72nd Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine)

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72nd Mechanized Brigade
(2016–present)

72nd Guards Mechanized Brigade
(2002–2016)


72nd Guards Mechanized Division
(1992–2002)


72nd Guards Motor Rifle Division
(1957–1992)


72nd Guards Rifle Division
(1943–1957)


29th Rifle Division
(1941–1943)
72 ОМБр(2016).png
72nd Mechanized Brigade Sleeve Patch
Active December 5, 1941[1] - Present
Country Ukraine
Branch Ukrainian Army
Type Brigade
Role Mechanized
Size ~3,000
Part of 8th Army Corps
Garrison/HQ Bila Tserkva, Kiev Oblast
Equipment T-64[2]
Engagements World War II
2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine[3] Battle of Avdiivka
Decorations Order of the Red Banner Order of the Red Banner (removed)
Battle honours Krasnohrad
Kiev
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Andriy Sokolov

The 72nd Kiev Mechanized Brigade is a formation of the Ukrainian Ground Forces. It was previously named the 29th Rifle Division (2nd formation) and then the 72nd Guards Rifle Division of the Soviet Ground Forces. in 1957, it became a motor rifle division.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

The 29th Rifle Division (2nd formation) was redesignated the 72nd Guard Rifle Division by Directorate of the General Staff order №104 on 1 March 1943. The units of the division were renumbered.[4]

29th Rifle Division 72nd Guard Rifle Division
106th Rifle Regiment 222nd Guards Rifle Regiment
128th Rifle Regiment 224th Guards Rifle Regiment
77th Artillery Regiment 155th Guards Artillery Regiment

On March 3, 1943, 72nd Guard Rifle Division was involved in battles for liberation of Belgorod. Soon they were near Kharkiv and Krasnohrad. On 19 September, the division was awarded the title Krasnohrad. On 8 January 1944, the division was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.[4]

The division fought in the Budapest Offensive from late October 1944. On 15 December, units of the division reinforced Cavalry Mechanized Group Pliev during the attack on Szécsény.[5] On 9 January, the division was attached to the 24th Guards Rifle Corps. The division captured the area around Bart. The division's attack was stopped by the 1st Battalion of Grenadier Regiment 317 a kilometer north of the village.[6]

Cold War[edit]

In May 1946,[7] the division became the 7th Guards Rifle Brigade, part of the 33rd Guards Rifle Corps. In October 1953, it became a division again.[8] The 72nd Guards Rifle Division became a motor rifle division stationed in the Kiev Military District at Bila Tserkva on 4 June 1957. It was part of the 1st Army. On 19 February 1962, the 280th Separate Equipment Maintenance and Recovery Battalion was activated. A missile battalions was also activated on the same day. In 1968, the 220th Separate Guards Sapper Battalion became an Engineer Sapper Battalion. In 1972, the 191st Separate Chemical Defence Company became the 23rd Separate Chemical Defence Battalion. The 1345th Separate Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion was activated on 15 November 1972. The motor transport battalion became the 892nd Separate Material Supply Battalion in 1980. In 1990, the division was equipped with 133 T-64 main battle tanks. During the Cold War, the division was maintained at 25% strength, with one full strength regiment.[9]

Ukraine[edit]

After the fall of the Soviet Union it was transferred to Ukraine. In 1992, Colonel Volodymyr Lytvyntsevu - Commander 72nd Guards Motor Rifle Division of the Kiev Military District was given the rank of Major General.[10]

On August 23, 1995, Colonel Nikolai Nikolaevich Tsytsyurskomu, Commander 72nd Mechanized Infantry Division of the 1st Army Corps of the Odessa Military District, was given the rank of Major-General.[11] In accordance with a decree of August 23, 1998, division commander Colonel Grigoriy Pedchenko was promoted to major-general.[12] On June 29, 1999 the 72nd Guards Mechanized Division of the North Operational Command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was given the honorary title of "Kiev".[13]

It was reduced in size to a mechanized brigade in 2002.

In May 2014 72nd Guards Mechanized Brigade was involved in the Mariupol standoff during the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine.[3] During this conflict Ukrainian singers Zlata Ognevich and Anastasia Prikhodko raised money for the Brigade.[14] The brigade defended Sector D near Chernopartyzhansk, Sverdlovsk and Diakove alongside the 51st Mechanized Brigade from July 2014. Separatist and Russian attacks resulted in the brigade being surrounded and cut off from supply by early August. The brigade's 1st Battalion and elements of the 51st Brigade, along with a group of border guards (about 400 total), destroyed their weapons and crossed into Russia. They were interned and returned to Ukrainian territory. Major Mykhailo Drapatyi's 2nd Battalion of the brigade near Chernopartyzhansk broke out of the encirclement, covered by the 30th Mechanized and 95th Airmobile Brigades from the south. Two soldiers from the 2nd Battalion were killed in the breakout.[15] The convoy in which 195 soldiers of the brigade returned to Ukrainian territory after crossing into Russia on 4 August 2014 was fired on by separatists.[16]

On 18 November 2015 the brigade's honorific "Red Banner" was removed as part of an Armed Forces-wide removal of Soviet awards and honorifics.[17] On 22 August 2016, its Guards title was removed.[18]

Awards[edit]

  • March 1, 1943 received the honorable designation "Guards"
  • January 1944 received Order of the Red Banner award for clearing the city of Kirovohrad
  • September 20, 1943 received the honorable name "Krasnohradska"

Famous people of the Division[edit]

Divisional Order of Battle[edit]

1988-1991[edit]

Late Soviet Period Structure[19][20][9]

  • 222nd Guards Motor Rifle Regiment - Bila Tserkva
  • 224th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment - Bila Tserkva
  • 229th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment - Bila Tserkva
  • 292nd Guards Tank Regiment - Honcharivske
  • 155th Guards Artillery Regiment - Smila
  • 1129th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment - Bila Tserkva
  • 1345th Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion - Bila Tserkva
  • 117th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion - Bila Tserkva
  • 538th Separate Communications Battalion - Bila Tserkva
  • 23rd Separatw Chemical Defence Battalion - Bila Tserkva
  • 220th Separate Engineer Battalion - Bila Tserkva
  • 280th Separate Maintenance Battalion
  • 892nd Combat Service Support Battalion

1992 - 2002[edit]

  • 72-а механізована дивізія.png Command and Staff of the 72nd Mechanized Infantry Division
  • 224-й механізований полк.png 224th Separate Mechanized Infantry Regiment
  • 229-й механізований полк.png 229th Separate Mechanized Infantry Regiment
  • Танковий батальйон 72 МД.png Separate Tank Battalion
  • 155-й артилерійський полк.png 155th Separate Self-Repelled Artillery Regiment
  • 1129-й зенітний ракетний полк (1996).png 1129th Separate Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment
  • 1345-й артилерійський дивізіон.png 1345th Separate Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion
  • 220-й інженерно-саперний батальйон.png 220th Separate Engineer Battalion
  • 538-й батальйон зв'язку.png 538th Separate Signal Battalion
  • 117-й розвідувальний батальйон.png 117th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion
  • 23-й батальйон РХБ захисту.png 23rd Separate Chemical Battalion
  • 892-й батальйон тилового забезпечення.png 892nd Separate Logistics Battalion
  • 280-й ремонтно-відновлювальний батальйон.png 280th Separate Repair and Recovery Battalion
  • 149-й окремий медичний батальйон.png 149th Separate Medical Battalion

Brigade Order of Battle 2002-present[edit]

  • 1st Mechanized Battalion[21]
  • 2nd Mechanized Battalion
  • 3rd Mechanized Battalion
  • Armored Battalion[2]

Commanders[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Президент України перебуває у 72-й окремій Гвардійській механізованій бригаді" [President of Ukraine visits 72nd Separate Guards Mechanized Brigade] (in Ukrainian). Press Service of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. 6 December 2005. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Під час польового виходу підрозділів 72-ї окремої механізованої бригади 8-го армійського корпусу Сухопутних військ ЗС України проводитиметься тренування екіпажів танків Т-64 та відпрацьовуватимуться питання із застосування радіозв'язку" [72nd Separate Mechanized Brigade begins radio and T-64 tank training] (in Ukrainian). Press Center of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. 9 February 2009. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  3. ^ a b (Ukrainian) ATO organization criticizes the Donbas, Ukrayinska Pravda (12 May 2014)
  4. ^ a b c d e "72-я Краснознаменная Красноградская гвардейская стрелковая дивизия" [72nd Guards Red Banner Krasnograd Rifle Division]. rkka.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  5. ^ Számvéber 2013, p. 22.
  6. ^ Számvéber 2013, p. 158.
  7. ^ a b "Pyotr Berestov". Герои страны ("Heroes of the Country") (in Russian). 
  8. ^ Feskov et al 2013, p. 148
  9. ^ a b Holm, Michael. "72nd Guards Motorised Rifle Division". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-28. 
  10. ^ Edict of the President of Ukraine No. 90/92
  11. ^ Edict of the President of Ukraine No. 792/95
  12. ^ Edict of the President of Ukraine No. 925/98
  13. ^ Edict of the President of Ukraine No. 768/99
  14. ^ (Ukrainian) Zlata Ognevich first talked about becoming a MP, TSN (17 September 2014)
  15. ^ Butusov, Yurii (11 August 2015). "EVENTS OF AUG. 6-7, 2014. 72ND MECHANIZED BRIGADE COMMANDER MYKHAILO DRAPATYI HEADED BREAKTHROUGH OF UKRAINIAN TROOPS FROM ENCIRCLEMENT NEAR CHERVONOPARTYZANSK". Censor.net. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "Terrorists Fired at the Convoy of 72nd Brigade Returning from Russia. No Casualties.". Censor.net. 5 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №646/2015" [Ukaz President of Ukraine No. 646/2015] (in Ukrainian). President of Ukraine. 21 November 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №344/2016" [Ukaz of the President of Ukraine No. 344/2016] (in Ukrainian). President of Ukraine. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  19. ^ "Киевский военный округ" [Kiev Military District]. rk72.jino-net.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2008-01-08. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  20. ^ Lenskii, A.G.; Tsybin, M.M. (2001). Советские сухопутные войска в последний год существования СССР [The Soviet Army in the Last Year of the USSR] (in Russian). St. Petersburg: B&K. p. 157. 
  21. ^ "Міністр оборони Юрій Єхануров призначив командиром українського миротворчого контингенту у Косовому нової - 10-ї - ротації заступника командира 72-ї окремої механізованої бригади Сухопутних військ ЗС України підполковника Олександра Загороднього" [Defense Minister Yuriy Yekhanurov appointed 72nd Separate Mechanized Brigade deputy commander Colonel Oleksandr Zagorodny commander of Ukrainian peacekeepers in Kosovo 10th rotation] (in Ukrainian). Press Center of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. 26 February 2008. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  22. ^ a b Mokrenchuk, Elena (23 April 2016). "Командир 72-й бригады: "Армия готова стрелять, но есть и другие эффективные способы ведения войны"" [Commander of the 72nd Brigade: "The army is ready to shoot, but there are other effective methods of warfare"]. Donbass (in Russian). Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  23. ^ "Заступник Міністра оборони України з питань європейської інтеграції Ігор Долгов зустрівся з керівництвом Волноваського району" [Deputy Minister of Defense of Ukraine on European Integration Ihor Dolgov met with the leadership of Volnovakha Raion]. Press Center of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. 31 July 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-08-06. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 

References[edit]

  • Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской [The Armed Forces of the USSR after World War II: From the Red Army to the Soviet: Part 1 Land Forces] (in Russian). Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306. 
  • Számvéber, Nortbert (2013). Days of Battle: Armoured Operations North of the River Danube, Hungary 1944-45. Solihull: Helion. ISBN 9781907677649. 

External links[edit]