This is a good article. Follow the link for more information.

72nd Street station (Second Avenue Subway)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

 72 Street
 "Q" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
72nd St - 2 Av - Platform.jpg
Platform level
Station statistics
Address72nd Street & Second Avenue
New York, NY 10021
LocaleUpper East Side, Lenox Hill
Coordinates40°46′8″N 73°57′30″W / 40.76889°N 73.95833°W / 40.76889; -73.95833Coordinates: 40°46′8″N 73°57′30″W / 40.76889°N 73.95833°W / 40.76889; -73.95833
DivisionB (IND)
Line      IND Second Avenue Line
Services      M weekends and evenings (weekends and evenings)
      N limited rush hour service only (limited rush hour service only)
      Q all times (all times)
      R one weekday a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only (one weekday a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M15, M15 SBS, M66, M72
Platforms1 island platform
Other information
OpenedJanuary 1, 2017; 2 years ago (2017-01-01)[1][2]
Station code477[3]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[4]
Passengers (2018)9,068,131[5]Increase 6.2%
Rank31 out of 424
Station succession

Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north86th Street: M weekends and evenings N limited rush hour service onlyQ all timesR one weekday a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 southLexington Avenue–63rd Street: M weekends and evenings N limited rush hour service onlyQ all times

72nd Street is a station on the first phase of the Second Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of Second Avenue and 72nd Street on the Upper East Side, it opened on January 1, 2017. The station is served by the Q train at all times, the M train during weekends and weekday evenings, limited rush hour N trains, and one A.M. rush hour R train in the northbound direction only.

72nd Street has two tracks and one island platform; when planning for the line started in the early 2000s, the station was originally proposed with 3 tracks and 2 island platforms, but this was cut back due to the line's rising costs. This is the southernmost station on the first phase of the Second Avenue Line; south of this station, the BMT 63rd Street Line diverges to the west, towards the Lexington Avenue–63rd Street station, and bellmouths exist for a future extension to Second Avenue–Houston Street and Hanover Square.

The station was not originally proposed as part of the Program for Action in 1968, but a later revision to that plan entailed building a Second Avenue Subway with one of its stops located at 72nd Street. Construction on that project started in 1972, but stalled in 1975 due to lack of funding. In 2007, a separate measure authorized a first phase of the Second Avenue Line to be built between 65th and 105th Streets, with stations at 72nd, 86th, and 96th Streets. The station opened on January 1, 2017, with provisions to extend the line south to Houston Street in Phase 3. Since opening, the presence of the Second Avenue Subway's three Phase 1 stations has improved real estate prices along the corridor. The 72nd Street station was used by approximately 8.54 million passengers in 2017.

The station, along with the other Phase 1 stations along the Second Avenue Subway, contains features not found in most New York City Subway stations. It is fully compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, containing six elevators for disabled access. Additionally, the station contains air conditioning and is waterproofed, a feature only found in newer stations. The artwork at 72nd Street is Perfect Strangers, a set of portrait mosaics by artist and photographer Vik Muniz.



Escalator to mezzanine

The Second Avenue Line was originally proposed in 1919 as part of a massive expansion of what would become the Independent Subway System (IND).[6][7]:203 Work on the line never commenced, as the Great Depression crushed the economy.[8] Numerous plans for the Second Avenue Subway appeared throughout the 20th century, but these were usually deferred due to lack of funds. In anticipation of the never-built new subway line, the Second and Third Avenue elevated lines were demolished in 1942 and 1955, respectively.[9][10] The Second Avenue Elevated had one station at 72nd Street and Second Avenue—right above the same intersection where the current subway station is located[11]—while the Third Avenue Elevated had two nearby stops on nearby Third Avenue at 67th Street and 76th Street.[12]


As part of the New York City Transit Authority's 1968 Program for Action, the construction of the full-length Second Avenue Subway was proposed. It was to be built in two phases—the first phase from 126th to 34th Streets, the second phase from 34th to Whitehall Streets.[13][14] The line's planned stops in Manhattan, spaced farther apart than those on existing subway lines, proved controversial; the Second Avenue line was criticized as a "rich man's express, circumventing the Lower East Side with its complexes of high-rise low- and middle-income housing and slums in favor of a silk stocking route.”[7]:218 People protested for almost a year over the lack of stations at 72nd Street, and a stop at Lenox Hill (72nd Street[15]) station was added in October 1970.[7]:220

In 1999, the Regional Plan Association considered a full-length Second Avenue Subway, which included 72nd Street as one of its planned 31 stations.[16] The entrances to 72nd Street station were to be located at 70th, 72nd, and 74th Streets.[16] The final environmental impact statement was released for the station in April 2004.[17] The initial design of the 72nd Street station lasted about eight years, between 1999 and 2007.[18]

In November 2007, Mary Peters, the United States Secretary of Transportation, announced that the Second Avenue Subway would receive $1.3 billion in federal funding for the project's first phase, to be funded over a seven-year period.[19] However, due to cost increases for construction materials and diesel fuel affecting the prices of contracts not yet signed, the MTA announced in June 2008 that certain features of the Second Avenue Subway would be simplified to save money. One set of changes, which significantly reduces the footprint of the subway in the vicinity of 72nd Street, is the alteration of the 72nd Street Station from a three-track, two-platform design to a two-track, single island platform design, paired with a simplification of the connection to the Broadway Line spur.[20][21] Supplemental environmental impact studies covering the changes for the proposed 72nd Street station was completed in June 2009.[22][23][24]


View of tunnels at the end of the station cavern
Arch form work

In March 2007, the Second Avenue Subway was revived.[25][26][27] The line's first phase, the "first major expansion" to the New York City Subway in more than a half-century,[28] included three stations in total (at 72nd, 86th, and 96th Streets), which collectively cost $4.45 to $4.5 billion.[29][30] Its construction site was designated as being from 105th Street and Second Avenue to 63rd Street and Third Avenue.[31] The MTA awarded a $337 million contract—one that included constructing the tunnels between 92nd and 63rd Streets, building a launch box for the tunnel boring machine (TBM) at 92nd to 95th Streets, and erecting access shafts at 69th and 72nd Streets—to Schiavone Construction, Skanska USA Civil, and J.F. Shea Construction.[32]

On June 5, 2009, an apartment building at 1772 Second Avenue was evacuated by the NYC Department of Buildings (DOB) after it was determined that the building was in danger of collapse.[33] The evacuation of the building, as well as a mixed use building at 1768 Second Avenue/301 East 92nd Street on June 29, 2009,[34] had delayed the contractor's plan to use controlled blasting to remove bedrock in the southern section of the launch box.[35] Until the blasting permits could be issued, MTA required contractors to use mechanical equipment to remove the bedrock, which is slower than blasting out the rock.[36] As of October 2009, one building had been shored up, and work was in progress on the second; MTA had rescheduled blasting to begin during the week of November 2.[37]

In May 2010, a tunnel boring machine beginning at 92nd Street started to dig down Second Avenue through the 72nd Street area, to 63rd Street and Lexington Avenue.[38][39]

On October 1, 2010, MTA awarded a $431 million contract to SSK Constructors (a joint venture) for the mining of the tunnels connecting the 72nd Street station to the existing 63rd Street station, and for the excavation and heavy civil structures of the 72nd Street Station.[40] Construction was to be done through two shafts at 69th and 72nd Streets, the locations of the future entrances; shaft sinking work was started in late 2010. Projected completion of the contract was estimated at November 2013.[18] The rock around the area is mostly Manhattan schist, and was generally considered to be a stable location for blasting,[18] so blasting for the station commenced on January 18, 2011.[41]

On August 8, 2012, a controlled blast at 72nd Street caused rocks to fly over the station site.[42] Nearly two weeks later, on August 21, 2012, an uncontrolled blast for the Second Avenue Subway station at 72nd Street was done incorrectly,[43] causing a large explosion that sent debris into the air and broke windows of buildings in the area and damaged nearby sidewalks.[42][44][45][46]

Cavern drilling was finished in August 2012;[47] however, blasting for the station entrances was not completed until February 28, 2013.[48][49] Demolition of a muck house, erected in August 2011[50] to remove mud from the tunnels, started in April 2013[51] and was finished by October 2013.[52] By January 2013, almost 96.3% of excavation was completed, with 177,873 cubic yards (135,994 m3) of dirt excavated from the station; waterproofing was also being done in the station and the tunnels south of it.[53][54] The contract for the station's finishing touches, including the electrical, plumbing, track, and signal systems, as well as entrances and exits, was awarded to Judlau Contracting at a price of $258 million in February 2013.[55] As of May 12, 2014, the mezzanine level of the station was completed and being used to store equipment.[56] In September, the station's size was gauged by Gothamist to be so large that "55,000 elephants could fit" within the enormous cavern.[57]

The station's ancillaries at 72nd and 69th Street were planned to be completed in winter 2014–2015,[58] but by October 2016, the finishing touches on the ancillaries were still being applied.[59] The station's mezzanine, plumbing, electricity and machinery were originally scheduled to be finished in fall 2015,[58][60] but the estimated completion date was pushed back to September 2016[61][62] and then later to simply the "fall of 2016".[59]

Platform during rush hour

As of April 2015, the station was 56% complete,[63] and as of October 2016, the station was 92% complete.[59] However, in July 2016, it was reported that the station's opening could be delayed because the station's elevator had not been delivered and because the communication systems at the station had yet to be finished.[64] The elevators and communication systems still needed to be finished by October 2016, and it was possible that the station's opening could be delayed. With the station being delayed, the possibility of opening the other two stations of the line in December but skipping this station was being considered.[65] On December 14, though, the MTA announced that all of the line's stations would open at the same time.[66] Still, systems testing at this station had not been completed by December 19.[1] The station opened on January 1, 2017.[1][2]

Phase Three[edit]

Future junction between Phase 1, future Phase 3, and the 63rd Street Connector

Once construction on Phase 2 of the Second Avenue Subway, which will run from 105th Street to the Harlem–125th Street station at Lexington Avenue, is completed, construction is expected to start on Phase 3, which would extend the Second Avenue Subway south down Second Avenue to Houston Street. The tracks would diverge from the tracks that continue to the BMT 63rd Street Line running south on Second Avenue. There is currently a large provisional cavern, or bellmouth, for this line.[67] However, no funding has been committed to this phase.[68] After Phase 3, a new T service[69] will operate from Harlem–125th Street to Houston Street.[70]

An additional two-track connection, tracks ST-1 and ST-2, is planned between the line toward Lower Manhattan (around 63rd Street) and the IND 63rd Street Line toward Queens using existing bellmouths that are at 63rd Street and First Avenue.[71] Current plans do not call for it to be used by regular service, but instead to be used for non-revenue moves, and to provide a connection to the Jamaica Yard maintenance depot.[72][73] The connection would allow for trains to run from the Financial District to Queens if the capacity of the IND Queens Boulevard Line was increased, or if the Queens Super-Express Bypass was built.[74]

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Exits/Entrances
B1 Upper landing (Entrance 1) Escalators and stairs to Entrance 1, and escalators to lower mezzanine
B2 Lower Mezzanine Staircases and elevators to platforms
Handicapped/disabled access Elevator bank inside building at SE corner of Second Avenue and 72nd Street
Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
Platform level
Southbound "Q" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue via Brighton ("N" train rush hours via Sea Beach) (Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
"M" train toward Middle Village–Metropolitan Avenue weekends and evenings (Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound "Q" train ("N" train "R" train rush hours, "M" train weekends and evenings) toward 96th Street (86th Street)
Crowds at Entrance 2 on opening day

The 72nd Street station is served by Q trains at all times, some N trains during rush hours, one northbound R train during the AM rush hours, and M trains during weekends and evenings.[75] It has two tracks and an island platform.[25] The station is built so that it is more wide open than most other underground subway stations in the system, like other Second Avenue Subway stations but unlike existing New York City Subway stations.[76][18] Due to its openness, the station was likened to a Washington Metro station by Dr. Michael Horodniceanu, President of MTA Capital Construction.[77] The platform is approximately 99 feet (30 m) below ground, making it the deepest of the 3 stations built under phase 1.[78] The platform for the 72nd Street station, like the other Second Avenue Subway stations, is 27.8 feet (8.5 m) wide.[79]

The station has air-cooling systems to make it at least 10 °F (6 °C) cooler than other subway stations during the summer.[80] This requires the station to have large ventilation and ancillary buildings, rather than traditional subway grates.[81] The station is also compliant with current fire codes, whereas most existing stations are not.[82] Additionally, the station is waterproofed with concrete liners and fully drained.[18]

Track layout[edit]

Track layout
Current layout
Future Phase 3
Original proposal
Extension southward

Diamond crossovers are located in the cavern both north and south of the station, with a flying junction to the BMT 63rd Street Line via tracks G3 and G4 just south of the southern crossover.[18][83][71][84] The station cavern, which includes both crossovers, is 1,300 feet (400 m) long.[18] South of this station there are provisions for the Second Avenue Subway to continue further south via Second Avenue.[84] The tracks would pass over track G4, which connects the BMT 63rd Street Line to the uptown Second Avenue Subway track, track S2.[71]

The 72nd Street station was conceived as a three-track station with two island platforms,[85] but prior to construction was reduced to a two-track, one-island platform station, due to the high cost of building a three-track, two-platform station.[86][83] Additionally, the station's width was shaved back from 100 feet (30 m) to 70 feet (21 m).[86] Although this served to reduce costs, it also removed a lot of operational flexibility from the 72nd Street station, since trains cannot be turned back at the station without severely disrupting service.[87]


Perfect Strangers

The station artwork, Perfect Strangers, consists of portraits by artist and photographer Vik Muniz.[88][89] In February 2014, Muniz was chosen in a MTA Arts & Design competition with more than 100 entrants.[90]

Muniz's artwork comprises 36 mosaic-cast portraits of real people who look like they are waiting for a train. These portraits, based on photographs of his acquaintances, are scattered along the exits and mezzanine.[91] The portraits include those of chef Daniel Boulud and designer Waris Ahluwalia. Muniz also has a portrait of himself, running after a wayward suitcase while papers fly away behind him.[91] A married same-sex couple is also depicted, marking the first permanent, non-political LGBT art in New York City.[92] The depiction is based on a photograph of a Brooklyn same-sex couple and is meant to showcase the "day to day normalcy of gay New Yorkers."[93] However, the Jewish magazine Forward claimed that the work was anti-semitic because one of the figures was a Jewish man holding a globe and luggage.[94]

Exits and ancillary buildings[edit]

The current station layout includes 3 numbered entrances/exits,[18] containing 11 escalators in addition to 5 elevators.[95][58] There are also two ancillary buildings that contain station equipment.[96] One building at the northwest corner of Second Avenue and 72nd Street contains both ancillary equipment and a station entrance.[97]

The entrances and exits are located at:[18][98]

Location[98] Exit Type Number of exits
Entrance 1
NE corner of Second Avenue and 69th Street[99]
1 staircase
1 escalator
Entrance 1
SE corner of Second Avenue and 70th Street[99]
1 staircase
1 escalator
Entrance 2 (at Ancillary 2)
Building, NW corner of Second Avenue and 72nd Street[99]
Escalator 3 escalators
Entrance 3
SE corner of Second Avenue and 72nd Street[99]
Elevator Handicapped/disabled access 1 bank of 5 elevators
70th Street exit at night
The entrance and ventilation building at 72nd Street

The two ancillary buildings are located at:

  • Ancillary 1: Northwest corner of 69th Street and Second Avenue[100]
  • Ancillary 2: Northwest corner of 72nd Street and Second Avenue[100]

In 2007, some area residents filed a lawsuit in opposition to a proposed entrance at 72nd Street between First and Second Avenues, in front of residential buildings at 320 and 340 East 72nd Street,[101] citing that the entrance would take up space on the sidewalk.[102] Due to vocal community opposition, the MTA non-publicly revised plans for the subway entrance in fall 2007, relocating the planned entrance to the southeast corner of Second Avenue and 72nd Street.[101][102]

Two years later, in 2009, a Finding Of No Significant Impact by the Federal Transit Administration found that a proposed entrance at the northeast corner of Second Avenue and 72nd Street was unfeasible, as was the proposed single sidewalk elevator at the southeast corner.[103]:1–2 The northeast-corner entrance, within the 305 East 72nd Street apartment building, would have encroached into a portion of CVS Pharmacy's ground-floor retail space as well as the apartment building's basement, which contained its laundry room and several of its utility intake pipes. Building the northeast-corner entrance would have forced the owners of 305 East 72nd Street to move their laundry room and utilities into the retail space occupied by CVS, so plans for the northeast-corner entrance were canceled.[103]:3 The site for the sidewalk elevator on the southeast corner turned out to be located close to a high-pressure steam main that was 48 inches (120 cm) in diameter. After a 2007 steam main explosion in Midtown, utility provider Consolidated Edison changed its guidelines for clearance around high-pressure mains, which meant that the elevator was now too close to the main. Thus, the plan was revised to place the elevator inside a building.[103]:3–4 Of the three alternatives presented for combining the two entrances, the MTA chose an alternative in which there would be five elevators inside a building at the southeast corner of Second Avenue and 72nd Street. This required the demolition of 300 East 72nd Street so that a new building for the five elevators could be built.[103]:1–2, 5

In 2013, the MTA filed to change the location of Entrance 1, moving it onto from the sidewalk, away from its original proposed location inside 301 East 69th Street. This was because designs for entrances inside the building failed to both satisfy the building's residents as well as meet the MTA's engineering requirements. With the New York City Department of Transportation planning a bike lane along the east side of Second Avenue after construction is finished, the MTA could widen the sidewalk to make room for the entrances without ultimately disrupting traffic flow.[104][105]


70th Street entrance under construction

Business declined during the construction and blasting of the station, with many storefronts losing business and some even being forced to close.[50][106][107][108] However, starting in 2013, construction of the station has caused the value of real estate in the area to start to rise.[50][109] Although the surrounding area's real estate prices had been declining since the 1990s, there had been increases in the purchases and leases of residential units around the area, causing real estate prices to rise again.[110] On the Upper East Side, prices of real estate west of Third Avenue had historically been higher than prices east of there, but due to the subway's construction, prices of real estate east of the avenue had risen dramatically since the station's construction started.[111] With the opening of the new station, business owners hoped to see an increase in patronage.[112][113]


  1. ^ a b c McCowan, Candace (December 31, 2016). "Decades in the making, Second Avenue Subway set to open to the public". ABC7 New York. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  2. ^ a b Fitzsimmons, Emma G.; Wolfe, Jonathan (January 1, 2017). "Second Avenue Subway Opening: What to Know". The New York Times. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  3. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  4. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  5. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  6. ^ " Second Avenue Subway: The Line That Almost Never Was". 1972. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  7. ^ a b c Raskin, Joseph B. (2013). The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System. New York, New York: Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-82325-369-2.
  8. ^ "IND Second System 1929 Plan". Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  9. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Project – History". October 19, 2002. Archived from the original on October 19, 2002. Retrieved February 15, 2016.
  10. ^ "Last Train Rumbles On Third Ave. 'El'; An Era Ends With Final Run of Third Avenue 'El' LAST TRAIN ROLLS ON THIRD AVE. 'EL'" (PDF). Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  11. ^ See:
  12. ^ See:
  13. ^ "The New York Transit Authority in the 1970s".
  14. ^ "DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT, SECOND AVENUE SUBWAY, ROUTE 132-A". Urban Mass Transportation Administration. August 1971. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
  15. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS), May 2004 Appendix B Development of Alternatives" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2004. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
  16. ^ "Finding of No Significant Impact" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 29, 2010.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i "NEW YORK CITY—Second Avenue Subway: MTA's Second Avenue Station and Tunnels Project" (PDF). Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration.
  18. ^ Neuman, William (November 19, 2007). "U.S. Approves $1.3 Billion for 2nd Avenue Subway". The New York Times. Retrieved November 19, 2007.
  19. ^ "Rising costs shelve third Second Ave. Subway track at 72nd :: Second Ave. Sagas". Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  20. ^ "Community Board 8 Second Avenue Subway Task Force" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. August 17, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2014., June 17, 2008
  21. ^ "Microsoft PowerPoint – 0080617_CB8_Final [Compatibility Mode]" (PDF). Retrieved August 2, 2009.
  22. ^ "Microsoft PowerPoint – 080729_CB8_Final_distribution version" (PDF). Retrieved August 2, 2009.
  23. ^ "MTA Capital Construction – Second Avenue Subway: Documents". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on June 25, 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
  24. ^ a b "Tunneling Begins Under Second Avenue". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 14, 2010. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
  25. ^ Neuman, William (April 9, 2007). "Is That Finally the Sound of a 2nd Ave. Subway?". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
  26. ^ "Excavation of West Tunnel for Second Avenue Subway Complete". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 4, 2011. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
  27. ^ "The Second Avenue subway explained". am New York. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  28. ^ *Putzier, Konrad (May 14, 2014). "Real Estate Weekly » Blog Archive » Light at end of tunnel for Second Ave. subway". Archived from the original on September 7, 2017. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
  29. ^ "Drone takes tour of NYC's 2nd Avenue subway line". CBS News. September 16, 2015. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  30. ^ Nonko, Emily (January 30, 2014). "Updates on NYC's Biggest Subway Projects: Second Avenue and East Side Access". Archived from the original on May 17, 2014. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
  31. ^ "Top Projects" (PDF). NY Construction. p. 1.
  32. ^ Namako, Tom (June 6, 2009). "2nd Ave. Subway Caused Building Evac: Officials". New York Post.
  33. ^ Sutherland, Amber; Namako, Tom (July 1, 2009). "Second Ave. Tenants RIP 'Train Wreck'". New York Post.
  34. ^ Rivoli, Dan (September 2, 2009). "2nd Ave. Subway Delays". Our Town. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved February 20, 2010.
  35. ^ Simeone, Jessica; Namako, Tom (September 26, 2009). "Second Ave. on Snail Rail". New York Post.
  36. ^ "Second Avenue Subway" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
  37. ^ "MTA Launches Second Avenue Subway Tunnel Boring Machine". MTA Press Releases. May 14, 2010. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
  38. ^ Exclusive: Ground Breaking For 2nd Avenue Subway Line Weeks Away Archived October 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine – NY1, January 24, 2007
  39. ^ "MTA Capital Construction – Procurement".
  40. ^ "Blasting for Second Avenue Subway 72nd Street Station Completed". MTA Press Release. March 4, 2013. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
  41. ^ a b "EXCLUSIVE: Second Avenue subway plagued with dangerous conditions and safety violations". New York: NY Daily News. June 2, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  42. ^ "Summary Report of August 21, 2012 Incident at Ancillary No. 2" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
  43. ^ "Blasting Goes Awry Along 2nd Avenue Subway « CBS New York". August 21, 2012. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  44. ^ Updated: August 22, 2012 2:25 pm (August 21, 2012). "Second Avenue Subway Explosion Breaks UES Windows After Workers Use Too Many Explosives (PHOTOS)". Huffington Post. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  45. ^ Kathy Carvajal; Arun Kristian Das; Luke Funk. "Second Ave. subway construction blast investigation – New York News". Archived from the original on May 14, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  46. ^ "Newsletter August/September 2012" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 2012.
  47. ^ "MTA: Second Avenue Subway Blasting Completed « CBS New York". March 4, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  48. ^ "MTA | Press Release | MTA Headquarters | Blasting for Second Avenue Subway 72nd Street Station Completed". Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  49. ^ a b c "Shops along Second Ave. subway line construction sites want big bucks in 2014". New York: NY Daily News. January 7, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  50. ^ Matt McNulty (April 22, 2013). "Second Ave Subway 'muck houses' to be torn down". New York Post. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  51. ^ "72nd Street Station Area Update October 2013" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 2013.
  52. ^ Garth Johnston (January 29, 2013). "Photos: The Second Avenue Subway Approaches Reality Station". Gothamist. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  53. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Construction: MTA Shows Off January 2013 Progress (PHOTOS)". Huffington Post. January 29, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  54. ^ "MTA Awards $258M Contract for Second Avenue Subway Station at E. 72nd St. – Upper East Side – New York". February 15, 2013. Archived from the original on May 15, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  55. ^ "A Subterranean Expedition Shows Progress in NYC's Second Avenue Subway Tunnels". Untapped Cities. April 28, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  56. ^ Gothamist (September 25, 2013). "Photos: The 2nd Avenue Subway's Progress (And Rails!)". Gothamist. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  57. ^ a b c "72nd Street Station Area Update" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 2014.
  58. ^ a b c "September 2016 Newsletter" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2016.
  59. ^ "May 2014 Newsletter" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2014.
  60. ^ "April 2015 Newsletter" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 2015.
  61. ^ "Report from Transit & Bus Committee" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 2015. p. 149.
  62. ^ "New Photos Show Second Avenue Subway Stations Nearing Completion". Gothamist. April 27, 2015. Archived from the original on May 1, 2015. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
  63. ^ "'Disappointing Delay' in June Puts 2nd Ave. Subway Behind: MTA Consultant". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on August 21, 2016. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  64. ^ Fitzsimmons, Emma G. (October 24, 2016). "After Almost a Century, the 2nd Avenue Subway Is Oh-So-Close to Arriving". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  65. ^ Rivoli, Dan (December 14, 2016). "Second Avenue subway line set to open on New Year's Eve". NY Daily News. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
  66. ^ Anastasio, Joseph. "It contains a provision for the full length Second Ave. Subway". Retrieved December 30, 2016.
  67. ^ Donohue, Pete (January 20, 2013). "Second Ave. subway on track to open in 2016: MTA". Daily News. New York. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
  68. ^ Hirschman, David (August 2008). "The T Train: NYC Will Get Its First New Subway Line in 70 Years". Wired (Aug '08): 36. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved April 8, 2014. The old (1960s) T service was also called the West End train. The reference was to Brooklyn. By contrast, the new T service will serve the East Side of Manhattan, and 'will unite the Upper and Lower East Sides.'
  69. ^ "Making the Case" (PDF). Federal Transit Administration. August 20, 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 27, 2013. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
  70. ^ a b c Marrero, Robert (January 1, 2017). "472 Stations, 850 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  71. ^ "Final Summary Report" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 11, 2001. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
  72. ^ "Making the Case" (PDF). Federal Transit Administration. August 20, 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 27, 2013. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
  73. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS), May 2004 Appendix B Development of Alternatives" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2004. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
  74. ^ "SUB-DIVISION B TRAIN OPERATOR/CONDUCTOR ROAD & NON-ROAD WORK PROGRAMS IN EFFECT: NOVEMBER 6, 2016" (PDF). New York City Transit. July 29, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
  75. ^ Hession, Michael (May 2, 2014). "A Subterranean Stroll Through NYC's Newest Train Tunnel". Gizmodo. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  76. ^ Rivoli, Dan (May 1, 2014). "Second Avenue Subway progress: Dec. 2016 end date on track". AM New York. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  77. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority. "Second Avenue Subway March 2014 Public Workshop Follow-Up Report, page 23" (PDF). Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  78. ^ "A Tour of NYC's Newest Subway Station With Its Architect". Curbed NY. September 21, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  79. ^ Donohue, Pete (August 4, 2006). "Cooler Subways Coming Eventually". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on October 10, 2007. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
  80. ^ Roberts, Sam (September 30, 2013). "No Heel Hazards (or Gusts) as Subway Expands". New York Times. New York. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  81. ^ Nolan, Caitlin (May 16, 2014). "Second Avenue subway line construction is progressing: officials". NY Daily News. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  82. ^ a b "Community Board 8 Second Avenue Subway Task Force" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. August 17, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2014.
  83. ^ a b 2nd Avenue Subway (October 27, 2016). Second Avenue Subway Test Train. Retrieved October 28, 2016 – via YouTube.
  84. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS), May 2004 Figure 2-4 Track Diagram, North of 55th Street" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2004. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
  85. ^ a b "Rising costs shelve third Second Ave. Subway track at 72nd :: Second Ave. Sagas". Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  86. ^ Ebiri, Bilge (February 7, 2018). "Thanks to an MTA Design Decision, the Second Avenue Subway Is Already Screwed". Village Voice. Retrieved February 10, 2018.
  87. ^ Ben Yakas (January 22, 2014). "Here's What The Second Avenue Subway Will Look Like When It's Filled With Art". Gothamist. Archived from the original on March 30, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  88. ^ "Mosaic Artist Picked for Second Avenue Subway's 72nd Street Station". DNA Info. February 5, 2014. Archived from the original on May 15, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  89. ^ "Mosaic Artist Picked for Second Avenue Subway's 72nd Street Station – Upper East Side – New York". February 5, 2014. Archived from the original on May 15, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  90. ^ a b Kennedy, Randy (December 19, 2016). "Art Underground: A First Look at the Second Avenue Subway". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 19, 2016.
  91. ^ Raymond, Adam K. (December 27, 2016). "Second Avenue Subway Station Features Portrait of Gay Couple Holding Hands". New York Magazine. Retrieved December 27, 2016.
  92. ^ Fonrouge, Gabrielle (December 27, 2016). "Gay couple featured in Second Avenue subway mural". New York Post. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  93. ^ Romm, Jake (December 23, 2016). "Is the Second Avenue Subway Saying Something About Us in This Mural?". The Forward. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  94. ^ John Del Signore (May 16, 2013). "Photos: Deep Inside The Second Avenue Subway's 72nd Street Station". Gothamist. Archived from the original on October 22, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  95. ^ "August 2015 Newsletter" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. August 2015.
  96. ^ "July 2015 Task Force Presentation" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 14, 2015. p. 14.
  97. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Upper East Side" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
  98. ^ a b c d "Introducing the Second Avenue Subway Make Second Avenue Q subway service, your first choice". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 30, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
  99. ^ a b "Newsletter February 2012" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2012.
  100. ^ a b Morris, Bill (December 2009). "You Can Fight City Hall (actually, the MTA) and Win". Habitat Magazine. Retrieved December 19, 2016.
  101. ^ a b Gallahue, Patrick (August 1, 2008). "Mta Sub-Weighs Alternative | New York Post". Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  102. ^ a b c d "Finding Of No Significant Impact (FONSI): Second Avenue Subway: 72nd Street and 86th Street Station Entrances" (PDF). United States Department of Transportation. October 29, 2009. Retrieved December 19, 2016.
  103. ^ "July 2013 Technical Memo" (PDF). Federal Transit Administration. July 2013. p. 4.
  104. ^ "July 2013 Newsletter" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 2013.
  105. ^ Schlossberg, Tatiana (October 2, 2014). "Promise of New Subways Has West Siders Excited and East Siders Skeptical". The New York Times. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  106. ^ "Second Avenue subway will have a stop at 72nd St. in Upper East Side – am New York". Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  107. ^ Berger, Joseph (October 5, 2010). "Subway Work on 2nd Avenue Hobbles Stores". The New York Times. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  108. ^ "Landlords dig Second Ave. subway | Crain's New York Business". February 24, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  109. ^ Hughes, C.J. (April 8, 2016). "Yorkville Bets on the Second Avenue Subway". The New York Times. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
  110. ^ Acitelli, Tom (March 1, 2014). "Upper East Side sees boost from Second Avenue subway progress". The Real Deal. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  111. ^ "Businesses hope for boost with 2nd Avenue subway launch". ABC7 New York. December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  112. ^ Barone, Vincent (December 20, 2016). "UES community, officials excited for 2nd Ave. subway". am New York. Retrieved December 23, 2016.

Further reading[edit]

  • Nasri, V., Fulcher, B., Redmond, R., and Parikh, A. 2012, Design and Construction of 72nd Street Large and Shallow Rock Cavern Station in New York City. Proceedings of the North American Tunneling Conference 2012, Indianapolis, Indiana, June 20–23, 2012.
  • Nasri, V., Fulcher, B., and Redmond, R. 2012, Design and Construction of 72nd Street Station Rock Cavern in New York. Proceedings of the World Tunnel Congress 2012, Bangkok, Thailand, 18–23 May 2012, International Tunneling Association.

External links[edit]