71st United States Congress

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71st United States Congress
70th ←
→ 72nd
USCapitol1906.jpg
March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1931
Senate President Charles Curtis (R)
Senate Pres. pro tem George H. Moses (R)
House Speaker Nicholas Longworth (R)
Members 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority Republican
House Majority Republican
Sessions
Special: March 4, 1929 – March 5, 1929
1st: April 15, 1929 – November 22, 1929
2nd: December 2, 1929 – July 3, 1930
Special: July 7, 1930 – July 21, 1930
3rd: December 1, 1930 – March 3, 1931

The Seventy-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1929 to March 4, 1931, during the first two years of Herbert Hoover's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority. This congress saw the most special elections of any congress with 27 in all.

Contents

Major events[edit]

  • March 4, 1929: Herbert C. Hoover became President of the United States
  • October 24, 1929 – October 29, 1929: Wall Street Crash of 1929: Three multi-digit percentage drops wipe out more than $30 billion from the New York Stock Exchange (10 times greater than the annual budget of the federal government).
  • October 25, 1929: Former U.S. Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall is convicted of bribery for his role in the Teapot Dome scandal, becoming the first Presidential cabinet member to go to prison for actions in office.

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Map showing Senate party membership at the start of the 71st Congress.

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate[edit]

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer-Labor
(FL)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 45 1 50 96 0
Begin 39 1 55 95 1
End 41 54 96 0
Final voting share 42.7% 1.0% 56.3%
Beginning of the next congress 59 1 36 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer–Labor
(FL)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 203 5 219 427 7
Begin 164 1 270 435 0
End 165 269
Final voting share 37.9% 0.2% 61.8%
Beginning of the next congress 215 1 218 434 1

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

President of the Senate
Charles Curtis
President pro tempore of the Senate
George H. Moses

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1934; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1932.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their districts.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 9
  • Deaths: 5
  • Resignations: 3
  • Interim appointments: 6
  • Total seats with changes: 9
State Senator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Kansas
(3)
Vacant Charles Curtis (R) had resigned at end of previous congress to become Vice President of the United States.
Successor appointed April 1, 1929 to continue the term.
Henry J. Allen (R) April 1, 1929
Pennsylvania
(3)
Vacant Sen.-elect William S. Vare (R) was apparently elected but vote was never certified by the Governor due to election irregularities. The Senate refused to qualify him and he was formally unseated December 9, 1929.
Successor appointed December 11, 1929.
Successor later lost nomination to finish the term, see below.
Joseph R. Grundy (R) December 11, 1929
Tennessee
(2)
Lawrence Tyson (D) Died August 24, 1929.
Successor appointed September 2, 1929 to continue the term.
Successor was also later elected November 4, 1930 to finish the term.[2]
William E. Brock (D) September 2, 1929
Ohio
(3)
Theodore E. Burton (R) Died October 28, 1929.
Successor appointed November 5, 1929 to continue the term.
Successor later lost election to finish the term, see below.
Roscoe C. McCulloch (R) November 5, 1929
New Jersey
(2)
Walter E. Edge (R) Resigned November 21, 1929 to become U.S. Ambassador to France.
Successor appointed November 30, 1929 to continue the term.
Successor later did not run to finish the term, see below.
David Baird, Jr. (R) November 30, 1929
Wyoming
(2)
Francis E. Warren (R) Died November 24, 1929.
Successor appointed December 5, 1929.
Successor later did not run to finish the term, see below.
Patrick J. Sullivan (R) December 5, 1929
Kentucky
(2)
Frederic M. Sackett (R) Resigned January 9, 1930 to become U.S. Ambassador to Germany.
Successor appointed January 11, 1930 to continue the term.
Successor later lost election to finish the term, see below.
John M. Robsion (R) January 11, 1930
Wyoming
(2)
Patrick Joseph Sullivan (R) Interim appointee did not run to finish the term.
Successor elected November 4, 1930.
Robert D. Carey (R) December 1, 1930
Kansas
(3)
Henry J. Allen (R) Interim appointee lost election to finish the term.
Successor elected November 4, 1930.
George McGill (D) December 1, 1930
Kentucky
(2)
John M. Robsion (R) Interim appointee lost election to finish the term.
Successor elected November 4, 1930.
Ben M. Williamson (D) December 1, 1930
Ohio
(3)
Roscoe C. McCulloch (R) Interim appointee lost election to finish the term.
Successor elected November 4, 1930.
Robert J. Bulkley (D) December 1, 1930
Pennsylvania
(3)
Joseph R. Grundy (R) Interim appointee lost nomination to finish the term.
Successor elected November 4, 1930.
James J. Davis (R) December 2, 1930
New Jersey
(2)
David Baird, Jr. (R) Interim appointee did not run to finish the term.
Successor elected November 4, 1930.
Dwight Morrow (R) December 3, 1930
North Carolina
(3)
Lee S. Overman (D) Died December 12, 1930.
Successor appointed December 13, 1930 to continue the term.
Successor later lost election to finish the term, see (72nd United States Congress).
Cameron A. Morrison (D) December 13, 1930
Vermont
(1)
Frank L. Greene (R) Died December 17, 1930.
Successor appointed December 23, 1930 to continue the term.
Successor later lost nomination to finish the term, see (72nd United States Congress).
Frank C. Partridge (R) December 23, 1930

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 27
  • deaths: 25
  • resignations: 6
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 32
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor
New York 21st Vacant Rep. Royal H. Weller died during previous congress Joseph A. Gavagan (D) November 5, 1929
Illinois 15th Vacant Rep. Edward J. King died in previous congress Burnett M. Chiperfield (R) November 4, 1930
Kentucky 3rd Charles W. Roark (R) Died April 5, 1929 John W. Moore (D) June 1, 1929
Louisiana 3rd Whitmell P. Martin (D) Died April 6, 1929 Numa F. Montet (D) August 6, 1929
Pennsylvania 12th John J. Casey (D) Died May 5, 1929 Charles M. Turpin (R) June 1, 1929
Minnesota 5th Walter Newton (R) Resigned June 30, 1929 after being appointed secretary to President Herbert Hoover William I. Nolan (R) July 17, 1929
Georgia 5th Leslie J. Steele (D) Died July 24, 1929 Robert Ramspeck (D) October 2, 1929
Minnesota 7th Ole J. Kvale (FL) Died September 11, 1929 Paul J. Kvale (FL) October 16, 1929
New York 18th John F. Carew (D) Resigned October 28, 1929 after being appointed a justice to the New York Supreme Court Martin J. Kennedy (D) April 11, 1930
Illinois 24th Thomas S. Williams (R) Resigned November 11, 1929 after being appointed to the United States Court of Claims Claude V. Parsons (D) November 4, 1930
Pennsylvania 10th William W. Griest (R) Died December 5, 1929 J. Roland Kinzer (R) January 28, 1930
Massachusetts 2nd Will Kirk Kaynor (R) Died December 20, 1929 William J. Granfield (D) February 17, 1930
Utah 2nd Elmer O. Leatherwood (R) Died December 24, 1929 Frederick C. Loofbourow (R) November 4, 1930
Kentucky 11th John M. Robsion (R) Resigned January 10, 1930 after being appointed to the US Senate Charles Finley (R) February 15, 1930
Texas 14th Augustus McCloskey (D) Lost contested election February 10, 1930 Harry M. Wurzbach (R) February 10, 1930
West Virginia 4th James A. Hughes (R) Died March 2, 1930 Robert L. Hogg (R) November 4, 1930
Connecticut 5th James P. Glynn (R) Died March 6, 1930 Edward W. Goss (R) November 4, 1930
Texas 17th Robert Q. Lee (D) Died April 18, 1930 Thomas L. Blanton (D) May 20, 1930
Rhode Island 3rd Jeremiah E. O'Connell (D) Resigned May 9, 1930 after being appointed a justice to the Rhode Island Superior Court Francis Condon (D) November 4, 1930
Wisconsin 6th Florian Lampert (R) Died July 18, 1930 Michael Reilly (D) November 4, 1930
Pennsylvania 32nd Edgar R. Kiess (R) Died July 20, 1930 Robert F. Rich (R) November 4, 1930
Pennsylvania 16th Stephen G. Porter (R) Died June 27, 1930 Edmund F. Erk (R) November 4, 1930
North Carolina 5th Charles M. Stedman (D) Died September 23, 1930 Franklin W. Hancock, Jr. (D) November 4, 1930
North Carolina 7th William C. Hammer (D) Died September 26, 1930 Hinton James (D) November 4, 1930
Kentucky 2nd David H. Kincheloe (D) Resigned October 5, 1930 after being appointed to the United States Customs Court John L. Dorsey, Jr. (D) November 4, 1930
California 3rd Charles F. Curry (R) Died October 10, 1930 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Arkansas 4th Otis Wingo (D) Died October 21, 1930 Effiegene Locke Wingo (D) November 4, 1930
New York 7th John Quayle (D) Died November 27, 1930 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 9th David J. O'Connell (D) Died December 29, 1930 Stephen A. Rudd (D) February 17, 1931
Wisconsin 1st Henry A. Cooper (R) Died March 1, 1931 Seat remained vacant until next Congress

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Joint committees[edit]

Officers[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ William S. Vare (R-PA) had been elected to the Senate for the term starting March 4, 1927, but the Senate had refused to qualify him due to charges of corruption and fraud concerning his election. The Senate finally unseated him on December 9, 1929. See http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=V000071
  2. ^ Byrd, p. 171.

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]