7.5 cm KwK 37

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PzKpfw IV with 7.5cm KWK 37 L/24

The 7.5 cm KwK 37 L/24 (7.5 cm Kampfwagenkanone 37 L/24) was a short-barreled, howitzer-like German 75 mm tank gun used during World War II, primarily as the chief weapon of the early Panzer IV tanks and early StuG III assault guns.

It was designed as a close-support artillery gun firing a high-explosive shell (hence the relatively short barrel), but was also effective against the early war tanks. Starting from March 1942,[1] new variants of the Panzer IV and StuG III had their main armament upgraded to the new longer-barreled 7.5 cm KwK 40. When older Panzer IVs were upgunned, their former KwK 37 guns were reused to arm later Panzer III tanks and other infantry support vehicles.

Ammunition[edit]

  • K.Gr.rot.Pz. - Armour Piercing Capped
  • Kt. Kw. K. - Canister
  • Nbgr. Kw. K. - Smoke
  • Gr.38 Hl/A - High Explosive Anti-Tank
  • Gr.38 Hl/B - High Explosive Anti-Tank
  • Gr.38 Hl/C - High Explosive Anti-Tank
  • 7.5 cm Sprgr.34 - High Explosive

PzGr. 39/43 Armor-piercing[edit]

  • Projectile weight: 6.80 kg (15.0 lb)
  • Muzzle velocity: 385 m/s (1,260 ft/s)
Penetration figures given for an armoured plate 30 degrees from vertical[2]
Range Penetration Hit probability
(%)
100 41 100
500 39 100
1000 35 97
1500 33 82
2000 30 n/a

Penetration comparison[edit]

Penetration figures (90 degrees) uses American and British 50% success criteria,
and allowing direct comparison to foreign gun performance.[3]
Ammunition type Muzzle velocity
(m/s)
Penetration (mm)
100 m 250 m 500 m 750 m 1000 m 1250 m 1500 m 2000 m 2500 m 3000 m
Pzgr. 39/1 (APCBC) 385 m/s (1,260 ft/s) 54 53 50 48 46 44 42 38 35 32
Pzgr. 39/2 (APCBC) 385 m/s (1,260 ft/s) 60 58 55 52 50 47 44 38 33 27
Sprgr.34
(HE)
450 m/s (1,500 ft/s) 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52
Gr.38 Hl/A (HEAT) 450 m/s (1,500 ft/s) 81 81 81 81 81 81 81 81 81 81
Gr.38 Hl/B (HEAT) 450 m/s (1,500 ft/s) 87 87 87 87 87 87 87 87 87 87
Gr.38 Hl/C (HEAT) 450 m/s (1,500 ft/s) 115 115 115 115 115 115 115 115 115 115


Vehicles mounted on[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Finkel "On Flexibility", p. 143.
  2. ^ http://www.panzerworld.com/7-5-cm-kw-k-l-24
  3. ^ Bird, Lorrin Rexford; Livingston, Robert D. (2001). WWII Ballistics: Armor and Gunnery. Overmatch Press. p. 61. 

External links[edit]