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This article is about the year 742. For the number, see 742 (number).
Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 7th century8th century9th century
Decades: 710s  720s  730s  – 740s –  750s  760s  770s
Years: 739 740 741742743 744 745
742 by topic
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
Establishment and disestablishment categories
742 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 742
Ab urbe condita 1495
Armenian calendar 191
Assyrian calendar 5492
Bengali calendar 149
Berber calendar 1692
Buddhist calendar 1286
Burmese calendar 104
Byzantine calendar 6250–6251
Chinese calendar 辛巳(Metal Snake)
3438 or 3378
    — to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
3439 or 3379
Coptic calendar 458–459
Discordian calendar 1908
Ethiopian calendar 734–735
Hebrew calendar 4502–4503
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 798–799
 - Shaka Samvat 664–665
 - Kali Yuga 3843–3844
Holocene calendar 10742
Iranian calendar 120–121
Islamic calendar 124–125
Japanese calendar Tenpyō 14
Julian calendar 742
Korean calendar 3075
Minguo calendar 1170 before ROC
Seleucid era 1053/1054 AG
Thai solar calendar 1284–1285
Li Bai (also Li Po) (701–762)

Year 742 (DCCXLII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 742 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]




  • Emperor Xuan Zong begins to favor Taoism over Buddhism, adopting the new reign title Tianbao ("Heavenly Treasures") to indicate his divine mandate. The total number of enlisted troops in the Tang armies has risen to about half a million due to Xuan Zongs's earlier military reforms.
  • For the municipal census of the Chinese capital city Chang'an and its metropolitan area of Jingzhou (including small towns in the vicinity), the New Book of Tang records that in this year there are 362,921 registered families with 1,960,188 persons.
  • Li Bai (also Li Po), Chinese poet, is summoned by Xuan Zong to attend the imperial court. He and his friend Du Fu become the two most prominent figures in the flourishing of Chinese poetry during the mid-Tang Dynasty.

By topic[edit]





  1. ^ Serrão, Joel; de Oliveira Marques, A. H. (1993). "O Portugal Islâmico". Hova Historia de Portugal. Portugal das Invasões Germânicas à Reconquista. Lisbon: Editorial Presença. p. 123.