725th Strategic Missile Squadron

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725th Strategic Missile Squadron
725th Bombardment Squadron - B-24 Liberator.jpg
Ford B-24H-30-FO Liberator 42-95379 This aircraft is pictured just moments before it burst into flames and went out of control, all 10 crew members were KIA. It was attacked by Fw-190s over Turnitz, Austria on 23 August 1944. One can see the fire that had just started on the left wing behind the No. 1 engine
Active 1943–1965
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Bombardment/Missile Launch

The 725th Strategic Missile Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 451st Strategic Missile Wing, stationed at Lowry Air Force Base, Colorado.

It was inactivated on 25 June 1965.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Activated as a B-24 Liberator heavy bombardment squadron in May 1943, it was assigned to II Bomber Command for training primarily in the US midwest. It received deployment orders for the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in November 1943.

The squadron was deployed to southern Italy in January 1944 and entered combat in January 1944, being assigned to the Fifteenth Air Force. It carried out air echelon training in Algeria for several weeks before joining the remainder of the group in Italy. It was engaged in very long range strategic bombing missions on enemy military, industrial and transportation targets in Italy, France, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Romania and Yugoslavia. It attacked targets such as oil refineries, marshalling yards, aircraft factories, bridges and airfields in Italy, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania and Greece.

The squadron also flew support and interdictory missions and helped to prepare the way for and participated in the invasion of southern France in August 1944. It transported supplies to troops in Italy during September 1944 and supported the final advance of the Allied armies in northern Italy in April 1945.

The squadron returned to the US in June 1945, forming at Dow Field, Maine. Unit personnel were demobilized throughout the summer of 1945. The squadron was inactivated on 26 September 1945.

Strategic Air Command[edit]

Reactivated in 1961 as a Titan I ICBM launch squadron, the unit was activated by the redesignation of the 849th Strategic Missile Squadron. The squadron was deployed in a 3x3 configuration, which meant a total of nine missiles were divided into three bases. Each base had three ICBMs ready to launch at any given time.

On 19 November 1964, Defense Secretary Robert McNamara announced the phase-out of the remaining first-generation SM-65 Atlas and Titan I missiles by the end of June 1965. As a consequence, the Titan Is of the 724th SMS were removed from alert status on 17 February 1965. The last missile was shipped out on 15 April. The US Air Force subsequently inactivated the squadron on 25 June.

Missile sites were later sold off to private ownership after demilitarization. Today the remains of the sites are still visible in aerial imagery, in various states of use or abandonment.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as the 725th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 6 April 1943
Activated on 1 May 1943
Inactivated on 26 September 1945
  • Redesignated the 725th Strategic Missile Squadron, and activated, on 26 April 1961
Organized on 1 July 1961, assuming personnel and equipment of the 849th Strategic Missile Squadron
Inactivated on 25 June 1965

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft and missiles[edit]

HGM-25A Titan I missile sites
  • B-24 Liberator 1943–1945
  • HGM-25A Titan I ICBM 1961–1965
Operated three missile sites: (1 August 1960 – 25 June 1965)
725-A, 14 miles SE of Watkins, Colorado 39°35′15″N 104°27′42″W / 39.58750°N 104.46167°W / 39.58750; -104.46167 (725-A)
725-B, 4 miles NNE of Deer Trail, Colorado39°40′06″N 104°01′41″W / 39.66833°N 104.02806°W / 39.66833; -104.02806 (725-B)
725-C, 5 miles SSE of Elisabeth, Colorado 39°18′54″N 104°33′43″W / 39.31500°N 104.56194°W / 39.31500; -104.56194 (725-C)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links[edit]