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Millennium: 1st millennium
742 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar742
Ab urbe condita1495
Armenian calendar191
Assyrian calendar5492
Balinese saka calendar663–664
Bengali calendar149
Berber calendar1692
Buddhist calendar1286
Burmese calendar104
Byzantine calendar6250–6251
Chinese calendar辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
3439 or 3232
    — to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
3440 or 3233
Coptic calendar458–459
Discordian calendar1908
Ethiopian calendar734–735
Hebrew calendar4502–4503
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat798–799
 - Shaka Samvat663–664
 - Kali Yuga3842–3843
Holocene calendar10742
Iranian calendar120–121
Islamic calendar124–125
Japanese calendarTenpyō 14
Javanese calendar636–637
Julian calendar742
Korean calendar3075
Minguo calendar1170 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−726
Seleucid era1053/1054 AG
Thai solar calendar1284–1285
Tibetan calendar阴金蛇年
(female Iron-Snake)
868 or 487 or −285
    — to —
(male Water-Horse)
869 or 488 or −284
Li Bai (also Li Po) (701–762)

Year 742 (DCCXLII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, the 742nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 742nd year of the 1st millennium, the 42nd year of the 8th century, and the 3rd year of the 740s decade. The denomination 742 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


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  • Emperor Xuan Zong begins to favor Taoism over Buddhism, adopting the new reign title Tianbao ("Heavenly Treasures"), to indicate his divine mandate. The total number of enlisted troops in the Tang armies has risen to about half a million, due to Xuan Zongs's earlier military reforms.
  • For the municipal census of the Chinese capital city Chang'an and its metropolitan area of Jingzhou (including small towns in the vicinity), the New Book of Tang records that in this year there are 362,921 registered families with 1,960,188 people.
  • Li Bai (also Li Po), Chinese poet, is summoned by Xuan Zong to attend the imperial court. He and his friend Du Fu become the two most prominent figures in the flourishing of Chinese poetry, during the mid-Tang dynasty.

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  1. ^ Serrão, Joel; de Oliveira Marques, A. H. (1993). "O Portugal Islâmico". Hova Historia de Portugal. Portugal das Invasões Germânicas à Reconquista. Lisbon: Editorial Presença. p. 123.
  2. ^ Lynch, Michael, ed. (February 24, 2011). The Oxford companion to Scottish history. Oxford University Press. p. 604. ISBN 9780199693054.