|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|77 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||77 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||677|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXXIII dynasty, 247|
|- Pharaoh||Ptolemy XII Auletes, 4|
|Ancient Greek era||175th Olympiad, year 4|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)|
2620 or 2560
— to —
甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
2621 or 2561
|Coptic calendar||−360 – −359|
|Ethiopian calendar||−84 – −83|
|- Vikram Samvat||−20 – −19|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||3024–3025|
|Iranian calendar||698 BP – 697 BP|
|Islamic calendar||719 BH – 718 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1988 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||235/236 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||466–467|
50 or −331 or −1103
— to —
51 or −330 or −1102
Year 77 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Brutus and Lepidus. Later and less frequently, it was known as the year 677 AUC). The denomination 77 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, Roman consul and leader of the democratic party, is defeated by Quintus Lutatius Catulus outside Rome. The remnants of the rebels are wiped out by Gnaeus Pompeius in Etruria.
- Lepidus, with some 21,000 troops, manages to escape to Sardinia. Soon afterwards he becomes ill and dies, his battered army, now under command by Marcus Perperna, sails on to the Iberian Peninsula.
- Pompeius marches along the Via Domitia through Gallia Narbonensis crossing the Pyrenees to Spain. He joins with Quintus Metellus Pius to suppress the revolt of Quintus Sertorius, but is at first unsuccessful.
- The city of Tigranakert of Artsakh is built.
- Berenice IV Epiphaneia, Greek princess and queen of the Ptolemaic Kingdom (d. 55 BC)
- Liu Xiang, Chinese scholar, editor of the Shan Hai Jing, compilator of the Lienü zhuan, and father of Liu Xin (d. 6 BC)
- Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, Roman statesman and consul (b. 120 BC)
- Tian Qianqiu, Chinese politician and prime minister
- Titus Quinctius Atta, Roman comedy writer
- Vattagamani Abhaya, king of Sri Lanka