadron fell under operational control of Seventh Air Force when it replaced the 314th Air Division as the United States Air Force headquarters for Korea.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as 6th Photographic Group on 5 February 1943
Activated on 9 February 1943
Redesignated: 6th Photographic Reconnaissance and Mapping Group c. 15 May 1943
Redesignated: 6th Photographic Reconnaissance Group on 11 August 1943
Redesignated: 6th Reconnaissance Group c. 4 May 1945
Inactivated on 27 April 1946
Disbanded on 6 March 1947[5]
Reconstituted 31 August 1981 and redesignated 6th Tactical Intelligence Group
  • Activated on 1 October 1981
Redesignated 6th Air Intelligence Squadron on 7 February 1992
Inactivated on 1 October 1993

Assignments[edit]

  • Second Air Force, 9 February–September 1943
  • V Bomber Command, 10 October 1943
  • 5212th Reconnaissance Wing (Provisional), 1 March 1944
  • 91st Reconnaissance Wing, 12 April 1944
  • Fifth Air Force, 10 November 1945 – 27 April 1946
  • 314th Air Division, 1 October 1991
  • Seventh Air Force, 1 September 1986
  • 5th Air Control Group, 7 February 1992 - 1 October 1993

Stations[edit]

Headquarters and Ground Echelon:

(Air Echelon deployed at stations throughout Southwest Pacific)

Units assigned[edit]

Aircraft: P-38 (F-4/F-5), 1943–1946; B-26 (F-6), 1943–1944
  • 20th Photographic Squadron (later 20th Combat Mapping Squadron, 20th Reconnaissance Squadron): attached 17 June 1943, assigned 5 December 1943 – 10 November 1945[7]
Aircraft: B-24 (F-7), 1943–1946
  • 25th Photographic Squadron (later 25th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 25th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron: 9 February 1943 – 27 April 1946 (attached to V Fighter Command after 10 February 1946)[2]
Aircraft: P-38 (F-5), 1943–1945; B-25, 1944
  • 26th Reconnaissance Squadron (later 26th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron): 9 February 1943—21 November 1945 (attached to 308th Bombardment Wing after 22 October 1945)[3]
Aircraft: P-38 (F-4), 1943 P-38 (F-5), 1944–1945
  • 27th Reconnaissance Squadron (later 26th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron): 9 February-9 October 1943[4]
Aircraft: P-38 (F-4), 1943
Aircraft: P-38 (F-4), 1944–1945

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 42-43
  2. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 132
  3. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 135-136
  4. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 139-140
  5. ^ Lineage through 1947 in Maurer, Combat Units, p. 144
  6. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 48-49
  7. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 107-108
  8. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 173

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.