6th arrondissement of Paris

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6th arrondissement of Paris
Les Deux Magots cafe on Boulevard Saint-Germain
Location within Paris
Location within Paris
Coordinates: 48°51′2″N 2°19′56″E / 48.85056°N 2.33222°E / 48.85056; 2.33222Coordinates: 48°51′2″N 2°19′56″E / 48.85056°N 2.33222°E / 48.85056; 2.33222
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jean-Pierre Lecoq (LR)
2.154 km2 (0.832 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
 • Density18,814/km2 (48,730/sq mi)
INSEE code75106

The 6th arrondissement of Paris (VIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as le sixième.

The arrondissement, called Luxembourg in a reference to the seat of the Senate and its garden, is situated on the Rive Gauche of the River Seine. It includes world-famous educational institutions such as the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, the École des hautes études en sciences sociales and the Institut de France, as well as a concentration of some of Paris's most famous monuments such as the Odéon-Théâtre de l'Europe, the Pont des Arts, which links the 1st and 6th arrondissements over the Seine, Saint-Germain Abbey and Saint-Sulpice Church.

This central arrondissement, which includes the historic districts of Saint-Germain-des-Prés (surrounding the abbey founded in the 6th century) and Luxembourg (surrounding the Palace and its Gardens), has played a major role throughout Paris history and is well known for its café culture and the revolutionary intellectualism (see: existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir) and literature (see: Paul Éluard, Boris Vian, Albert Camus, Françoise Sagan) it has hosted.

With its world-famous cityscape, deeply rooted intellectual tradition, prestigious history, beautiful architecture, and central location, the arrondissement has long been home to French intelligentsia. It is a major locale for art galleries and fashion stores[2] and one of the most fashionable districts of Paris as well as Paris' most expensive area. The arrondissement is one of France's richest district in terms of average income; it is part of Paris Ouest alongside the 7th, 8th, and 16th arrondissements, and Neuilly-sur-Seine, but has a much more bohemian and intellectual reputation than the others.


The current 6th arrondissement, dominated by the Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés—founded in the 6th century—was the heart of the Catholic Church's power in Paris for centuries, hosting many religious institutions.

In 1612, Queen Marie de Médicis bought an estate in the district and commissioned architect Salomon de Brosse to transform it into the outstanding Luxembourg Palace surrounded by extensive royal gardens. The new Palace turned the neighborhood into a fashionable district for French nobility.

Since the 1950s, the arrondissement, with its many higher education institutions, world-famous cafés (Café de Flore, Les Deux Magots, La Palette etc.) and publishing houses (Gallimard, Julliard, Grasset etc.) has been the home of much of the major post-war intellectual and literary movements and some of most influential in history such as surrealism, existentialism and modern feminism.


Map of the 6th arrondissement
Metro map of the 6th arrondissement
Quarters of the 6th arrondissement

The land area of the arrondissement is 2.154 km2 (0.832 sq. mile, or 532 acres).


Places of interest[edit]


Colleges and universities[edit]

Former places[edit]

Main streets and squares[edit]


The arrondissement attained its peak population in 1911 when the population density reached nearly 50,000 inhabitants per km2. In 2009, the population was 43,143 inhabitants while the arrondissement provided 43,691 jobs.


Toei Animation Europe has its head office in the arrondissement. The company, which opened in 2004, serves France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom.[3]

Real estate[edit]

The 6th and 7th arrondissements are the most expensive districts of Paris, the most expensive parts of the 6th arrondissement being Saint-Germain-des-Prés quarter, the riverside districts and the areas nearby the Luxembourg Garden.

Historical population[edit]

(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km²)
1872 90,288 41,994
1911 (peak of population) 102,993 47,815
1954 88,200 41,023
1962 80,262 37,262
1968 70,891 32,911
1975 56,331 26,152
1982 48,905 22,704
1990 47,891 22,234
1999 44,919 20,854
2009 43,143 20,067


Place of birth of residents of the 6th arrondissement in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
79.6% 20.4%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
0.6% 5.0% 6.1% 8.7%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.


  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Rue de Sèvres. Hermès store. Paris". Paris Digest. 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  3. ^ "AFFILIATED COMPANIES Archived 2015-10-19 at the Wayback Machine". Toei Animation. Retrieved on November 17, 2011. "37 rue du Four 75006 Paris France".

External links[edit]