76 mm mountain gun M1909

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Canon de76M(montagne) modele 1909 Schneider
76-mm mountain cannon model 1909 Schneider system 2.jpg
Russian Model 1909 mountain gun
Type Mountain gun
Place of origin France
Service history
Used by Russian Empire, France, Greece, USSR, Finland, Nazi Germany
Wars World War I, World War II
Production history
Designer Panagiotis Danglis
Manufacturer Obukhov plant
Schneider et Cie
Produced 1909
No. built 2,060 Obukhov plant 1909-1938, 48 Schneider et Cie
Variants 3-inch counter-assault gun M1910, 3-inch "short" gun M1913
Weight transport: 1,225 kg (2,701 lbs)
combat: 627 kg (1,382 lbs)
Barrel length 1.25 m (4 ft 1 in) L/16.5[1]

Shell 76.2 × 191 mm R
Shell weight 6.23 kg (13 lb 12 oz)
Caliber 76.2 mm (3 in)
Carriage Box-trail
Elevation -6° to +28°
Traverse 50°[1]
Muzzle velocity 387 m/s (1,270 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 8,550 m (9,350 yds)[1]

The Canon de 76 M(montagne) modele 1909 Schneider (76 mm mle.09) was a mountain gun manufactured by a French company, Schneider. An earlier version, the 75 mm Schneider-Danglis 06/09 had been designed, in 1906, by a Greek officer (Colonel Danglis), who designed it as a 75 mm gun. This gun was used by Greece who, by 1939, had sold 40 of these guns to Finland, where it was known as the 75 LK 13.

In 1909, the revised 76.2 mm gun was produced for Russia, which wanted to replace the low-powered 3-inch mountain gun M1904 designed by Obukhov plant. The Russians designated this as the 76 mm mountain gun M1909 (76-09) and developed several modifications (fortress 3-inch counter-assault gun M1910 and "short" gun M1913, 76 LK 10 and 76 LK 13 in Finnish service). In 1941, the Germans captured a number of 76-09s, which they referred to as 7.62 cm GebK 293(r). The guns were sometimes equipped with an armoured shield.

Museum examples[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Chamberlain, Peter (1975). Infantry, mountain, and airborne guns. Gander, Terry. New York: Arco. p. 4. ISBN 0668038195. OCLC 2067391.
  2. ^ Armata górska wz. 1909 kal. 76,2 mm (pl)