72nd Guards Mechanized Brigade

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29th Rifle Division (1941-43)
72nd Guards Rifle Division (1943-57)
72nd Guards Motor Rifle Division (1957-1992)
72nd Guards Mechanized Division (1992-2001)
72nd Guards Mechanized Brigade (2002-present)
72-а окрема механізована бригада.png
72nd Mechanized Brigade Sleeve Patch
Active December 5, 1941[1] - Present
Country Ukraine
Branch Ukrainian Army
Type Brigade
Role Mechanized
Size ~3,000
Part of 8th Army Corps
Garrison/HQ Bila Tserkva, Kiev Oblast
Equipment T-64[2]
Engagements World War II
Soviet war in Afghanistan
2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine[3]
Decorations Order of the Red Banner
Commanders
Current
commander
Lieutenant General Sergiy Ostrovskiy[4]

The 72nd Mechanized Brigade is a formation of the Ukrainian Ground Forces. It was previously named the 29th Rifle Division (2nd formation) and then the 72nd Guards Rifle Division of the Soviet Ground Forces. in 1957, it became a motor rifle division.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

On February 2, 1943 the Battle of Stalingrad was finally over. Due to the heroism of the soldiers the 29th Rifle Division (2nd formation) was redesignated the 72nd Guard Rifle Division by Directorate of the General Staff order №104 on March 1, 1943.

29th Rifle Division 72nd Guard Rifle Division
106 Rifle Regiment 222 Guards Rifle Regiment
128 Rifle Regiment 224 Guards Rifle Regiment
77 Artillery Regiment 155 Guards Artillery Regiment

On March 3, 1943, 72nd Guard Rifle Division was involved in battles for liberation of Belgorod. Soon they were near Kharkiv and Krasnohrad.

Cold War[edit]

The 72nd Guards Rifle Division became a motor rifle division stationed in the Kiev Military District at Bila Tserkva on 4 June 1957. It was part of the 1st Army. On 19 February 1962 , the 280th Separate Equipment Maintenance and Recovery Battalion was activated. A missile battalions was also activated on the same day. In 1968, the 220th Separate Guards Sapper Battalion became an Engineer Sapper Battalion. In 1972, the 191st Separate Chemical Defence Company became the 23rd Separate Chemical Defence Battalion. The 1345th Separate Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion was activated on 15 November 1972. The motor transport battalion became the 892nd Separate Material Supply Battalion in 1980. In 1990, the division was equipped with 133 T-64 main battle tanks. During the Cold War, the division was maintained at 25% strength, with one full strength regiment.[5]

Ukraine[edit]

After the fall of the Soviet Union it was transferred to Ukraine. In 1992, Colonel Volodymyr Lytvyntsevu - Commander 72nd Guards Motor Rifle Division of the Kiev Military District was given the rank of Major General. (Edict of the President of Ukraine No.90/92, 20 лютого 1992)

On August 23, 1995, Colonel Nikolai Nikolaevich Tsytsyurskomu, Commander 72nd Mechanized Infantry Division of the 1st Army Corps of the Odessa Military District, was given the rank of Major-General. (Edict of the President of Ukraine No.792/95) On June 29, 1999 the 72nd Guards Mechanized Division of the North Operational Command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was given the honorary title of "Kiev".[6]

In accordance with a decree of August 23, 1998, division commander Colonel Grigoriy Pedchenko was promoted to major-general.[7] It was reduced in size to a mechanized brigade in 2002.

In May 2014 72nd Guards Mechanized Brigade was involved in the Mariupol standoff during the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine.[3] During this conflict Ukrainian singers Zlata Ognevich and Anastasia Prikhodko raised money for the Brigade.[8]

Awards[edit]

  • March 1, 1943 received the honorable designation "Guards"
  • January 1944 received Order of the Red Banner award for clearing the city of Kirovohrad
  • September 20, 1943 received the honorable name "Krasnohradska"

Famous people of the Division[edit]

Divisional Order of Battle[edit]

1988-1991[edit]

Late Soviet Period Structure[9][10][5]

  • 222nd Guards Motor Rifle Regiment - Bila Tserkva
  • 224th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment - Bila Tserkva
  • 229th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment - Bila Tserkva
  • 292nd Guards Tank Regiment - Honcharivske
  • 155th Guards Artillery Regiment - Smila
  • 1129th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment - Bila Tserkva
  • 1345th Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion - Bila Tserkva
  • 117th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion - Bila Tserkva
  • 538th Separate Communications Battalion - Bila Tserkva
  • 23rd Separatw Chemical Defence Battalion - Bila Tserkva
  • 220th Separate Engineer Battalion - Bila Tserkva
  • 280th Separate Maintenance Battalion
  • 892nd Combat Service Support Battalion

1992 - 2002[edit]

  • 72-а механізована дивізія.png Command and Staff of the 72nd Mechanized Infantry Division
  • 224-й механізований полк.png 224th Separate Mechanized Infantry Regiment
  • 229-й механізований полк.png 229th Separate Mechanized Infantry Regiment
  • Танковий батальйон 72 МД.png Separate Tank Battalion
  • 155-й артилерійський полк.png 155th Separate Self-Repelled Artillery Regiment
  • 1129-й зенітний ракетний полк (1996).png 1129th Separate Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment
  • 1345-й артилерійський дивізіон.png 1345th Separate Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion
  • 220-й інженерно-саперний батальйон.png 220th Separate Engineer Battalion
  • 538-й батальйон зв'язку.png 538th Separate Signal Battalion
  • 117-й розвідувальний батальйон.png 117th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion
  • 23-й батальйон РХБ захисту.png 23rd Separate Chemical Battalion
  • 892-й батальйон тилового забезпечення.png 892nd Separate Logistics Battalion
  • 280-й ремонтно-відновлювальний батальйон.png 280th Separate Repair and Recovery Battalion
  • 149-й окремий медичний батальйон.png 149th Separate Medical Battalion

Brigade Order of Battle 2002-present[edit]

  • 1st Mechanized Battalion[11]
  • 2nd Mechanized Battalion
  • 3rd Mechanized Battalion
  • Armored Battalion[2]

Past commanders[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]