76th Fighter Squadron
|76th Fighter Squadron|
|Active||17 December 1941–present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Engagements||World War II
|76th Fighter Squadron emblem (approved 1 August 2000)|
|Patch with 76th Fighter Squadron emblem (approved 24 July 1944)|
World War II
The history of the 76th dates to the earliest days of World War II. During the summer of 1941, Claire Lee Chennault formed a small group of American pilots into three fighter squadrons, the American Volunteer Group, of the Chinese Air Force. The unit immediately garnered international attention for their combat successes while defending China and Burma, and they became known as the "Flying Tigers." Some members of the AVG joined or rejoined the United States Air Force after the AVG was disbanded.
The 76th squadron remained in combat in the China-Burma-India (CBI) Theater from 18 July 1942 to 11 August 1945, earning a Distinguished Unit Citation for missions in China in June 1944.
After World War II, the squadron performed air defense intercept operations in Guam, 1946–1949, in Panama, 1949, and at various bases in the eastern United States, 1955-1963.
By 1960 the squadron was stationed at McCoy Air Force Base, Florida. In 1960, "in order to position its diminishing interceptor force as nearly astride enemy approaches as possible", Air Defense Command received approval to move the squadron from McCoy to Westover Air Force Base in Massachusetts. It disposed of its Northrop F-89 Scorpions by the end of 1960. Between February and April 1961, the squadron had re-equipped with Convair F-102 Delta Daggers. Following the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Air Force decided to station a full squadron of interceptors at Homestead Air Force Base, Florida. This squadron was to be equipped with F-104A Starfighters, but the Air Force had transferred all its F-104 interceptors to the Air National Guard. F-104s were withdrawn from the 159th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron of the South Carolina Air National Guard and sent to Homestead. In turn, the F-102s at Westover were used to re-equip the 159th and the 76th was inactivated.
Space Operations era
Lessons from Desert Storm on space power convinced Air Force leaders to reactivate the squadron as the 76th Space Operations Squadron in December 1995. The squadron was activated at the National Test Facility at Falcon Air Force Base, Colorado as a component of the 14th Air Force on 1 December 1995.
The mission of the 76th SOPS was to assist air component commanders in understanding and applying space systems in support of air operations. The unit's aim was to ensure that command and control, communications, weather, navigation, and other space assets were used to most effectively multiply US and allied combat forces capabilities against an adversary.
The 76th deployed Air Force Space Support Teams to bring "space expertise" to expeditionary air forces and air operations centers around the world. Over their tenure, the 76th Space Operations Squadron deployed to make significant contributions during Operation Joint Endeavor, Operation Deny Flight, Operation Desert Fox, Operation Desert Thunder, and Operation Allied Force. It was inactivated in 2008 and its place taken by a newly constituted unit with the same designation in preparation for
Reborn Fighter Squadron
In 2009, the squadron was redesignated 76th Fighter Squadron and moved to Moody Air Force Base, Georgia, while
- Constituted as 76th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 17 December 1941
- Redesignated 76th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
- Activated on 4 July 1942
- Redesignated 76th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine on 28 February 1944
- Inactivated on 5 January 1946
- Activated on 10 October 1946
- Redesignated 76th Fighter Squadron, Jet on 3 May 1949
- Inactivated on 24 September 1949
- Redesignated 76th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 20 June 1955
- Activated on 18 August 1955
- Discontinued and inactivated, on 1 July 1963
- Redesignated 76th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 18 May 1972
- Activated on 1 October 1972
- Redesignated 76th Fighter Squadron on 1 November 1991
- Inactivated on 29 May 1992
- Redesignated 76th Space Operations Squadron on 21 November 1995
- Activated on 1 December 1995
- Inactivated on 21 January 2001
- Redesignated 76th Space Control Squadron and activated on 22 January 2001
- Inactivated on 22 January 2008
- Redesignated 76th Fighter Squadron on 6 January 2009
- Activated on 1 February 2009
- 23d Fighter Group, 4 July 1942 – 5 January 1946
- 23d Fighter Group, 10 October 1946 – 24 September 1949
- 23d Fighter Group, 18 August 1955
- 35th Air Division, 9 November 1957
- 32d Air Division, 15 November 1958
- Boston Air Defense Sector, 1 February 1961 – 1 July 1963
- 23d Tactical Fighter (later, 23 Fighter) Wing, 1 October 1972 – 29 May 1992
- Fourteenth Air Force, 1 December 1995
- 614th Space Operations Group, 28 August 1998
- 21st Operations Group, 31 March 2000 – 21 January 2001
- 21st Operations Group, 22 January 2001 – 22 January 2008
- 476th Fighter Group, 1 February 2009 – present
- Robertson, Patsy (October 23, 2009). "Factsheet 76 Fighter Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 274–275
- Rossi, J.R. (1998). "History: The Flying Tigers - American Volunteer Group - Chinese Air Force". AVG.
- Rossi, J.R. "Older biography". The Flying Tigers - American Volunteer Group - Chinese Air Force.
- Rossi, J.R. "Adair biography". The Flying Tigers - American Volunteer Group - Chinese Air Force.
- Rossi, J.R. "Bailey biography". The Flying Tigers - American Volunteer Group - Chinese Air Force.
- McMullen, pp. 2-3
- McMullen, pp. 17, 42
- Space Tactics Bulletin, Vol 3, Issue 1, Winter 1995
- Haulman, Daniel L. (July 10, 2009). "Factsheet 76th Space Control Squadron (AFSPC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 274–275. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- McMullen, Richard F. (1964) The Fighter Interceptor Force 1962-1964, ADC Historical Study No. 27 (Confidential, declassified 22 March 2000)
- Rossi, J.R. "AVG American Volunteer Group - Flying Tigers".
- See Also
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
- "ADCOM's Fighter Interceptor Squadrons". The Interceptor. Aerospace Defense Command. Vol. 21 (No. 1): 5–11, 26–31, 40–45, 54–59. January 1979.