70th United States Congress

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70th United States Congress
69th ← → 71st
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1927 – March 4, 1929

Senate President: Charles G. Dawes (R)
Senate Pres. pro tem: George H. Moses (R)
House Speaker: Nicholas Longworth (R)
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: December 5, 1927 – May 29, 1928
2nd: December 3, 1928 – March 3, 1929

The Seventieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1927 to March 4, 1929, during the last two years of Calvin Coolidge's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate composition, by party
Senate President
Senate President pro Tempore

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer–Labor
(FL)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 42 1 53 96 0
Begin 47 1 48 96 0
End 45 50
Final voting share 46.9% 1.0% 52.1%
Beginning of the next congress 39 1 55 95 1

House of Representatives[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer–Labor
(FL)
Republican
(R)
Socialist
(S)
Other
End of the previous congress 183 3 247 1 1 435 0
Begin 204 5 224 1 0 434 1
End 203 219 428 7
Final voting share 47.4% 1.2% 51.2% 0.2% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 164 1 270 0 0 435 0

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

House Speaker

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state.

Senate[edit]

Senators are listed in order of seniority at the beginning of this Congress.

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1928; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1932.

House of Representatives[edit]

Members of the House of Representatives are listed by district.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

State Senator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Pennsylvania
(3)
Vacant the election of William S. Vare was refused to be certified by the governor, and the Senate could not agree to his being seated. Vacant Seat remained vacant until the next Congress
Illinois
(3)
Vacant Frank L. Smith was not permitted to qualify, and resigned February 9, 1928.
Winner was elected to finish the term.
Otis F. Glenn (R) December 3, 1928
New Mexico
(1)
Andrieus A. Jones (D) Died December 20, 1927
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
Bronson M. Cutting (R) December 29, 1927
Michigan
(1)
Woodbridge N. Ferris (D) Died March 23, 1928
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
Successor was then elected November 6, 1928 to finish the term.
Arthur H. Vandenberg (R) March 31, 1928
Ohio
(3)
Frank B. Willis (R) Died March 30, 1928.
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
Cyrus Locher (D) April 4, 1928
Idaho
(3)
Frank R. Gooding (R) Died June 24, 1928.
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
Successor was then elected November 6, 1928 to finish the term.
John W. Thomas (R) June 30, 1928
New Mexico
(1)
Bronson M. Cutting (R) Appointee resigned December 6, 1928 when successor was elected to finish the term. Octaviano A. Larrazolo (R) December 7, 1928
Delaware
(2)
T. Coleman du Pont (R) Resigned December 9, 1928.
Successor was elected to finish the term.
Daniel O. Hastings (R) December 10, 1928
Ohio
(3)
Cyrus Locher (D) Appointee resigned December 14, 1928 when successor was elected to finish the term. Theodore E. Burton (R) December 15, 1928

House of Representatives[edit]

  • Replacements: 15
    • Democratic: 1 seat net gain
    • Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • Deaths: 16
  • Resignations: 7
  • Total seats with changes: 23
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor
Ohio 2nd Vacant Rep. Ambrose E. B. Stephens died during previous congress Charles Tatgenhorst, Jr. (R) November 8, 1927
Louisiana 7th Ladislas Lazaro (D) Died March 30, 1927 René L. De Rouen (D) August 23, 1927
New York 35th Walter W. Magee (R) Died May 25, 1927 Clarence E. Hancock (R) November 8, 1927
Colorado 1st William N. Vaile (R) Died July 2, 1927 S. Harrison White (D) November 15, 1927
Oregon 3rd Maurice E. Crumpacker (R) Died July 24, 1927 Franklin F. Korell (R) October 18, 1927
Pennsylvania 1st James M. Hazlett (R) Resigned October 20, 1927 James M. Beck (R) November 8, 1927
Iowa 9th William R. Green (R) Resigned March 31, 1928 after being appointed to the United States Court of Claims Earl W. Vincent (R) June 4, 1928
Massachusetts 12th James A. Gallivan (D) Died April 3, 1928 John W. McCormack (D) November 6, 1928
Illinois 1st Martin B. Madden (R) Died April 27, 1928 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 32nd Thaddeus C. Sweet (R) Died May 1, 1928 Francis D. Culkin (R) November 6, 1928
Pennsylvania 8th Thomas S. Butler (R) Died May 26, 1928 James Wolfenden (R) November 6, 1928
Oregon 2nd Nicholas J. Sinnott (R) Resigned May 31, 1928 after being appointed to the United States Court of Claims Robert R. Butler (R) November 6, 1928
Illinois At-large Henry R. Rathbone (R) Died July 15, 1928 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Philippines At-large Isauro Gabaldon Resigned July 16, 1928 after being nominated for election to the Philippine House of Representatives Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Alabama 5th William B. Bowling (D) Resigned August 16, 1928 after being appointed judge of the 5th Judicial Circuit of Alabama LaFayette L. Patterson (D) November 6, 1928
Massachusetts 14th Louis A. Frothingham (R) Died August 23, 1928 Richard B. Wigglesworth (R) November 6, 1928
Missouri 16th Thomas L. Rubey (D) Died November 2, 1928 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Arkansas 2nd William Allan Oldfield (D) Died November 19, 1928 Pearl Peden Oldfield (D) January 9, 1929
Ohio 22nd Theodore E. Burton (R) Resigned December 15, 1928 after winning special election to the US Senate Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 41st Clarence MacGregor (R) Resigned December 28, 1928 after being appointed to the New York Supreme Court Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Missouri 4th Charles L. Faust (R) Died December 17, 1928 David W. Hopkins (R) February 5, 1929
Illinois 15th Edward J. King (R) Died February 17, 1929 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 21st Royal H. Weller (D) Died March 1, 1929 Seat remained vacant until next Congress

Officers[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Frank L. Smith (R-IL) was elected to the Senate for the term starting March 4, 1927, but the Senate refused to qualify him due to charges of corruption concerning his election. He resigned February 9, 1928. See http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000534
  2. ^ William S. Vare (R-PA) was elected to the Senate for the term starting March 4, 1927, but the Senate refused to qualify him due to charges of corruption and fraud concerning his election. In the next Congress, the Senate unseated him. See http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=V000071
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]