742d Missile Squadron

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742d Missile Squadron
LGM-30G Minuteman III test launch.jpg
LGM-30G Minuteman III test launch at Vandenberg AFB, California
Active 1943–1945; 1947–1949; 1956–1957; 1962p–resent
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Intercontinental ballistic missile
Garrison/HQ Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota
Motto(s) Clavis Pacis Latin The Key to Peace
Engagements European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Streamer.jpg
World War II (EAME Theater)
Decorations Streamer PUC Army.PNG
Distinguished Unit Citation (2x)
US Air Force Outstanding Unit Award - Stremer.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (9x)
Insignia
742d Missile Squadron emblem (modified 4 November 1998 form emblem approved 4 May 1964)[1] 742d Missile Squadron.jpg
unofficial 742d Bombardment Squadron emblem 742d Bombardment Squadron - Emblem.png

The 742d Missile Squadron is part of the 91st Missile Wing based at Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota. It operates Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missiles.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Established as a B-24 Liberator heavy bombardment unit in mid-1943; assigned to II Bomber Command for training. Primarily trained in New Mexico and Utah received deployment orders for the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in November 1943. Moved to Virginia where the group flew long-range convoy escort missions over the Mid-Atlantic, October–November 1943 while station in Italy was being constructed.

Deployed to Southern Italy in January 1944; entered combat in January 1944, being assigned to Fifteenth Air Force. Engaged in very long range strategic bombing missions to enemy military, industrial and transportation targets in Italy, France, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Romania, and Yugoslavia, bombing railroad marshalling yards, oil refineries, airdrome installations, heavy industry, and other strategic objectives.

In addition to strategic missions in the Balkans, the group bombed troop concentrations, bridges, marshalling yards, and airdromes during the fall of 1944 to hamper the enemy’s withdrawal from the region. The group also supported ground forces at Anzio and Cassino in March 1944; knocked out gun positions in preparation for the invasion of Southern France in August 1944; and assisted the final Allied drive through Italy in April 1945 by hitting such targets as bridges, gun positions, and troop concentrations.

Remained in Italy after the German Capitulation in May, although unit personnel were demobilized throughout the summer of 1945. Group was inactivated in Italy on 9 September 1945.

Reactivated in the Air Force Reserve in 1947 with B-29 Superfortresses. Trained at Hensley Field, Texas. Inactivated in 1949 due to budget restrictions.

Tactical Air Command[edit]

Allocated to Tactical Air Command during the 1950s. Activated at Myrtle Beach AFB, South Carolina in 1956 as part of a second Fighter-Day Group planned for the new installation. Some personnel were assigned but never became operational with aircraft. Inactivated in July 1957 due to budget restrictions; personnel assigned were reassigned to 354th Fighter-Day Group.

Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Squadron[edit]

Reactivated on 1 Nov 1962 as an ICBM squadron assigned to the 455th Strategic Missile Wing at Minot AFB, North Dakota. Initially equipped with 50 LGM-30B Minuteman Is in 1963. Reassigned to 91st Strategic Missile Wing in 1968. Upgraded to LGM-30G Minuteman III in 1968/1969, has maintained ICBMs on alert ever since.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted 'as the 742d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 14 May 1943
Activated on 1 June 1943
Redesignated 742d Bombardment Squadron, Heavy on 6 March 1944
Inactivated on 9 September 1945
  • Redesignated 742d Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy) on 27 December 1946
Activated in the reserve on 10 January 1947
Inactivated on 27 June 1949
  • Redesignated 742d Fighter-Day Squadron on 7 May 1956
Activated on 25 July 1956
Inactivated on 1 July 1957
  • Redesignated 742d Strategic Missile Squadron and activated on 28 June 1962 (not organized)
Organized on 1 November 1962
Redesignated as 742d Missile Squadron on 1 September 1991[1]

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft and missiles[edit]

LGM-30 Minuteman Missile Alert and Launch Facilities

742d Missile Squadron Launch Facilities

Missile Alert Facilities (K-O flights, each controlling 10 missiles) are located as follows:
K-1 8.8 mi SxSW of Kenmare ND, 48°33′02″N 102°07′12″W / 48.55056°N 102.12000°W / 48.55056; -102.12000 (K-01)
L-1 1.5 mi SW of Bowbells ND, 48°47′21″N 102°16′06″W / 48.78917°N 102.26833°W / 48.78917; -102.26833 (L-01)
M-1 9.1 mi E of Kenmare ND, 48°40′22″N 101°52′31″W / 48.67278°N 101.87528°W / 48.67278; -101.87528 (M-01)
N-1 3.7 mi W of Mohall ND, 48°45′34″N 101°35′31″W / 48.75944°N 101.59194°W / 48.75944; -101.59194 (N-01)
O-1 9.5 mi NW of Maxbass ND, 48°49′28″N 101°16′55″W / 48.82444°N 101.28194°W / 48.82444; -101.28194 (O-01)

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 48°24′57″N 101°21′29″W / 48.41583°N 101.35806°W / 48.41583; -101.35806 (Minot AFB)

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e Robertson, Patsy (June 9, 2010). "Factsheet 742 Missile Squadron (AFGSC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved October 21, 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links[edit]