|Centuries:||7th century – 8th century – 9th century|
|Decades:||750s 760s 770s – 780s – 790s 800s 810s|
|Years:||784 785 786 – 787 – 788 789 790|
|787 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1540|
|Chinese calendar||丙寅年 (Fire Tiger)
3483 or 3423
— to —
丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)
3484 or 3424
|- Vikram Samvat||843–844|
|- Shaka Samvat||709–710|
|- Kali Yuga||3888–3889|
|Japanese calendar||Enryaku 6
|Minguo calendar||1125 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1098/1099 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1329–1330|
Year 787 (DCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 787 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Empress Irene sends an Byzantine expeditionary army to invade southern Italy, but is defeated and driven out at pope Adrian's urging by the Frankish army allied with the forces of Benevento. She breaks off the engagement (see 782) between her son Constantine VI and the Frankish princess Rotrude, daughter of king Charlemagne.
- August 26 – Arechis II, autonomous prince (or duke) of Benevento, dies. Grimoald III, taken hostage by the Franks, succeeds his father as ruler of Benevento.
- Maurizio Galbaio, doge of Venice, dies after a 22-year reign and is succeeded by his son Giovanni. He begins a vendetta against the patriarch of Grado (Italy).
- The Viking raid on Portland in Dorset is the first of its kind recorded in the British Isles, including Ireland. The reeve of Dorchester (a local high-ranking official) went to greet them after they landed, perhaps accustomed to welcoming Scandinavian merchants. He is killed. Viking attacks increase in intensity over the coming decades.
- Kings Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex call the Synod of Chelsea in Kent, which is attended by the Papal legates. There, Offa persuades the Papacy to grant Archiepiscopal status to the Mercian See of Lichfield. In order to secure the royal succession, he has Hygeberht crown his son Ecgfrith, king of Mercia at Brixworth.
- After over 25 years of bloody conflict, the Abbasid army reconquers the whole of Maghreb (North Africa).
- Second Council of Nicaea: Empress Irene restores the veneration of icons (images of Christ and saints). This is a major victory of the monks, who will advance extensive claims to complete freedom for the Eastern Orthodox Church in religious matters. End of the iconoclastic period in the Byzantine Empire.
- Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi, scholar and astrologer (approximate date)
- Li Deyu, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty (d. 850)
- Muhammad ibn Harun al-Amin, Muslim caliph (d. 813)
- August 26 – Arechis II, duke of Benevento
- Hyecho, Korean Buddhist monk (b. 704)
- Maurizio Galbaio, doge of Venice
- Willibald, bishop of Eichstätt (approximate date)
- Rees, Rosemary (2002). The Vikings. Heinemann. p. 45. ISBN 9781403401007.
- Sprague, Martina (2007). Norse Warfare: The Unconventional Battle Strategies of the Ancient Vikings. Hippocrene. p. 10. ISBN 9780781811767.
- Wales, Katie (2006). Northern English: A Social and Cultural History. Cambridge UP. p. 53. ISBN 9781139457057.
- Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.25.
- "Introduction to Astronomy, Containing the Eight Divided Books of Abu Ma'shar Abalachus". World Digital Library. 1506. Retrieved 2013-07-15.