79th Air Refueling Squadron
|79th Air Refueling Squadron|
|Active||1943–1945; 1948–1951; 1955–1958; 1966–1978; 1982-present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Force Reserve Command
4th Air Force
349th Air Mobility Wing
349th Operations Group
|Garrison/HQ||Travis Air Force Base|
Operation Market Garden
|Decorations||Distinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm
|79th Air Refueling Squadron emblem (Approved 29 July 1996)|
The 79th Air Refueling Squadron (79 ARS) is a United States Air Force Reserve squadron, assigned to the 349th Operations Group, stationed at Travis Air Force Base, California. It is a corollary unit of the active duty 9th Air Refueling Squadron, 60th Air Mobility Wing (60 AMW).
Formed in April 1943 by I Troop Carrier Command, trained and equipped at various bases in the United States for the balance of the year. Deployed to England, being assigned to IX Troop Carrier Command, Ninth Air Force in early January 1944, during the Allied buildup prior to the invasion of France.
The squadron's aircraft flew supplies into Normandy as soon as suitable landing strips were available and evacuated casualties to England. On 17 July the air echelon flew to Grosseto airbase in Italy to prepare for operations connected with the invasion of southern France returning to England on 24 August.
Squadron moved to France in July 1944 and for the balance of the Northern France Campaign and the Western Allied invasion of Germany was engaged in combat resupply of ground forces, operating from Advanced Landing Grounds in northern France. Delivered supplies to rough Resupply and Evacuation airfields near the front lines, returning combat casualties to field hospitals in rear areas. Dropped airborne forces during Operation Market-Garden in September 1944 into the Netherlands; later participated in the airborne invasion of Germany in March 1945. After V-E Day, the squadron evacuated prisoners of war.
Returned to the United States in August 1945, became a transport squadron for Continental Air Command, Inactivated on 15 November 1945. Operated in the reserve, 1948-1951 with C-47s, activated during the Korean War. Its personnel and aircraft assigned as fillers for active-duty units, inactivated a few days later as an administrative unit.
It performed worldwide airlift operations from, 1966–1971, including missions to Southeast Asia. The squadron also flew airborne early warning and control missions in the air defense of the United States, using Lockheed EC-121 Warning Stars from its base at Homestead AFB Florida, 1971-1978. Since 1982 it has trained for and flown worldwide air refueling and strategic airlift missions, including contingency and humanitarian relief operations.
Operations and Decorations
- Combat Operations. Transported cargo and troops in the European and Mediterranean Theaters of Operation during World War II. Dropped relief supplies to Bastogne and took part in airborne assaults on Normandy, southern France, the Netherlands, and Germany in 1944 and 1945. Flew missions to southeast Asia during Vietnam War. Supported Operations Enduring Freedom and Noble Eagle after the 11 September 2001 attack on the U. S.
- Campaigns. World War II: Rome-Arno; Normandy; Northern France; Southern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe.
- Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citation: France, [6–7] June 1944. Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device: 1 August 2002 – 15 August 2003. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 December 1976 – 15 March 1978; 1 April 1984 – 31 March 1985; 1 July 1991 – 30 June 1993; 1 April – 15 August 1995; 1 July 1996 – 30 June 1998; 1 August 2000 – 31 July 2002; 16 August 2003 – 17 August 2004; 18 August 2004 – 17 August 2005; 18 August 2005 – 17 August 2006; 18 August 2006 – 17 August 2007; 18 August 2007 – 17 August 2008; 18 August 2008 – 17 August 2009. Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm: 1 July 1966 – 29 July 1971.
- Constituted as the 79th Troop Carrier Squadron on 23 March 1943
- Activated on 1 April 1943
- Inactivated on 15 November 1945
- Activated in the Reserve on 11 April 1948
- Redesignated 79th Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 27 June 1949
- Ordered to active service on 1 April 1951
- Inactivated on 16 April 1951
- Activated in the Reserve on 18 May 1955
- Inactivated on 15 May 1958
- Redesignated 79th Military Airlift Squadron and activated in the Reserve on 14 March 1966
- Organized on 1 April 1966
- Redesignated 79th Airborne Early Warning and Control Squadron on 30 June 1971
- Inactivated on 1 October 1978
- Redesignated 79th Air Refueling Squadron, Heavy (Associate) on 21 June 1982
- Activated in the Reserve on 1 September 1982
- Redesignated 79th Air Refueling Squadron (Associate) on 1 February 1992
- Redesignated 79th Air Refueling Squadron on 1 October 1994
- 436th Troop Carrier Group, 1 April 1943 – 15 November 1945
- 419th Troop Carrier Group, 11 April 1948
- 436th Troop Carrier Group, 27 June 1949 – 16 April 1951
- 436th Troop Carrier Group, 18 May 1955 – 15 May 1958
- Continental Air Command, 14 March 1966
- 915th Military Airlift Group, 1 April 1966
- Eastern Air Force Reserve Region, 30 July 1971
- Tenth Air Force, 8 October 1976
- 915th Airborne Early Warning and Control Group, 1 December 1976 – 1 October 1978
- 452d Air Refueling Wing, 1 September 1982
- 452d Operations Group, 1 August 1992
- 349th Operations Group, 1 April 1995 – present
- Robertson, Patsy (January 24, 2011). "Factsheet 79 Air Refueling Squadron (AFRC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.