7-orthoplex

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Regular 7-orthoplex
(heptacross)
7-orthoplex.svg
Orthogonal projection
inside Petrie polygon
Type Regular 7-polytope
Family orthoplex
Schläfli symbol {35,4}
{3,3,3,3,31,1}
Coxeter-Dynkin diagrams CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png
CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.png
6-faces 128 {35}6-simplex t0.svg
5-faces 448 {34}5-simplex t0.svg
4-faces 672 {33}4-simplex t0.svg
Cells 560 {3,3}3-simplex t0.svg
Faces 280 {3}2-simplex t0.svg
Edges 84
Vertices 14
Vertex figure 6-orthoplex
Petrie polygon tetradecagon
Coxeter groups C7, [3,3,3,3,3,4]
D7, [34,1,1]
Dual 7-cube
Properties convex

In geometry, a 7-orthoplex, or 7-cross polytope, is a regular 7-polytope with 14 vertices, 84 edges, 280 triangle faces, 560 tetrahedron cells, 672 5-cells 4-faces, 448 5-faces, and 128 6-faces.

It has two constructed forms, the first being regular with Schläfli symbol {35,4}, and the second with alternately labeled (checkerboarded) facets, with Schläfli symbol {3,3,3,3,31,1} or Coxeter symbol 411.

It is a part of an infinite family of polytopes, called cross-polytopes or orthoplexes. The dual polytope is the 7-hypercube, or hepteract.

Alternate names[edit]

  • Heptacross, derived from combining the family name cross polytope with hept for seven (dimensions) in Greek.
  • Hecatonicosoctaexon as a 128-facetted 7-polytope (polyexon).

As a configuration[edit]

The elements of the regular polytopes can be expressed in a configuration matrix. Rows and columns reference vertices, edges, faces, and cells, with diagonal element their counts (f-vectors). The nondiagonal elements represent the number of row elements are incident to the column element. The configurations for dual polytopes can be seen by rotating the matrix elements by 180 degrees.[1][2]

Images[edit]

orthographic projections
Coxeter plane B7 / A6 B6 / D7 B5 / D6 / A4
Graph 7-cube t6.svg 7-cube t6 B6.svg 7-cube t6 B5.svg
Dihedral symmetry [14] [12] [10]
Coxeter plane B4 / D5 B3 / D4 / A2 B2 / D3
Graph 7-cube t6 B4.svg 7-cube t6 B3.svg 4-cube t3 B2.svg
Dihedral symmetry [8] [6] [4]
Coxeter plane A5 A3
Graph 7-cube t6 A5.svg 4-cube t3 B2.svg
Dihedral symmetry [6] [4]

Construction[edit]

There are two Coxeter groups associated with the 7-orthoplex, one regular, dual of the hepteract with the C7 or [4,3,3,3,3,3] symmetry group, and a half symmetry with two copies of 6-simplex facets, alternating, with the D7 or [34,1,1] symmetry group. A lowest symmetry construction is based on a dual of a 7-orthotope, called a 7-fusil.

Name Coxeter diagram Schläfli symbol Symmetry Order Vertex figure
regular 7-orthoplex CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png {3,3,3,3,3,4} [3,3,3,3,3,4] 645120 CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png
Quasiregular 7-orthoplex CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.png {3,3,3,3,31,1} [3,3,3,3,31,1] 322560 CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.png
7-fusil CDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.png 7{} [26] 128 CDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.png

Cartesian coordinates[edit]

Cartesian coordinates for the vertices of a 7-orthoplex, centered at the origin are

(±1,0,0,0,0,0,0), (0,±1,0,0,0,0,0), (0,0,±1,0,0,0,0), (0,0,0,±1,0,0,0), (0,0,0,0,±1,0,0), (0,0,0,0,0,±1,0), (0,0,0,0,0,0,±1)

Every vertex pair is connected by an edge, except opposites.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, sec 1.8 Configurations
  2. ^ Coxeter, Complex Regular Polytopes, p.117
  • H.S.M. Coxeter:
    • H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, 3rd Edition, Dover New York, 1973
    • Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [1]
      • (Paper 22) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi Regular Polytopes I, [Math. Zeit. 46 (1940) 380-407, MR 2,10]
      • (Paper 23) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes II, [Math. Zeit. 188 (1985) 559-591]
      • (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3-45]
  • Norman Johnson Uniform Polytopes, Manuscript (1991)
    • N.W. Johnson: The Theory of Uniform Polytopes and Honeycombs, Ph.D. (1966)
  • Klitzing, Richard. "7D uniform polytopes (polyexa) x3o3o3o3o3o4o - zee". 

External links[edit]

Fundamental convex regular and uniform polytopes in dimensions 2–10
Family An Bn I2(p) / Dn E6 / E7 / E8 / F4 / G2 Hn
Regular polygon Triangle Square p-gon Hexagon Pentagon
Uniform polyhedron Tetrahedron OctahedronCube Demicube DodecahedronIcosahedron
Uniform 4-polytope 5-cell 16-cellTesseract Demitesseract 24-cell 120-cell600-cell
Uniform 5-polytope 5-simplex 5-orthoplex5-cube 5-demicube
Uniform 6-polytope 6-simplex 6-orthoplex6-cube 6-demicube 122221
Uniform 7-polytope 7-simplex 7-orthoplex7-cube 7-demicube 132231321
Uniform 8-polytope 8-simplex 8-orthoplex8-cube 8-demicube 142241421
Uniform 9-polytope 9-simplex 9-orthoplex9-cube 9-demicube
Uniform 10-polytope 10-simplex 10-orthoplex10-cube 10-demicube
Uniform n-polytope n-simplex n-orthoplexn-cube n-demicube 1k22k1k21 n-pentagonal polytope
Topics: Polytope familiesRegular polytopeList of regular polytopes and compounds