76th New York State Legislature
|76th New York State Legislature|
The Old State Capitol (1879)
|Jurisdiction||New York, United States|
|Term||January 1 – December 31, 1853|
|President||Lt. Gov. Sanford E. Church (D)|
|Temporary President||William McMurray (D), from January 19;
Edwin D. Morgan (W), from July 21
|Party control||split (16-16)|
|Speaker||William H. Ludlow (D)|
|Party control||Democratic (87-41)|
The 76th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 4 to July 21, 1853, during the first year of Horatio Seymour's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators were elected in single-seat senatorial districts for a two-year term, the whole Senate being renewed biennially. The senatorial districts (except those in New York City) were made up of entire counties. 128 Assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts to a one-year term, the whole Assembly being renewed annually. The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all in the same county. The City and County of New York was divided into four senatorial districts, and 16 Assembly districts.
The New York state election, 1852 was held on November 2. Horatio Seymour (D) was elected Governor, defeating the incumbent Washington Hunt (W). Lt. Gov. Sanford E. Church (D) was re-elected. The other two statewide elective offices up for election were also carried by the Democrats.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 4, 1853; and adjourned on April 13.
William H. Ludlow (D) was elected Speaker with 85 votes against 39 for Jeremiah Ellsworth (W). John S. Nafew (D) was elected Clerk of the Assembly with 86 votes against 40 for the incumbent Richard U. Sherman (W).
On January 19, William McMurray (D) was elected President pro tempore of the Senate.
On April 13, Governor Horatio Seymour called a special session of the Legislature, to conclude the unfinished business of the regular session.
On April 14, the Legislature met for a special session; and adjourned on April 15.
On May 24, the Legislature met for another special session; and adjourned on July 21.
On July 1, Russell Smith (D) was elected Speaker pro tempore, to preside over the Assembly during the absence of Speaker Ludlow.
On July 8, the Assembly impeached Canal Commissioner John C. Mather.
On July 21, near the end of the session, Edwin D. Morgan (W) was elected President pro tempore of the Senate.
On July 27, the New York Court for the Trial of Impeachments (consisting of the State Senate and the New York Court of Appeals), met at Albany, for the first time in State history. Assemblymen Marshall B. Champlain, Arphaxed Loomis, John McBurney, Solomon B. Noble (all four Democrats), Orlando Hastings, Walter L. Sessions and Daniel P. Wood (all three Whigs) appeared as the Managers to prosecute the impeachment. Congressman Rufus W. Peckham (D) appeared for the Defence. After organizing, the Court adjourned.
On August 16, the Impeachment Court met for the trial which lasted until September 16 when Mather was acquitted.
- 1st District: Queens, Richmond and Suffolk counties
- 2nd District: Kings County
- 3rd District: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th wards of New York City
- 4th District: 7th, 10th, 13th and 17th wards of New York City
- 5th District: 8th, 9th and 14th wards of New York City
- 6th District: 11th, 12th, 15th, 16th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st and 22nd wards of New York City
- 7th District: Putnam, Rockland and Westchester counties
- 8th District: Columbia and Dutchess counties
- 9th District: Orange and Sullivan counties
- 10th District: Greene and Ulster counties
- 11th District: Albany and Schenectady counties
- 12th District: Rensselaer County
- 13th District: Saratoga and Washington counties
- 14th District: Clinton, Essex and Warren counties
- 15th District: Franklin and St. Lawrence counties
- 16th District: Fulton, Hamilton, Herkimer and Montgomery counties
- 17th District: Delaware and Schoharie counties
- 18th District: Chenango and Otsego counties
- 19th District: Oneida County
- 20th District: Madison and Oswego counties
- 21st District: Jefferson and Lewis counties
- 22nd District: Onondaga County
- 23rd District: Broome, Cortland and Tioga counties
- 24th District: Cayuga and Wayne counties
- 25th District: Seneca, Tompkins and Yates counties
- 26th District: Chemung and Steuben counties
- 27th District: Monroe County
- 28th District: Genesee, Niagara and Orleans counties
- 29th District: Livingston and Ontario counties
- 30th District: Allegany and Wyoming counties
- 31st District: Erie County
- 32nd District: Cattaraugus and Chautauqua counties
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.
|1st||James E. Cooley*||Democrat|
|3rd||William McMurray*||Democrat||on January 19, elected President pro tempore|
|5th||James W. Beekman*||Whig|
|6th||Edwin D. Morgan*||Whig||on July 21, elected President pro tempore|
|7th||Abraham B. Conger*||Democrat|
|8th||John H. Otis*||Democrat|
|10th||George T. Pierce*||Democrat|
|12th||William H. Van Schoonhoven*||Whig|
|13th||Dan S. Wright*||Whig|
|14th||Eli W. Rogers*||Democrat|
|15th||Henry B. Smith*||Democrat|
|17th||Henry E. Bartlett*||Democrat|
|19th||Benjamin N. Huntington*||Whig|
|25th||Josiah B. Williams*||Whig|
|26th||Francis R. E. Cornell*||Democrat|
|27th||Micajah W. Kirby*||Democrat|
|28th||Alonzo S. Upham*||Whig|
|29th||Myron H. Clark*||Whig|
|30th||John A. McElwain*||Whig||also Treasurer of Wyoming Co.|
|31st||George R. Babcock*||Whig|
- Clerk: Ira P. Barnes
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Charles Lee
- Doorkeeper: A. N. Beardsley
- Assistant Doorkeeper: George Read
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
Party affiliations follow the vote on Speaker.
- Clerk: John S. Nafew
- Sergeant-at-Arms: John P. Phelps
- Doorkeeper: George D. Wooldridge
- First Assistant Doorkeeper: Hugh Clary
- Second Assistant Doorkeeper: S. A. Brown
- COURT OF IMPEACHMENT, Trial of John C. Mather, Canal Commissioner, for High Crimes and Misdemeanors in NYT on July 28, 1853
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858) [pg. 109 for Senate districts; pg. 137 for senators; pg. 148–157 for Assembly districts; pg. 244ff for assemblymen]
- Journal of the Senate (76th Session) (1853)
- Journal of the Assembly (76th Session) (1853; Vol. I)
- Journal of the Assembly (76th Session) (1853; Vol. II)
- The State Government for 1853 in NYT on January 5, 1853