72nd Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine)
This article needs to be updated.(July 2014)
|72nd Mechanized Brigade
72nd Guards Mechanized Brigade
72nd Guards Mechanized Division
72nd Guards Motor Rifle Division
72nd Guards Rifle Division
29th Rifle Division
72nd Mechanized Brigade Sleeve Patch
|Active||December 5, 1941 – Present|
|Part of||Operational Command North|
|Garrison/HQ||Bila Tserkva, Kiev Oblast|
|Engagements||World War II
2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine
War in Donbass
|Decorations||Order of the Red Banner (removed)|
|Colonel Andriy Sokolov|
The 72nd Mechanized Brigade is a formation of the Ukrainian Ground Forces. It was previously named the 29th Rifle Division (2nd formation) and then the 72nd Guards Rifle Division of the Soviet Ground Forces. in 1957, it became a motor rifle division.
World War II
The 29th Rifle Division (2nd formation) was redesignated the 72nd Guards Rifle Division by Directorate of the General Staff order №104 on 1 March 1943. The units of the division were renumbered as follows:
|29th Rifle Division||72nd Guards Rifle Division|
|106th Rifle Regiment||222nd Guards Rifle Regiment|
|128th Rifle Regiment||224th Guards Rifle Regiment|
|77th Artillery Regiment||155th Guards Artillery Regiment|
On March 3, 1943, 72nd Guards Rifle Division was involved in battles for liberation of Belgorod. Soon they were near Kharkiv and Krasnohrad. On 19 September, the division was awarded the title Krasnohrad. On 8 January 1944, the division was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.
The division fought in the Budapest Offensive from late October 1944. On 15 December, units of the division reinforced Cavalry Mechanized Group Pliev during the attack on Szécsény. On 9 January, the division was attached to the 24th Guards Rifle Corps. The division captured the area around Bart. The division's attack was stopped by the 1st Battalion of Grenadier Regiment 317 a kilometer north of the village.
In May 1946, the division became the 7th Guards Rifle Brigade, part of the 33rd Guards Rifle Corps. In October 1953, it became a division again. The 72nd Guards Rifle Division became a motor rifle division stationed in the Kiev Military District at Bila Tserkva on 4 June 1957. It was part of the 1st Army. On 19 February 1962, the 280th Separate Equipment Maintenance and Recovery Battalion was activated. A missile battalions was also activated on the same day. In 1968, the 220th Separate Guards Sapper Battalion became an Engineer Sapper Battalion. In 1972, the 191st Separate Chemical Defence Company became the 23rd Separate Chemical Defence Battalion. The 1345th Separate Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion was activated on 15 November 1972. The motor transport battalion became the 892nd Separate Material Supply Battalion in 1980. In 1990, the division was equipped with 133 T-64 main battle tanks. During the Cold War, the division was maintained at 25% strength, with one full strength regiment.
After the fall of the Soviet Union it was transferred to Ukraine. In 1992, Colonel Volodymyr Lytvyntsevu – Commander 72nd Guards Motor Rifle Division of the Kiev Military District was given the rank of Major General.
On August 23, 1995, Colonel Nikolai Nikolaevich Tsytsyurskomu, Commander 72nd Mechanized Infantry Division of the 1st Army Corps of the Odessa Military District, was given the rank of Major-General. In accordance with a decree of August 23, 1998, division commander Colonel Grigoriy Pedchenko was promoted to major-general. On June 29, 1999, the 72nd Guards Mechanized Division of the Operational Command North of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was given the honorary title of "Kiev".
It was reduced in size to a mechanized brigade in 2002.
In May 2014 72nd Guards Mechanized Brigade was involved in the Mariupol standoff during the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine. During this conflict Ukrainian singers Zlata Ognevich and Anastasia Prikhodko raised money for the Brigade. The brigade defended Sector D near Chernopartyzhansk, Sverdlovsk and Diakove alongside the 51st Mechanized Brigade from July 2014. Separatist and Russian attacks resulted in the brigade being surrounded and cut off from supply by early August. The brigade's 1st Battalion and elements of the 51st Brigade, along with a group of border guards (about 400 total), destroyed their weapons and crossed into Russia. They were interned and returned to Ukrainian territory. Major Mykhailo Drapatyi's 2nd Battalion of the brigade near Chernopartyzhansk broke out of the encirclement, covered by the 30th Mechanized and 95th Airmobile Brigades from the south. Two soldiers from the 2nd Battalion were killed in the breakout. The convoy in which 195 soldiers of the brigade returned to Ukrainian territory after crossing into Russia on 4 August 2014 was fired on by separatists.
On 18 November 2015 the brigade's honorific "Red Banner" was removed as part of an Armed Forces-wide removal of Soviet awards and honorifics. On 22 August 2016, its Guards title was removed. Its honorifics "Krasnohrad–Kiev" were removed and replaced with the honorific "named for Chornykh Zaporozhtsiv" in honor of the Ukrainian People's Army Black Zaporizhian Cavalry Regiment on 23 August 2017.
After being active in the War in Donbass since March 2014 the brigade returned home to Bila Tserkva early November 2017. It will receive reinforcements and replenish its reserves, after which it will once again be deployed to the frontline.
- March 1, 1943, received the honorable designation "Guards"
- January 1944 received Order of the Red Banner award for clearing the city of Kirovohrad
- September 20, 1943, received the honorable name "Krasnohradska"
- August 23, 2017, received the honorary title "Chornykh Zaporozhtsiv"
Famous people of the Division
- Lieutenant Volodymyr Mykheiev – First person in the division to receive Hero of Soviet Union award
- Oles' Honchar, Oleksandr – Ukrainian writer
Divisional Order of Battle
- 222nd Guards Motor Rifle Regiment – Bila Tserkva
- 224th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment – Bila Tserkva
- 229th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment – Bila Tserkva
- 292nd Guards Tank Regiment – Honcharivske
- 155th Guards Artillery Regiment – Smila
- 1129th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment – Bila Tserkva
- 1345th Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion – Bila Tserkva
- 117th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion – Bila Tserkva
- 538th Separate Communications Battalion – Bila Tserkva
- 23rd Separatw Chemical Defence Battalion – Bila Tserkva
- 220th Separate Engineer Battalion – Bila Tserkva
- 280th Separate Maintenance Battalion
- 892nd Combat Service Support Battalion
1992 – 2002
- Command and Staff of the 72nd Mechanized Infantry Division
- 224th Separate Mechanized Infantry Regiment
- 229th Separate Mechanized Infantry Regiment
- Separate Tank Battalion
- 155th Separate Self-Repelled Artillery Regiment
- 1129th Separate Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment
- 1345th Separate Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion
- 220th Separate Engineer Battalion
- 538th Separate Signal Battalion
- 117th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion
- 23rd Separate Chemical Battalion
- 892nd Separate Logistics Battalion
- 280th Separate Repair and Recovery Battalion
- 149th Separate Medical Battalion
As of 2017 the brigade's structure is as follows:
- 72nd Mechanized Brigade, Bila Tserkva
- Headquarters & Headquarters Company
- 1st Mechanized Battalion
- 2nd Mechanized Battalion
- 3rd Mechanized Battalion
- Tank Battalion
- 12th Motorized Infantry Battalion "Kyiv"
- Brigade Artillery Group
- Anti-Aircraft Missile Artillery Battalion
- Engineer Battalion
- Maintenance Battalion
- Logistic Battalion
- Reconnaissance Company
- Sniper Company
- Electronic Warfare Company
- Signal Company
- Radar Company
- CBRN-defense Company
- Medical Company
- Major General Anatoly Losev (1 March 1943 – 24 March 1945)
- Lieutenant Colonel Grigory Balatov (25 March–25 April 1945)
- Colonel Alexander Pankov (26 April–11 May 1945)
- Major General Pyotr Berestov (July 1945 – January 1947)
- Major General Sergiy Bezlishchenko
- Colonel Andriy Hryshchenko (–June 2015)
- Colonel Andriy Sokolov (June 2015–present)
- "Президент України перебуває у 72-й окремій Гвардійській механізованій бригаді" [President of Ukraine visits 72nd Separate Guards Mechanized Brigade] (in Ukrainian). Press Service of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. 6 December 2005. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- "Під час польового виходу підрозділів 72-ї окремої механізованої бригади 8-го армійського корпусу Сухопутних військ ЗС України проводитиметься тренування екіпажів танків Т-64 та відпрацьовуватимуться питання із застосування радіозв'язку" [72nd Separate Mechanized Brigade begins radio and T-64 tank training] (in Ukrainian). Press Center of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. 9 February 2009. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- (in Ukrainian) ATO organization criticizes the Donbas, Ukrayinska Pravda (12 May 2014)
- "72-я Краснознаменная Красноградская гвардейская стрелковая дивизия" [72nd Guards Red Banner Krasnograd Rifle Division]. rkka.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- Számvéber 2013, p. 22.
- Számvéber 2013, p. 158.
- "Pyotr Berestov". Герои страны ("Heroes of the Country") (in Russian).
- Feskov et al 2013, p. 148
- Holm, Michael. "72nd Guards Motorised Rifle Division". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-28.
- Edict of the President of Ukraine No. 90/92
- Edict of the President of Ukraine No. 792/95
- Edict of the President of Ukraine No. 925/98
- Edict of the President of Ukraine No. 768/99
- (in Ukrainian) Zlata Ognevich first talked about becoming a MP, TSN (17 September 2014)
- Butusov, Yurii (11 August 2015). "EVENTS OF AUG. 6–7, 2014. 72ND MECHANIZED BRIGADE COMMANDER MYKHAILO DRAPATYI HEADED BREAKTHROUGH OF UKRAINIAN TROOPS FROM ENCIRCLEMENT NEAR CHERVONOPARTYZANSK". Censor.net. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- "Terrorists Fired at the Convoy of 72nd Brigade Returning from Russia. No Casualties". Censor.net. 5 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №646/2015" [Ukaz President of Ukraine No. 646/2015] (in Ukrainian). President of Ukraine. 21 November 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
- "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №344/2016" [Ukaz of the President of Ukraine No. 344/2016] (in Ukrainian). President of Ukraine. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- "Білоцерківська 72-а бригада отримала назву Чорних Запорожців" [Bila Tserkva's 72nd Brigade named for Black Zaporizhians]. mykyivregion (in Ukrainian). 24 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- Ukrainian 72nd Mechanized Brigade returned home after 3-year deployment in Donbass region. defence-blog.com. November 5, 2017.
- "Киевский военный округ" [Kiev Military District]. rk72.jino-net.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2008-01-08. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- Lenskii, A.G.; Tsybin, M.M. (2001). Советские сухопутные войска в последний год существования СССР [The Soviet Army in the Last Year of the USSR] (in Russian). St. Petersburg: B&K. p. 157.
- Mokrenchuk, Elena (23 April 2016). "Командир 72-й бригады: "Армия готова стрелять, но есть и другие эффективные способы ведения войны"" [Commander of the 72nd Brigade: "The army is ready to shoot, but there are other effective methods of warfare"]. Donbass (in Russian). Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- "Заступник Міністра оборони України з питань європейської інтеграції Ігор Долгов зустрівся з керівництвом Волноваського району" [Deputy Minister of Defense of Ukraine on European Integration Ihor Dolgov met with the leadership of Volnovakha Raion]. Press Center of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. 31 July 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-08-06. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской [The Armed Forces of the USSR after World War II: From the Red Army to the Soviet: Part 1 Land Forces] (in Russian). Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306.
- Számvéber, Nortbert (2013). Days of Battle: Armoured Operations North of the River Danube, Hungary 1944–45. Solihull: Helion. ISBN 9781907677649.