770s

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Millennium: 1st millennium
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Events[edit]

770


By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Abbasid Caliphate[edit]
Asia[edit]

771


By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]


772

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

773


By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Abbasid Caliphate[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Ecology[edit]


774

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
  • Battle of Berzitia: The Bulgarian ruler (khagan) Telerig sends a small raiding army (12,000 men) to strike into the southwest of Macedonia, and capture Berzitia. Emperor Constantine V is informed about this raid by his spies in Pliska, and assembles an enormous force (80,000 men). He surprises the Bulgarians, who did not expect to find a Byzantine army there, and defeats them with heavy losses.
  • Telerig sends a message to Constantine V, stating that he is going to flee in exile to Constantinople. In exchange, he asks the emperor to reveal the spies to his associates in Pliska for their own safety. Constantine sends the Bulgarian government a list of the spies; however, Telerig executes them all, and eliminates the Byzantine spy network within his government.[11]
Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]

By topic[edit]

Astronomy[edit]
  • A 1.2% growth of carbon-14 concentration recorded in tree rings suggests that a very strong solar storm may have hit the earth in either 774 or 775. A team of german scientists believes it was instead caused by a gamma ray burst, which thankfully took place far away enough from the Sun to spare the earth's biosphere and not trigger a mass extinction event.[13]


775


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
  • Saxon Wars: King Charlemagne holds a major assembly at Quierzy (Northern France). He leads an Frankish army into Saxony to retake the castrum of Syburg (near Dortmund), then rebuilds and garrisons fortified Eresburg. He reaches the Weser at a place called Braunsberg, where the Saxons stand for battle, but are defeated when Frankish troops cross the river.[14]
  • Westphalian Saxons, probably commanded by Widukind, cross the Weser and fight an inconclusive battle at Hlidbeck (modern-day Lübbecke). Charlemagne claims victory, but perhaps in reality suffers a setback. He reunites his forces and inflicts a real defeat upon the Saxons, seizing considerable booty and taking hostages, though Widukind escapes.[15]
  • Autumn – Charlemagne retakes the Hellweg (main corridor) along the Lippe Valley, establishing communications between Austrasia, Hesse and Thuringia. It is used as a trade route under Frankish supervision.[16]
  • The German city of Giessen (Hesse) is founded.
Africa[edit]
Arabian Empire[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Astronomy[edit]

776

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]


777


By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Africa[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

778

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
  • Unrest in Northumbria leads to King Æthelred I ordering the execution of three of his dukes. This considerably weakens his position (approximate date).

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

779


By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Britain[edit]
Asia[edit]
  • March, days unknown - In Silla, There were Mag. 6.7~7.0 earthquake with the maximum speculated intensity of IX in Gyeongju City. More than 100 people died by this earthquake.


Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McKitterick, Rosamond, Charlemagne: The Formation of a European Identity (2008), p. 84
  2. ^ "Cathwulf, Kingship, and the Royal Abbey of Saint-Denis", by Joanna Story, Speculum
  3. ^ Simon of Durham. Historia Regum. Ch. 47
  4. ^ Simeon of Durham's. History of the Kings, p. 450
  5. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, pp. 12–13. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  6. ^ Moshe Gil, A History of Palestine 634-1099, Cambridge University Press, 1992, pp. 473-476 (cited in FrontPage Magazine)
  7. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 14. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  8. ^ "The History Of Zero". Yale Global. April 25, 2009. Archived from the original on August 25, 2016. 
  9. ^ Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
  10. ^ Liu, Y; Zhang, ZF; Peng, ZC; Ling, MX; Shen, CC; Liu, WG; Sun, XC; Shen, CD; Liu, KX; Sun, W (2014). "Mysterious abrupt carbon-14 increase in coral contributed by a comet". Sci Rep. 4: 3728. PMC 3893640Freely accessible. PMID 24430984. doi:10.1038/srep03728. 
  11. ^ John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: "A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century", p. 77. ISBN 978-0-472-08149-3
  12. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 14. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  13. ^ Richard A. Lovett, "Mysterious radiation burst recorded in tree rings", Nature, 3 June 2012 doi:10.1038/nature.2012.10768
  14. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5.
  15. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 15. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5.
  16. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 12. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5.
  17. ^ Gilbert Meynier (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; p. 26.
  18. ^ "Largest Cities Through History". About.com Geography. 
  19. ^ Bagchi, Jhunu (1993). The History and Culture of the Pālas of Bengal and Bihar, cir 750 A.D. - 1200 A.D. ISBN 978-81-7017-301-4.
  20. ^ "Mysterious radiation burst recorded in tree rings". Nature News & Comment. 
  21. ^ The Chronicle of Theophanes Anni Mundi 6095–6305 (A.D. 602–813): Tr. Harry Turtledove (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982), p. 137
  22. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 15. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  23. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, pp. 15–16. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  24. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 12. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5.
  25. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 16. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5.
  26. ^ Treadgold 1997, p. 369
  27. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 12. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  28. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 17. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5
  29. ^ David Nicolle (2014). The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785, p. 17. ISBN 978-1-78200-825-5.