79 Ceti

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79 Ceti
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Cetus
Right ascension  02h 35m 19.9293s[1]
Declination −03° 33′ 38.1707″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +6.83[2]
Spectral type G2V[3] or G8IV[4]
B−V color index 0.670±0.004[2]
Variable type none
Radial velocity (Rv)−50.93±0.09[2] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −155.58[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −437.99[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)26.4360 ± 0.0580[1] mas
Distance123.4 ± 0.3 ly
(37.83 ± 0.08 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)+3.88[2]
Mass1.057 M
Radius1.48[6] R
Luminosity1.99±0.04 L
Surface gravity (log g)4.19±0.02 cgs
Temperature5,806±17 K
Metallicity [Fe/H]+0.16±0.01[5] dex
Age6.0[7] or 9.4±0.8[2] Gyr
Other designations
79 Cet, BD−04°426, FK5 4237, GJ 9085, HD 16141, HIP 12048, SAO 129992, WDS J02353-0334A[8]
Database references

79 Ceti, also known as HD 16141, is a star located 123[1] light-years from the Sun in the southern constellation of Cetus. It has an apparent visual magnitude of +6.83,[2] which puts it below the normal limit for visibility with the average naked eye. The star is drifting closer to the Earth with a heliocentric radial velocity of −51 km/s.[2]

Harlan (1974) assigned this star a stellar classification of G2V,[3] matching an ordinary G-type main-sequence star that is undergoing core hydrogen fusion. However, Houk and Swift (1999) found a class of G8IV,[4] which suggests it has exhausted the supply of hydrogen at its core and begun to evolve off the main sequence. Eventually the outer layers of the star will expand and cool and the star will become a red giant. Estimates of the star's age range from 6.0[7] to 9.4 billion years old. It has an estimated 1.06 times the mass of the Sun and 1.48[6] times the Sun's radius. The star is radiating twice[5] luminosity of the Sun from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 5,806 K.[5]

Planetary system[edit]

On March 29, 2000, a planet orbiting this star was announced, it was discovered using the radial velocity method.[9] This object has a minimum 0.26 times the mass of Jupiter and is orbiting its host star every 75.5 days.[10]

The 79 Ceti planetary system[11]
(in order from star)
Mass Semimajor axis
Orbital period
Eccentricity Inclination Radius
b ≥0.260 ± 0.028 MJ 0.363 ± 0.021 75.523 ± 0.055 0.252 ± 0.052

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012). "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation". Astronomy Letters. 38 (5): 331. arXiv:1108.4971. Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A. doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015.
  3. ^ a b Harlan, E. A. (June 1974). "MK classification for F- and G-type stars. III". Astronomical Journal. 79: 682–686. Bibcode:1974AJ.....79..682H. doi:10.1086/111597.
  4. ^ a b Houk, N.; Swift, C. (1999). "Michigan catalogue of two-dimensional spectral types for the HD Stars". Michigan Spectral Survey. 5. Bibcode:1999MSS...C05....0H.
  5. ^ a b c d S. G., Sousa; et al. (August 2008). "Spectroscopic parameters for 451 stars in the HARPS GTO planet search program. Stellar [Fe/H] and the frequency of exo-Neptunes". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 487 (1): 373–381. arXiv:0805.4826. Bibcode:2008A&A...487..373S. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200809698.
  6. ^ a b Stassun, Keivan G.; et al. (March 2017). "Accurate Empirical Radii and Masses of Planets and Their Host Stars with Gaia Parallaxes". The Astronomical Journal. 153 (3): 20. arXiv:1609.04389. Bibcode:2017AJ....153..136S. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/aa5df3. 136.
  7. ^ a b Sousa, S. G.; et al. (March 2010). "Higher depletion of lithium in planet host stars: no age and mass effect". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 512: L5. arXiv:1003.0405. Bibcode:2010A&A...512L...5S. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201014125.
  8. ^ "79 Cet". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  9. ^ "Keck astronomers discover planets smaller than saturn" (Press release). Kamuela, Hawaii: W. M. Keck Observatory. March 29, 2000. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
  10. ^ Marcy, Geoffrey W.; et al. (2000). "Sub-Saturn Planetary Candidates of HD 16141 and HD 46375". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 536 (1): L43–L46. arXiv:astro-ph/0004326. Bibcode:2000ApJ...536L..43M. doi:10.1086/312723.
  11. ^ Butler, J. T.; et al. (2006). "Catalog of Nearby Exoplanets". The Astrophysical Journal. 646 (1): 505–522. arXiv:astro-ph/0607493. Bibcode:2006ApJ...646..505B. doi:10.1086/504701.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 02h 35m 19.9283s, −03° 33′ 38.167″