75th Avenue (IND Queens Boulevard Line)

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75th Avenue
NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg NYCS-bull-trans-F.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
75th Avenue IND Queens Mosaics.JPG
The mosaics at 75th Avenue station
Station statistics
Address 75th Avenue & Queens Boulevard
Queens, NY 11375
Borough Queens
Locale Forest Hills
Coordinates 40°43′07″N 73°50′16″W / 40.71864°N 73.837738°W / 40.71864; -73.837738Coordinates: 40°43′07″N 73°50′16″W / 40.71864°N 73.837738°W / 40.71864; -73.837738
Division B (IND)
Line IND Queens Boulevard Line
Services       E nights after 9:00 p.m. and weekends (nights after 9:00 p.m. and weekends)
      F all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport MTA Bus: Q60, QM11, QM18
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened December 31, 1936; 79 years ago (1936-12-31)
Wireless service Wi-Fi[1][2]
Former/other names 75th Avenue – Puritan Avenue
Traffic
Passengers (2015) 1,136,305[3]Increase 0.4%
Rank 351 out of 422
Station succession
Next north Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike: E nights after 9:00 p.m. and weekends F all times
Next south Forest Hills – 71st Avenue: E nights after 9:00 p.m. and weekends F all times

75th Avenue (originally 75th Avenue – Puritan Avenue) is a local station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of 75th Avenue and Queens Boulevard in Forest Hills, Queens, it is served by the F train at all times, and the E train at all other times except weekday rush hours and middays (6am-6pm).

History[edit]

The Queens Boulevard Line was one of the first lines built by the city-owned Independent Subway System (IND),[4][5][6] and stretches between the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan and 179th Street and Hillside Avenue in Jamaica, Queens.[4][6][7] The Queens Boulevard Line was in part financed by a Public Works Administration (PWA) loan and grant of $25,000,000.[8] One of the proposed stations would have been located at 75th Avenue. In 1930, in anticipation of growth due to the building of the Queens Boulevard Line, several blocks of land along Queens Boulevard were rezoned so that fifteen-story apartment buildings could be built.[9]

On December 31, 1936, the IND Queens Boulevard Line was extended by eight stops, and 3.5 miles (5.6 km), from its previous terminus at Roosevelt Avenue to Union Turnpike, and the 75th Avenue station opened as part of this extension.[10][11][12][13][14][15]

The construction of the extension to Kew Gardens brought significant growth to Queens, specifically in Forest Hills and Kew Gardens.[16][17] With the subway providing a quick and cheap commute, Forest Hills became a more desirable place to live, and as a result new apartment buildings were built in advance of the line's opening to accommodate the expected influx of residents.[18][19] As a result, Forest Hills was transformed from a quiet residential community of one-family houses to an active population center.[20][21][22] Following the line's completion, there was an increase in the property values of buildings around Queens Boulevard.[23][24]

In 1953, the platforms were lengthened at 75th Avenue to 660 feet to allow E and F trains to run eleven car trains. The E and F began running eleven car trains during rush hours on September 8, 1953. The extra train car increased the total carrying capacity by 4,000 passengers. The lengthening project cost $400,000.[25]

In the 1970s, when the New York City Subway was at an all-time low, following the general trend of a decrease in ridership, the amount of passengers using the 75th Avenue station decreased by 300,000 passengers.[26][27]

As part of the MTA's 1975 – 1981 transit program, station lighting at 75th Avenue was improved.[28]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
B2
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Southbound local NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward World Trade Center (weekends) (Forest Hills – 71st Avenue)
NYCS-bull-trans-F.svg toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue (Forest Hills – 71st Avenue)
Southbound express NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg does not stop here (weekdays)
Northbound express NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg does not stop here (weekdays) →
Northbound local NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer (weekends) (Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike)
NYCS-bull-trans-F.svg toward Jamaica – 179th Street (Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
B3
Lower level tracks
[29][30]
Yard track No passenger service
Yard track No passenger service, used for terminating NYCS-bull-trans-M.svg NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg trains
Yard track No passenger service, used for terminating NYCS-bull-trans-M.svg NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg trains
Yard track No passenger service
Entrance to the 75th Avenue station on the north side of Queens Boulevard

This local station has four tracks and two side platforms. The E train uses the two center tracks to bypass this station weekdays (Manhattan-bound from approximately 6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., Jamaica-bound from 7:30 a.m. to 7:45 p.m.).[31]

The platforms' color scheme consists of a light sage green trim line on a black border with "75TH AVE" tiled in white lettering on a black border beneath them. The name tablets have "75TH AVE." in white arial font on a black background with a lighter green border as above. Beneath them are directional signs in white letting on a black border. The platform columns are painted in light Nile Green and the track columns have white "75TH AVE" signs on them in black lettering.[32]

The color scheme of the station's side platforms is green trim with green borders around the name tablets and the columns painted lime green color. This station also has 75th Ave signs on the beams between the express and local tracks.[32]

The station has a full-length mezzanine above the platforms and tracks.[33] All of the mezzanine is still completely open, with the exception of a tiny closed fenced offf section at the station's eastern end that is accessed from a single closed staircase on the Manhattan-bound platform. However, it is set up in a way that does not allow a free transfer between directions, as the fare control is located in the middle of the mezzanine. This is evidence that there were two booths when the station first opened. The token booth and turnstile banks for either direction are at the center. HEET turnstiles are at either ends near the station's entrances and exits, both of which have two street stairs. The entrance at the west (railroad south) end leads to the northwest corner and southwest corners of Queens Boulevard and 75th Avenue, while the one on the east (railroad north) end leads to southeast corner of Queens Boulevard and 75th Road.[34] Chain-link fences separate the sections of the mezzanine within fare control and the section out of fare control. There used to be a full mezzanine but the fare control is now in the center so there is no free crossover; this allows pedestrians to cross under Queens Boulevard freely.[32][29][35]

The name Puritan Avenue was used to refer to the station early in its history.[36][37] It is the name for 75th Road in Forest Hills Gardens, which dates back to the street's creation in 1909.[38]

Track layout[edit]

There are two switches near the western end of this station, one is a diamond crossover in the Queens-bound direction, and one is a regular switch in the Manhattan-bound direction. The diamond crossover switch allows trains to cross-over between the local and express tracks in the same direction. The other switch allows trains heading toward Manhattan on the local track to switch to the express track.[39] This switch is used in revenue service. E and F trains use it to switch from the Queens Boulevard express tracks to the local tracks, allowing them to stop at 75th Avenue. The F uses these switches at all times, while the E only uses them at all times except weekdays and late nights. The stretch of local track between 71st Avenue and 75th Avenue is only used in revenue service during late nights, when the E runs local.[40]

There are also four tracks underneath this station, which are not visible from the platforms. An emergency exit located in the middle of the Jamaica-bound platform leads to this lower level. The two outer tracks lead to Jamaica Yard while the two center tracks are used for reversing trains from Forest Hills – 71st Avenue and end at bumper blocks just east of 75th Avenue under the mainline tracks.[39][41][42]

Ridership[edit]

In 2015, the station had 1,136,305 boardings, making it the 351st most used station in the 422-station system.[3] This amounted to an average of 3,756 passengers per weekday.[43]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  2. ^ More Subway Stations in Manhattan, Bronx in Line to Get Online, mta.info (March 25, 2015). "The first two phases included stations in Midtown Manhattan and all underground stations in Queens with the exception of the 7 Main St terminal."
  3. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  4. ^ a b Duffus, R.L. (September 22, 1929). "OUR GREAT SUBWAY NETWORK SPREADS WIDER; New Plans of Board of Transportation Involve the Building of More Than One Hundred Miles of Additional Rapid Transit Routes for New York". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "QUEENS SUBWAY WORK AHEAD OF SCHEDULE: Completion Will Lead to Big Apartrnent Building, Says William C. Speers.". The New York Times. April 7, 1929. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Queens Lauded as Best Boro By Chamber Chief". Newspapers.com. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 23, 1929. p. 40. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  7. ^ New York Times, New Subway Routes in Hylan Program to Cost $186,046,000, March 21, 1925, page 1
  8. ^ "TEST TRAINS RUNNING IN QUEENS SUBWAY; Switch and Signal Equipment of New Independent Line Is Being Checked.". The New York Times. 1936-12-20. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  9. ^ "QUEENS TO HAVE 15-STORY HOUSE; Tall Structure for New Residential Development in ForestHills Area.NEAR BOULEVARD SUBWAYSeveral Blocks Rezoned for High Buildings Between Jamaicaand Kew Gardens. Apartment Height's Increase.". The New York Times. 1930-03-23. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  10. ^ "NEW RETAIL AREA IN QUEENS BOROUGH; Sees Roosevelt Avenue Subway Station as Great Shopping Centre. ADVANTAGES POINTED OUT Accessibility to Many Home Communities Assures Potential Market.". The New York Times. 1933-07-09. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  11. ^ "Reproduction Poster of Extension to Union Turnpike – Kew Gardens". Flickr – Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  12. ^ Roger P. Roess; Gene Sansone (23 August 2012). The Wheels That Drove New York: A History of the New York City Transit System. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 416–417. ISBN 978-3-642-30484-2. 
  13. ^ "PWA Party Views New Subway Link: Queens Section to Be Opened Tomorrow Is Inspected by Tuttle and Others". nytimes.com. The New York Times. December 30, 1936. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "CITY SUBWAY OPENS QUEENS LINK TODAY; Extension Brings Kew Gardens Within 36 Minutes of 42d St. on Frequent Trains.". The New York Times. 1936-12-31. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  15. ^ "OPENING MOVED UP FOR NEW SUBWAY; Traffic to Be Started on the Extension of City's Line to Kew Gardens on Thursday. EIGHT STATIONS ARE ADDED La Guardia and Official Party Will Inspect New Queens Branch on Wednesday.". The New York Times. 1936-12-26. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  16. ^ "NEW QUEENS SUBWAY STIMULATING GROWTH; Work Now Under Way to Kew Gardens—Many Home Communities Well Populated.". The New York Times. 1931-04-26. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  17. ^ "SUBWAY LINK AIDS REALTY ACTIVITYY; Broker Notes the Expansion of Housing Facilities in Queens District". The New York Times. 1937-03-07. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  18. ^ Hirshon, Nicholas; Romano, Foreword by Ray (2013-01-01). Forest Hills. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-9785-0. 
  19. ^ Copquin, Claudia Gryvatz (2007-01-01). The Neighborhoods of Queens. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-11299-8. 
  20. ^ "DEMAND IS NOTED FOR QUEENS HOMES; Sales in Many Areas Exceed Summer Expectations of Developers; JAMAICA SECTION ACTIVE; Buying Interest Reported at Kew Gardens—Open Roslyn Community Today Kew Gardens Activity Open Home Center at Roslyn". The New York Times. 1937-07-18. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  21. ^ Myers, Steven Lee (1992-06-14). "Life Beyond the Subway Is Subject to Its Own Disruptions". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  22. ^ "FOREST HILLS IS ACTIVE; Renting Is Heaviest in Years There, Broker Reports". The New York Times. 1938-09-11. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  23. ^ "SUBWAY LINK AIDS REALTY IN QUEENS; Civic Leaders Urge Careful Planning for the Future Growth of District. APARTMENT TREND SEEN Rising Values Are Predicted for the Forest Hills and Kew Gardens Areas. Views Future With Optimism Cites New Responsibilities SUBWAY LINK AIDS REALTY IN QUEENS Changing Conditions Seen Sales in Rego Park". The New York Times. 1937-01-03. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  24. ^ "FOREST HILLS RENTALS; Demand There and in Kew Gardens Higher Than Last Year". The New York Times. 1937-07-11. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  25. ^ Ingalls, Leonard (August 28, 1953). "2 Subway Lines to Add Cars, Another to Speed Up Service". New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2016. 
  26. ^ nycsubway.org — The New York Transit Authority in the 1970s
  27. ^ Burks, Edward C. (1975-04-20). "Ridership on Queens Subways Down". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-07-03. 
  28. ^ Burks, Edward C. (1975-03-24). "Plans Outlined to Upgrade Subway and Bus Systems". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  29. ^ a b nycsubway.org – IND Queens Boulevard Line: 75th Avenue
  30. ^ Track map of the area
  31. ^ "E Train Subway Timetable December 6, 2015" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 6, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2016. 
  32. ^ a b c Cox, Jeremiah. "75 Avenue (F,E-except weekdays to Manhattan: 6am-7pm, from 7:30am-7:45pm) - The SubwayNut". subwaynut.com. Retrieved 2016-07-03. 
  33. ^ Marks, Seymour (January 20, 1959). "Phantom Subway: Ideal Spot to Park" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. p. 3. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  34. ^ "Neighborhood Map Kew Gardens, Forest Hills, Kew Gardens Hills, Hillcrest, Briarwood, Richmond Hill" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved July 3, 2016. 
  35. ^ "F Train". 2012-02-04. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved 2016-07-03. 
  36. ^ "104 STATION SITES FOR CITY'S SUBWAYS CHOSEN BY BOARD; The Layout Calls for 39 in Manhattan, 30 in Brooklyn, 25 in Queens, 10 in Bronx.". The New York Times. June 2, 1930. Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  37. ^ "New Subway to Add 2 Needed Services: Opening of 6th Ave. Line to Provide Uptown Local Route and More Queens Expresses". The New York Times. December 2, 1939. Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  38. ^ Kern-Jedrychowska, Ewa (April 16, 2015). "Streets With 2 Names Cause 'Chronic' 911 Problems, Official Says". DNAinfo.com. Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  39. ^ a b Marrero, Robert (2015-09-13). "469 Stations, 846 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved 2015-10-09. 
  40. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2002). "NYC Track Map Book Page 50 Queens F" (PDF). nyctrackmapbook.com. Archived from the original on April 6, 2003. Retrieved July 3, 2016. 
  41. ^ "A Picture History of Kew Gardens, NY – Queens Boulevard Rapid Transit". www.oldkewgardens.com. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  42. ^ "Jamaica Yard Leads & World's Fair Connection". LTV Squad. 2015-12-02. Retrieved 2016-07-03. 
  43. ^ "Facts and Figures: Weekday Ridership". mta.info. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 

External links[edit]