729th Airlift Squadron
|729th Airlift Squadron
Squadron C-141B Starlifter over the Grand Canyon in 1998
|Active||1943-1945; 1947-1952; 1952-present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Force Reserve Command|
|Garrison/HQ||March Air Reserve Base|
|Engagements||European Theater of Operations
|Decorations||Distinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation
Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm
|729th Airlift Squadron emblem (approved 29 April 1980)|
|729th Bombardment Squadron emblem (approved 1 October 1943)|
|Transport||C-17 Globemaster III|
It operates C-17 Globemaster III aircraft providing global airlift any time, any place.
Established in mid-1943 as a B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombardment squadron; assigned to II Bomber Command for training, primarily in the Pacific Northwest. Deployed to the European Theater of Operations (ETO) in January 1944, being assigned to Eighth Air Force in England. Engaged in strategic bombardment operations over Occupied Europe and Nazi Germany, becoming one of the most highly decorated squadron of the Air Offensive. Engaged in strategic bombardment operations until the German Capitulation in May 1945. Returned to the United States and prepared for B-29 transition training, however Japanese Capitulation in August led to unit's inactivation in November.
Reactivated in the reserves in 1947 as a B-29 Superfortress bomber squadron, assigned to Long Beach AAF, California. Never equipped with Superfortresses, redesignated as a light bomb squadron and received B-26 Invaders in 1949. Moved to George AFB in 1950 when Long Beach was closed. Was deployed to Japan in August 1950 for combat duty during the Korean War, engaged in night bombardment missions over both North and South Korea. Inactivated in May 1952 with assets being reassigned to active-duty units.
- Constituted as the 729th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 14 May 1943
- Activated on 1 June 1943
- Redesignated 729th Bombardment Squadron, Heavy on 20 August 1943
- Inactivated on 28 August 1945
- Redesignated 729th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy on 13 May 1947
- Activated in the reserve on 12 July 1947
- Redesignated 729th Bombardment Squadron, Light on 27 June 1949
- Ordered to active service on 10 August 1950
- Redesignated 729th Bombardment Squadron, Light, Night Intruder on 25 June 1951
- Relieved from active service and inactivated, on 10 May 1952
- Redesignated 729th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron on 6 June 1952
- Activated in the reserve on 13 June 1952
- Redesignated: 729th Bombardment Squadron, Tactical on 22 May 1955
- Redesignated: 729th Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 1 July 1957
- Redesignated: 729th Tactical Airlift Squadron on 1 July 1967
- Redesignated: 729th Military Airlift Squadron (Associate) on 25 April 1969
- Redesignated: 729th Airlift Squadron (Associate) on 1 February 1992
- Redesignated: 729th Airlift Squadron on 1 Apr 1993
- 452d Bombardment Group, 1 June 1943 - 28 August 1945
- 452d Bombardment Group, 12 July 1947 - 10 May 1952
- 452d Tactical Reconnaissance Group (later 452d Bombardment Group, 452d Troop Carrier Group), 13 June 1952
- 452d Troop Carrier Wing, 14 April 1959
- 943d Troop Carrier Group (later 943 Tactical Airlift Group), 17 Januqry 1963
- 944th Military Airlift Group, 25 April 1969
- 445th Military Airlift Wing, 1 July 1973
- 445th Operations Group, 1 August 1992
- 452d Operations Group, 1 May 1994 – present
- Robertson, Patsy (November 26, 2012). "Factsheet 729 Airlift Squadron (AFRC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 724-725
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.