700s BC (decade)
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|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
Events and trends
- 708 BC—Traditional date of the foundation of Croton (modern Crotone) by colonists from Achaea.
- 706 BC—Traditional date when Spartan immigrants found Taras (Tarentum, the modern Taranto) colony in southern Italy.
- 706 BC—Sargon II dies.
- 705 BC—Sennacherib succeeds his father Sargon II as king of Assyria.
- 704 BC—Sennacherib moves the capital of Assyria to Nineveh.
- 701 BC November 10—Deliverance from Assyrian attack; King Hezekiah of Judah, backed by Nubian Empire, revolts against king Sennacherib of Assyria. Sennacherib sacks many Israelite cities, but fails in his attempt to take Jerusalem.
- 700 BC—The Scythians start settling in Cimmerian areas, slowly replacing the previous inhabitants.
- 700 BC—End of the Villanovan culture in northern Italy and rise of the Etruscan civilization.
- 700 BC—The Upanishads, a sacred text of Hinduism, are written around this time.
- c. 700 BC—Geometric period of vases ends in Ancient Greece. Orientalizing period of vases starts. It starts in Corinth.
- c. 700 BC—Hesiod writes "Theogony".
- c. 700 BC–509 BC—Etruscan supremacy period in Italy.
- After c. 700 BC – Cities again begin to appear on the Indian subcontinent, especially in the north.
- 701 BC—Death of Duke Zhuang of Zheng, China.
- E.J. Bickerman, Chronology of the Ancient World (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1968), p. 197