709th Airlift Squadron
|709th Airlift Squadron
A crew from the 709th prepares for a training flight on the first C-5M at Dover Air Force Base
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Force Reserve Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Dover Air Force Base, Delaware|
|Engagements||European Theater of World War II|
|Decorations||Air Force Outstanding Unit Award|
|709th Airlift Squadron emblem (approved 29 September 1980)|
|709th Bombardment Squadron emblem (approved 6 September 1943)|
|ETO Fuselage Code and Squadron Color||IE
|447th Bombardment Group tail marking||Square K|
The squadron was first activated during World War II as the 709th Bombardment Squadron. After training in the United States, it deployed to the European Theater, where it engaged in strategic bombardment missions against Germany. It returned to the United States, where it was inactivated in the fall of 1945.
The squadron was briefly activated in the reserves from 1947 to 1949. In 1973, the squadron was redesignated the 709th Military Airlift Squadron and activated at Dover as a reserve associate unit of the 436th Military Airlift Wing. Its reservists operated the 436th's C-5s alongside members of the regular Air Force.
- 1 Mission
- 2 History
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
World War II
Training in the United States
The original mission of the squadron was to be an operational training unit. However, by the time the 447th group reached full strength in October it had been identified for overseas deployment and its key personnel were assigned to the Army Air Forces School of Applied Tactics at Orlando Army Air Base, Florida for advanced tactical training. The cadre trained at Brooksville Army Air Field with the 1st Bombardment Squadron, engaging in simulated attacks against Mobile, Charleston and New Orleans. The squadron then trained at Rapid City Army Air Base, South Dakota with the 17th Bombardment Training Wing. In June 1943 the group moved to Harvard Army Air Field, Nebraska for Phase I training. The unit sailed on the RMS Queen Elizabeth on 23 November 1943 and arrived at the Firth of Clyde on 29 November 1943. The squadron's B-17s began to move from the United States to the European theater of operations in November 1943.
Combat in the European Theater
The squadron was stationed at RAF Rattlesden, England, from December 1943 to August 1945. It flew its first combat mission on 24 December 1943 against a V-1 missile site near Saint-Omer in Northern France.
From December 1943 to May 1944, the squadron helped prepare for the invasion of the European continent by attacking submarine pens, naval installations, and cities in Germany; missile sites and ports in France; and airfields and marshaling yards in France, Belgium and Germany. The squadron conducted heavy bombardment missions against German aircraft industry during Big Week, 20 to 25 February 1944.
The squadron aided in the breakthrough at St. Lo, France, and the effort to take Brest, France, from July to September 1944. It bombed strategic targets from October to December 1944, concentrating on sources of oil production. It assaulted marshalling yards, railroad bridges and communication centers during the Battle of the Bulge from December 1944 to January 1945. In March 1945 the group bombed an airfield in support of airborne assault across the Rhine. The unit flew its last combat mission on 21 April 1945 against a marshalling yard at Ingolstadt, Germany.
The 709th redeployed to the United States during the summer 1945. The air echelon ferried their aircraft and personnel back to the United States, leaving on 29 and 30 June 1945. The squadron ground echelon, along with the 711th squadron sailed 3 August 1945 on the SS Benjamin R. Milam, from Liverpool. Most personnel were discharged at Camp Myles Standish after arrival at the port of Boston. A small cadre proceeded to Drew Field, Florida and the squadron inactivated on 7 November 1945.
Pre-Korean War reserve operations
Two years later, on 25 July 1947, the 709th was redesignated the 709th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy. It was activated in the Air Force Reserve on 10 November 1947, at Bergstrom Field Texas, and equipped with Boeing B-29 Superfortresses. The squadron was inactivated in June 1949 when its parent group moved to Castle Air Force Base, California and became a corollary unit of the 93d Bombardment Group.
Reserve associate operations
The squadron was redesignated the 709th Military Airlift Squadron and activated as a Military Airlift Command reserve associate C-5 Galaxy squadron in 1973 and was associated with the 436th Military Airlift Wing. The associate program meshes active-duty and reserve units using the active-duty host aircraft and equipment for training.
In December 1989 through January 1990, the 709th participated in Operation Just Cause, which removed Manuel Noriega from power in Panama. Later that year, the squadron was called to active duty to support Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. In 2004 and 2005 reserve crews from Dover supported humanitarian relief operations following the tsunami in Indonesia and Hurricane Katrina.
- Constituted as the 709th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 6 April 1943
- Activated on 1 May 1943
- Redesignated 709th Bombardment Squadron, Heavy on 20 August 1943
- Inactivated on 7 November 1945
- Redesignated 709th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy on 24 October 1947
- Activated in the reserve on 10 November 1947
- Inactivated on 27 June 1949
- Redesignated 709 Military Airlift Squadron (Associate) on 19 June 1973
- Activated in the Reserve on 1 October 1973
- Redesignated 709th Airlift Squadron (Associate) on 1 February 1992
- Redesignated 709th Airlift Squadron on 1 October 1994
- 447th Bombardment Group, 1 May 1943 – 7 November 1945
- 447th Bombardment Group]], 10 November 1947 – 27 June 1949
- 512th Military Airlift Wing (later 512 Airlift Wing), 1 October 1973
- 512th Operations Group, 1 August 1992 – present
- Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, 1943–1945
- Boeing B-29 Superfortress, 1947–1949.
- Lockheed C-5 Galaxy, 1973–present
Awards and campaigns
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||13 October 1973 – 14 November 1973||709th Military Airlift Squadron|
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 January 1974 – 30 April 1975||709th Military Airlift Squadron|
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 May 1975 – 31 May 1976||709th Military Airlift Squadron|
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 June 1976 – 31 May 1978||709th Military Airlift Squadron|
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 June 1978 – 31 May 1979||709th Military Airlift Squadron|
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 January 1988 – 30 June 1989||709th Military Airlift Squadron|
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 July 1993 – 30 June 1995||709th Airlift Squadron|
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 September 1996 – 31 August 1998||709th Airlift Squadron|
|American Theater||1 May 1943 – 11 November 1943||709th Bombardment Squadron|
|Air Offensive, Europe||29 November 1943 – 5 June 1944||709th Bombardment Squadron|
|Normandy||6 June 1944 – 24 July 1944||709th Bombardment Squadron|
|Northern France||25 July 1944 – 14 September 1944||709th Bombardment Squadron|
|Rhineland||15 September 1944 – 21 March 1945||709th Bombardment Squadron|
|Ardennes-Alsace||16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945||709th Bombardment Squadron|
|Central Europe||22 March 1944 – 21 May 1945||709th Bombardment Squadron|
|Just Cause||20 December 1989 – 31 January 1990||709th Military Airlift Squadron, Panama|
- Haulman, Daniel L. (8 January 2008). "Factsheet 709 Airlift Squadron (AFRC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency.
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 711
- Watkins, pp. 92–93
- Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 321–322
- Surridge & Dooley, p. 18
- Surridge & Dooley, pp. 19–21
- Freeman, p. 257
- "Abstract, History 447 Bombardment Group May 1943 – April 1944". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "447th Air Expeditionary Group". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "Abstract, History 447 Bombardment Group Mar–Jun 1944". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "Abstract, History 447 Bombardment Group Apr 1945". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- Surridge & Dooley, pp. 214–215
- "512th Airlift Wing". 512th Airlift Wing Public Affairs. August 2012. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- Freeman, Roger A. (1970). The Mighty Eighth: Units, Men and Machines (A History of the US 8th Army Air Force). London, England: Macdonald and Company. ISBN 978-0-87938-638-2.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- Surridge; Dooley, Edward C., eds. (1946). Pictorial History of the 447th Bombardment Group (H). World War II Regimental Histories No. 107. Tampa, FL. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- Watkins, Robert (2008). Battle Colors: Insignia and Markings of the Eighth Air Force In World War II. Vol I (VIII) Bomber Command. Atglen, PA: Shiffer Publishing. ISBN 0-7643-1987-6.
- Cantwell, Gerald T. (1997). Citizen Airmen: a History of the Air Force Reserve, 1946–1994. Washington, D.C.: Air Force History and Museums Program. ISBN 0-16049-269-6.
- "709th Airlift Squadron". The Institute of Heraldry. Retrieved 20 January 2014. (Heraldic description and symbolism of unit emblem)
- Aceveda, MSG Veronica (6 April 2012). "709th Airlift Squadron flies final C-5B mission". 512 Airlift Wing Public Affairs. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- "709th Airlift Squadron (709th AS)". GlobalSecurity.com. Retrieved 20 January 2014.