784th Bombardment Squadron

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784th Tactical Air Support Training Squadron
B-24J-180-CO Liberator.jpg
Active1943-1945; 1964
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Rolestrategic bombardment
EngagementsEuropean Theater of Operations
Insignia
784th Bombardment Squadron emblem[1]784 Bombardment Sq emblem.png

The 784th Bombardment Squadron is the most distinguished predecessor of the 784th Tactical Air Support Training Squadron. It was organized in August 1943 as a heavy bomber unit. After training in the United States with Consolidated B-24 Liberators, the 784th moved to England, where it participated in the strategic bombing campaign against Germany. Following V-E Day, it returned to the United States, where it began training with Boeing B-29 Superfortresses, but was inactivated in October 1945.

The unit's second predecessor is the 784th Tactical Fighter Squadron, which was briefly active at George Air Force Base, California in 1964. The two squadrons were consolidated in September 1985, but the consolidated unit has not been active.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Training in the United States[edit]

The 784th Bombardment Squadron was activated at Alamogordo Army Air Field on 1 August 1943 as one of the four original squadrons of the 466th Bombardment Group. After training there with Consolidated B-24 Liberators, the squadron departed for the European Theater of Operations in February 1944.[2][3] The ground echelon proceeded to the Port of Embarkation for transport to Europe by ship, while the air echelon ferried their Liberators via the South Atlantic Ferry route.[4]

Combat in Europe[edit]

The squadron arrived at its combat station, RAF Attlebridge in England in March 1944. It flew its first combat mission on 22 March in an attack on Berlin, Germany. It engaged primarily in the strategic bombing campaign against Germany, with targets that included oil refineries and facilities at Bohlen and Misburg, marshalling yards at Liege and Saarbrucken, factories at Brunswick, Kempten and Eisenach, repair facilities at Reims, mining facilities near Hamburg and airfields at Saint-Trond and Chartres.[3]

The squadron also flew air support and air interdiction missions. It attacked pillboxes in Normandy on D-Day to support Operation Overlord and performed interdiction missions against targets beyond the beachhead in the following days. During Operation Cobra, the breakout at Saint Lo in July, it bombed German positions in the city. It attacked lines of communication during the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944 and January 1945. On 24 March, it supported Operation Varsity, the airborne assault across the Rhine by attacking a military air base at Nordhorn. The squadron's last mission of the war was flown on 25 April 1945 against electrical facilities at Traunstein.[3]

Return to the United States and inactivation[edit]

Following V-E Day, the squadron returned to the United States. The air echelon began flying their B-24s back to the United States in the middle of June, while the ground echelon sailed aboard the RMS Queen Mary on 6 July.[4] The squadron reassembled at Sioux Falls Army Air Field, South Dakota in late July 1945. In August, the squadron moved to Davis-Monthan Field, Arizona to begin training with the Boeing B-29 Superfortress. However, with the surrender of Japan, the squadron was inactivated in October as Davis-Monthan transitioned from a training base to a storage facility.[2][3][5]

Tactical fighter training[edit]

An F-4 at George AFB

The squadron's other predecessor, the 784th Tactical Fighter Squadron, was activated at George Air Force Base, California in April 1964 as an element of the 32d Tactical Fighter Wing. The unit began training with the McDonnell F-4 Phantom II, when the Air Force decided to replace the 32d Wing with the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing,[6] which moved on paper to George from Japan.[7] The squadron inactivated and its personnel and equipment were transferred to the 68th Tactical Fighter Squadron.[8]

The two squadrons were consolidated as the 784th Tactical Air Support Training Squadron on 19 September 1985.[9]

Lineage[edit]

784th Bombardment Squadron
  • Constituted as the 784th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 19 May 1943
Activated on 1 August 1943
Redesignated 784th Bombardment Squadron, Heavy in 1944
Redesignated 784th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy on 5 August 1945
Inactivated on 17 October 1945[2]
  • Consolidated with the 784th Tactical Fighter Squadron as the 784th Tactical Air Support Training Squadron on 19 September 1985[9]
784th Tactical Air Support Training Squadron
  • Constituted as the 784th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 6 April 1964[10]
Activated on 1 April 1964
Inactivated on 25 July 1964[11]
  • Consolidated with the 784th Bombardment Squadron as the 784th Tactical Air Support Training Squadron on 19 September 1985[9]

Assignments[edit]

  • 466th Bombardment Group, 1 August 1943 – 17 October 1945[2]
  • 32d Tactical Fighter Wing, 1 April–25 July 1964[6]

Stations[edit]

  • Alamogordo Army Air Field, New Mexico, 1 August 1943
  • Kearns Army Air Base, Utah 31 August 1943
  • Alamogordo Army Air Field, New Mexico, 24 November 1943 – 10 February 1944
  • RAF Attlebridge (AAF-120),[12] England 9 March 1944 – c. 6 July 1945
  • Sioux Falls Army Air Field, South Dakota, 15 July 1945
  • Pueblo Army Air Base, Colorado, 25 July 1945
  • Davis-Monthan Field, Arizona, 26 August–17 October 1945[13]
  • George Air Force Base, California, 1 April–25 July 1964[14]

Aircraft[edit]

  • Consolidated B-24 Liberator, 1943–1945[2]
  • Boeing B-29 Superfortress, 1945[2]
  • McDonnell F-4 Phantom II, 1964[6]

Campaigns[edit]

Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Air Offensive, Europe 9 March 1944 – 5 June 1944 784th Bombardment Squadron[2]
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Air Combat, EAME Theater 9 March 1944 – 11 May 1945 784th Bombardment Squadron[2]
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Normandy 6 June 1944 – 24 July 1944 784th Bombardment Squadron[2]
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Northern France 25 July 1944 – 14 September 1944 784th Bombardment Squadron[2]
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Rhineland 15 September 1944 – 21 March 1945 784th Bombardment Squadron[2]
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Ardennes-Alsace 16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945 784th Bombardment Squadron[2]
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png Central Europe 22 March 1944 – 21 May 1945 784th Bombardment Squadron[2]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ Aircraft is Consolidated B-24J-180-CO Liberator, serial 44-40807
Citations
  1. ^ Watkins pp. 104-105
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 754-755
  3. ^ a b c d Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 341-342
  4. ^ a b Freeman, p. 259
  5. ^ Mueller, p. 99
  6. ^ a b c Ravenstein, p. 57
  7. ^ Ravenstein, pp. 20-22
  8. ^ "Factsheet 68 Fighter Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  9. ^ a b c Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 662q, 19 September 85, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Tactical Squadrons
  10. ^ AFOMO Letter 190n, 6 April 1964, Subject: Organization of the Headquarters, 32d Tactical Fighter Wing and Certain Other USAF Unit Actions
  11. ^ See Mueller, p. 192 (dates squadron and 32d Wing at George AFB); Ravenstein, p. 57 (dates squadron assigned to 32d Wing).
  12. ^ Station number in Anderson.
  13. ^ Station information through 1945 in Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 754-755, except as noted.
  14. ^ Mueller, p. 192

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.