78th meridian east

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Line across the Earth
78°
78th meridian east
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML

The meridian 78° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 78th meridian east forms a great circle with the 102nd meridian west.

From Pole to Pole[edit]

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 78th meridian east passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N 78°0′E / 90.000°N 78.000°E / 90.000; 78.000 (Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean
81°7′N 78°0′E / 81.117°N 78.000°E / 81.117; 78.000 (Kara Sea) Kara Sea Passing just east of Vize Island, Krasnoyarsk Krai,  Russia
72°35′N 78°0′E / 72.583°N 78.000°E / 72.583; 78.000 (Russia)  Russia Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous OkrugOleniy Island and Gydan Peninsula
72°6′N 78°0′E / 72.100°N 78.000°E / 72.100; 78.000 (Yuratski Bay) Yuratski Bay
71°51′N 78°0′E / 71.850°N 78.000°E / 71.850; 78.000 (Russia)  Russia Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous OkrugGydan Peninsula
71°15′N 78°0′E / 71.250°N 78.000°E / 71.250; 78.000 (Khalmyer Bay) Khalmyer Bay
70°56′N 78°0′E / 70.933°N 78.000°E / 70.933; 78.000 (Russia)  Russia Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous OkrugGydan Peninsula
68°22′N 78°0′E / 68.367°N 78.000°E / 68.367; 78.000 (Taz Estuary) Taz Estuary
68°13′N 78°0′E / 68.217°N 78.000°E / 68.217; 78.000 (Russia)  Russia Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous OkrugGydan Peninsula
67°40′N 78°0′E / 67.667°N 78.000°E / 67.667; 78.000 (Taz Estuary) Taz Estuary
67°31′N 78°0′E / 67.517°N 78.000°E / 67.517; 78.000 (Russia)  Russia Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — from 62°30′N 78°0′E / 62.500°N 78.000°E / 62.500; 78.000 (Khanti-Mansi Autonomous Okrug)
Tomsk Oblast — from 60°45′N 78°0′E / 60.750°N 78.000°E / 60.750; 78.000 (Tomsk Oblast)
Novosibirsk Oblast — from 57°10′N 78°0′E / 57.167°N 78.000°E / 57.167; 78.000 (Novosibirsk Oblast)
Altai Krai — from 53°35′N 78°0′E / 53.583°N 78.000°E / 53.583; 78.000 (Altai Krai)
53°11′N 78°0′E / 53.183°N 78.000°E / 53.183; 78.000 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan Pavlodar Region

East Kazakhstan Region

Almaty Region passing through Lake Balkhash

42°52′N 78°0′E / 42.867°N 78.000°E / 42.867; 78.000 (Kyrgyzstan)  Kyrgyzstan Issyk-Kul Region passing through Issyk Kul lake
41°4′N 78°0′E / 41.067°N 78.000°E / 41.067; 78.000 (China)  People's Republic of China Xinjiang
35°35′N 78°0′E / 35.583°N 78.000°E / 35.583; 78.000 (Aksai Chin) Aksai Chin Disputed between  India and  People's Republic of China - for about 11 km
35°29′N 78°0′E / 35.483°N 78.000°E / 35.483; 78.000 (India)  India Ladakh — claimed by  Pakistan
Himachal Pradesh — from 32°37′N 78°0′E / 32.617°N 78.000°E / 32.617; 78.000 (Himachal Pradesh)
Uttarakhand — from 31°10′N 78°0′E / 31.167°N 78.000°E / 31.167; 78.000 (Uttarakhand)
Uttar Pradesh — from 29°34′N 78°0′E / 29.567°N 78.000°E / 29.567; 78.000 (Uttar Pradesh), passing through Agra
Rajasthan — from 26°55′N 78°0′E / 26.917°N 78.000°E / 26.917; 78.000 (Rajashtan)
Madhya Pradesh — from 26°42′N 78°0′E / 26.700°N 78.000°E / 26.700; 78.000 (Madhya Pradesh)
Maharashtra — from 21°25′N 78°0′E / 21.417°N 78.000°E / 21.417; 78.000 (Maharashtra)
Telangana — from 19°18′N 78°0′E / 19.300°N 78.000°E / 19.300; 78.000 (Telangana)
Andhra Pradesh — from 15°52′N 78°0′E / 15.867°N 78.000°E / 15.867; 78.000 (Andhra Pradesh)
Karnataka — from 13°52′N 78°0′E / 13.867°N 78.000°E / 13.867; 78.000 (Karnataka)
Tamil Nadu — from 12°48′N 78°0′E / 12.800°N 78.000°E / 12.800; 78.000 (Tamil Nadu), passing 8 km west of Madurai
8°20′N 78°0′E / 8.333°N 78.000°E / 8.333; 78.000 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean
60°0′S 78°0′E / 60.000°S 78.000°E / -60.000; 78.000 (Southern Ocean) Southern Ocean
69°7′S 78°0′E / 69.117°S 78.000°E / -69.117; 78.000 (Antarctica) Antarctica Australian Antarctic Territory, claimed by  Australia

See also[edit]