78th parallel north
The 78th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 78 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane, in the Arctic. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, Europe, Asia, the Arctic Ocean and North America. It is the southernmost integral parallel north that does not pass through any continental mainland (being slightly to the north of Cape Chelyuskin).
Around the world
Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 78° north passes through:
Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes Atlantic Ocean Greenland Sea Norway Svalbard - island of Spitsbergen Storfjorden Norway Svalbard - island of Edgeøya Barents Sea Kara Sea Russia Severnaya Zemlya - Bolshevik Island Kara Sea Laptev Sea Passing just south of Maly Taymyr Island, Russia Arctic Ocean Canada Northwest Territories - Brock Island Wilkins Strait Canada Northwest Territories - Mackenzie King Island
Nunavut - Mackenzie King Island
Prince Gustav Adolf Sea Maclean Strait Danish Strait Passing just north of King Christian Island, Nunavut, Canada Canada Nunavut - Ellef Ringnes Island Hassel Sound Canada Nunavut - Amund Ringnes Island Norwegian Bay Baumann Fiord Canada Nunavut - Ellesmere Island Nares Strait Greenland Kavigarssuk Greenland Søndre Mellemland Atlantic Ocean Greenland Sea