7 (New York City Subway service)

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"7" train symbol"7" train symbol
Flushing Local
Flushing Express
R188 7 train.jpg
Manhattan-bound 7 local train of R188s leaving 52nd Street
R188 Subway Car, 7888, 7, September 5th, 2014.jpg
Queens-bound 7 express train of R188s leaving Fifth Avenue
Map of the "7" train
Northern endFlushing–Main Street
Southern end34th Street–Hudson Yards
Stations22 (local service)
12 (express service)
8 (super express service)
Rolling stock374 to 396 R188s (34 to 36 trains)[1]
DepotCorona Yard
Started service1915; 104 years ago (1915)
Route map

Down arrow  7   <7> 
Flushing–Main Street
Mets–Willets Point
Handicapped/disabled access
northbound local;
game days only
111th Street
103rd Street–Corona Plaza
Junction Boulevard
90th Street–Elmhurst Avenue
82nd Street–Jackson Heights
74th Street–Broadway
69th Street
61st Street–Woodside
52nd Street
46th Street–Bliss Street
40th Street–Lowery Street
33rd Street–Rawson Street
express service
during weekday peak
Queensboro Plaza
Court Square
Hunters Point Avenue
Vernon Boulevard–Jackson Avenue
Grand Central
Fifth Avenue
Times Square–42nd Street
34th Street–Hudson Yards
Up arrow  7   <7> 

Lines used by the "7" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "7" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The 7 Flushing Local and <7> Flushing Express[2] are two rapid transit services in the A Division of the New York City Subway, providing local and express services along the full length of the IRT Flushing Line. Their route emblems, or "bullets", are colored purple, since they serve the Flushing Line.[3]

Local service is denoted by a (7) in a circular bullet, and express service is denoted by a <7> in a diamond-shaped bullet. Several cars also feature LED signs around the service logo to indicate local or express service to riders; a green circle denotes 7 local trains and a red diamond denotes <7> express trains.

7 trains operate at all times between Main Street in Flushing, Queens and 34th Street–Hudson Yards in Chelsea, Manhattan. Local service operates at all times, while express service runs only during rush hours and early evenings in the peak direction and during special events.

The 7 route started running in 1915 when the Flushing Line opened. Since 1927, the 7 has held largely the same route, except for a one-stop western extension from Times Square to Hudson Yards in 2015.

Service history[edit]

On June 13, 1915, the first test train on the IRT Flushing Line ran between Grand Central and Vernon Boulevard–Jackson Avenue, followed by the start of revenue service on June 22. Over the next thirteen years, the line was extended piece by piece between Times Square and Flushing–Main Street, after the former opened on March 14, 1927. Shovels used to dig the subterranean portion of the end of the line from Corona to Flushing Main Street were provided by the Marion Power Shovel Company.[4]

Express service started in 1917. The service on the Flushing Line east of Queensboro Plaza was shared by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company and the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation from 1912 to 1949; BMT trains were designated 9, while IRT services were designated 7 on maps only. The 7 designation was assigned to trains since the introduction of the front rollsigns on the R12 in 1948.

On March 12, 1953, two nine-car super express trains began operating from Flushing–Main Street to Times Square in the AM rush hour. The super expresses stopped at Main Street, and Willets Point before skipping all stops to Queensboro Plaza, bypassing the Woodside and Junction Boulevard express stops. The running time was cut down to 23 minutes from 25 minutes.[5] Beginning August 12, 1955, four super expresses operated during the AM rush hour.[6] Super express service was discontinued in the AM rush and PM rush, on January 13, and December 14, 1956, respectively.[7]

Holiday and Saturday express service was discontinued on March 20, 1954.[8] At some point afterwards, weekday midday express service was discontinued, but was restored on November 29, 1971, before being discontinued again by August 29, 1975.

On November 1, 1962, fifty R17s (#6500-6549) were transferred from the Mainline IRT to the 7, allowing for ten-car operation. This was the first time that the IRT ran ten-car trains without a second conductor.[9]

This poster was used on 7 trains heading to Shea Stadium for the World Series in 1986, which the New York Mets won.

From May 13, 1985, to August 21, 1989, the IRT Flushing Line was overhauled for improvements, including the installation of new track, repair of station structures and to improve line infrastructure. The project cost $70 million.[10] The major element was the replacement of rails on the Queens Boulevard viaduct. This was necessitated because the subway was allowed to deteriorate during the 1970s and 1980s to the point that there were widespread "Code Red" defects on the Flushing Line, and there were some pillars holding elevated structures that were so shaky that trains wouldn't run if the wind exceeded 65 mph. <7> express service was suspended for the duration of the project; however, extra 7 service was provided for Mets games and Flushing Meadows Park events. The project was completed six months early, and <7> express service was restored on August 21, 1989.[11]:17 However, express trains bypassed 61st Street–Woodside because the Transit Authority was concerned about passengers transferring between local and express trains at that station. The stop was added a few months later after pressure from community opposition.[12]

In the mid-1990s, the MTA discovered that the Queens Boulevard viaduct structure was unstable, as rocks that were used to support the tracks as ballast became loose due to poor drainage, which, in turn, affected the integrity of the concrete structure overall. <7> express service was suspended again between 61st Street–Woodside and Queensboro Plaza; temporary platforms were installed to access the express track in the four intermediate stations.[13] The work began on April 5, 1993.[14][15] When the viaduct reconstruction finished on March 31, 1997, full <7> express service was reinstated.[16] Throughout this entire period, ridership grew steadily.[17] In 1999, <7> express service was expanded from rush hours only to weekdays from 6:30 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. However, this expansion was cut back in 2009 due to frequent midday construction.

A tunnel segment of the 7 Subway Extension during construction. It opened for service on September 13, 2015.

The 7 Subway Extension, which travels west and south to 34th Street and 11th Avenue, near the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center in Hudson Yards, was delayed five times.[18] The 34th Street–Hudson Yards station, originally scheduled to open in December 2013, began serving passengers on September 13, 2015.[19] However, the overall station construction project was not completed until early September 2018.[20][21][22]

On November 16, 2010, New York City officials announced they are considering a further extension of the service across the Hudson River to the Secaucus Junction train station in New Jersey.[23] As of October 26, 2011, tentative support for the extension has been given by New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg as well as New Jersey Governor Chris Christie in comments to the press.[24][25] However, in April 2013, then MTA chairman Joseph Lhota announced that the 7 train would not be extended to New Jersey due to the high costs of the project, which included constructing a subway yard and a subway tunnel in New Jersey. Instead, Lhota put his support behind Amtrak’s Gateway Tunnel project which entails a new tunnel to Manhattan for Amtrak and NJ Transit trains.[26] However, as part of a joint effort between The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the MTA and NJ Transit, this extension was considered again in February 2018.[27][28][29][30][31]

Work has been underway since 2008 to convert the 7 service to accommodate CBTC. Expected to cost $585.9 million, CBTC will allow two additional trains per hour as well as two additional trains for the 7 Subway Extension, providing a 7% increase in capacity.[32] (At the former southern terminal, Times Square, service on the 7 was limited to 27 trains per hour (tph) as a result of the bumper blocks there. The current southern terminal at 34th Street–Hudson Yards has tail tracks to store rush-hour trains and can increase the service frequency to 29 tph.[32]) New cars on order for the A Division (the R188 contract) are compatible with CBTC. Installation of CBTC and delivery of the trains were completed in 2016.[32]

Rolling stock[edit]

The 7 currently operates with 11-car trainsets of R188s

The 7 operates with 11-car sets; the number of cars in a single 7 train set is more than in any other New York City Subway service. These trains, however, are not the longest in the system, since a train of 11 "A" Division cars is only 565 feet (172 m) long, while a standard B Division train, which consists of ten 60-foot cars or eight 75-foot cars, is 600 feet (180 m) long.

Fleet history[edit]

An R36 WF 7 train at 33rd Street–Rawson Street
An R62A 7 train at 61st Street-Woodside

The 7, throughout almost all its history, has maintained a separate fleet from the rest of the IRT, starting with the Steinway Low-Vs. The Steinways were built between 1915 and 1925 specifically for use in the Steinway Tunnel. They had special gear ratios to climb the steep grades (4.5%) in the Steinway Tunnel, something standard Interborough equipment could not do.[33]

In 1938, an order of all-new World's Fair cars was placed with the St. Louis Car Company. These cars broke from IRT "tradition" in that they did not have vestibules at each car end. In addition, because the IRT was bankrupt at the time, the cars were built as single ended cars, with train controls for the motorman on one side and door controls for the conductor on the other. These cars spent their last days on the elevated IRT Third Avenue Line in the Bronx.

Starting in 1948, R12s, R14s, R15s, were delivered to the line. On November 1, 1962, fifty R17s (6500-6549) were transferred from the Mainline IRT to the 7, allowing for ten-car operation. This was the first time that the IRT ran ten-car trains without a second conductor.[34]

In 1964, the picture window R33/36 World's Fair (WF) cars replaced the older R12s, R14s, R15s, and R17s in time for the 1964 New York World's Fair. Early in 1965, the New York City Transit Authority placed a strip map indicating all the stations and transfer points for the line in each of the line's 430 cars, helping World's Fair visitors. This innovation was not used for other services and as they shared rolling stock with each other; it was possible for cars to have the wrong strip maps.[35]

The 7 was the last service to run using "Redbird" cars, and the 7's fleet consisted entirely of R33/36 WF Redbird train cars until December 2001. In 2001, with the arrival of the R142/R142A cars, the Transit Authority announced the retirement of all Redbird cars. From January 2002 to November 2003, the Bombardier-built R62A cars, which used to operate on the 3 and 6, gradually replaced all of the R33/36 WF cars on the 7. On November 3, 2003, the last Redbird train made its final trip on this route, making all stops between Times Square and the then-named Willets Point–Shea Stadium.[36] Several Redbird cars running on this service were decorated with Mets logos and colors during the 2000 Subway Series against the New York Yankees, as the Flushing Line runs adjacent to Citi Field and the former location of Shea Stadium. Many R33 WFs remained in Corona Yard and were used primarily for work service up to early 2017.

Green circle denotes a "7" train local train.
Red diamond denotes a "7" express train express train.

Since 2008, all R62As on the 7 have been upgraded with LED lighted signs to distinguish between express and local trains. These signs are located on the rollsigns that are found on the side of each car. The local is a green circle around the 7 bullet while the express is a red diamond.[37] Previously, the rollsigns showed either a (7) (within a circle) or a <7> (within a diamond) with the word "Express" underneath it.

The R62As were displaced by the R188s from January 2013 to March 2018 in preparation for the automation equipment for the Flushing Line. The displaced R62As were returned to the 6 train, which had given much of its R142As for conversion to R188s.[38][39] The first train of R188 cars began operating in passenger service on November 9, 2013. By 2016, most of the communications-based train control (CBTC)-equipped R188 trainsets were on the 7, and by the end of March 2018, the last R62A trains were displaced by the R188 cars.[40][41] In addition to providing six extra 11-car trains for the 7 Subway Extension, the R188s allowed twenty R62A expansion cars to be freed up for the rest of the IRT A Division services.


The 7 is nicknamed the "International Express" in part because it travels through several different ethnic neighborhoods populated by immigrants, especially along Roosevelt Avenue, and in part because it was the principal subway route to the 1964-65 New York World's Fair. This name is not official, nor is the title used in day-to-day operations.[42][43]

On June 26, 1999, then-First Lady Hillary Clinton and U.S. Transportation Secretary Rodney E. Slater designated the 7 route as a National Millennium Trail, along with 15 other routes including the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail and the Underground Railroad. The route was designated under the name "International Express".[44][45]


Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the line used by the 7 and <7>, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[46]

Line From To Tracks Times
7 service 7 diamond service
all times rush hours, peak direction
IRT Flushing Line Flushing–Main Street 33rd Street–Rawson Street express    
Queensboro Plaza 34th Street–Hudson Yards all  

In addition to regular local and rush-hour express services, "Super Express" service to Manhattan is also provided after New York Mets games weeknights and weekends at Citi Field, as well as after US Open tennis matches: starting at Mets–Willets Point and operating express to Manhattan, also bypassing Junction Boulevard, Hunters Point Avenue and Vernon Boulevard–Jackson Avenue.[47]


For a more detailed station listing, see IRT Flushing Line.

Stations in blue denote stops served by Super Express game specials.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Station closed Station closed
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
7 service
7 diamond service
Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections/Notes
Flushing Line
Stops all times Stops rush hours in peak direction only Flushing–Main Street Handicapped/disabled access LIRR Port Washington Branch at Flushing–Main Street
Q44 Select Bus Service
Q48 bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times Stops rush hours in peak direction only Mets–Willets Point [a][48] LIRR Port Washington Branch at Mets–Willets Point (special events only)
Q48 bus to LaGuardia Airport
Some rush hour trips originate or terminate at this station[b]
Super Express trips to 34th Street–Hudson Yards originate and terminate at this station
Stops all times | 111th Street Q48 bus to LaGuardia Airport
Some southbound rush hour trips originate at this station
Stops all times | 103rd Street–Corona Plaza
Stops all times Stops rush hours in peak direction only Junction Boulevard Handicapped/disabled access Q72 bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times | 90th Street–Elmhurst Avenue
Stops all times | 82nd Street–Jackson Heights
Stops all times | 74th Street–Broadway Handicapped/disabled access E all timesF all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m.R all hours except late nights (IND Queens Boulevard Line at Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue) Q47 bus to LaGuardia Airport (Marine Air Terminal only)
Q53 Select Bus Service
Q70 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times | 69th Street Q47 bus to LaGuardia Airport (Marine Air Terminal only).
Stops all times Stops rush hours in peak direction only 61st Street–Woodside Handicapped/disabled access LIRR City Terminal Zone at Woodside
Q53 Select Bus Service
Q70 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times | 52nd Street
Stops all times | 46th Street–Bliss Street
Stops all times | 40th Street–Lowery Street
Stops all times | 33rd Street–Rawson Street
Stops all times Stops rush hours in peak direction only Queensboro Plaza N all timesW weekdays only (BMT Astoria Line)
Stops all times Stops rush hours in peak direction only Court Square Handicapped/disabled access G all times (IND Crosstown Line)
E all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Queens Boulevard Line at Court Square–23rd Street)
Stops all times Stops rush hours in peak direction only Hunters Point Avenue LIRR City Terminal Zone at Hunterspoint Avenue (peak hours only)
Stops all times Stops rush hours in peak direction only Vernon Boulevard–Jackson Avenue LIRR City Terminal Zone at Long Island City (peak hours only)
Stops all times Stops rush hours in peak direction only Grand Central–42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 4 all times5 all times except late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Metro-North Railroad at Grand Central Terminal
Stops all times Stops rush hours in peak direction only Fifth Avenue Elevator access to mezzanine only B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all timesF all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Bryant Park)
Stops all times Stops rush hours in peak direction only Times Square–42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 1 all times2 all times3 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
A all timesC all except late nightsE all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
N all timesQ all timesR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Stops all times Stops rush hours in peak direction only 34th Street–Hudson Yards Handicapped/disabled access M34 Select Bus Service

In popular culture[edit]


  1. ^ Only the Flushing-bound local side platform is wheelchair-accessible. Trains operate on this platform only during New York Mets games and other special events.
  2. ^ During the morning, trips may both begin and end at Mets–Willets Point, but during the evening, trips may only end at this station.


  1. ^ "Subdivision 'A' Car Assignments: Cars Required June 24, 2018" (PDF). 61 (7). Electric Railroaders' Association. July 2018: 16. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  2. ^ "7 Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  3. ^ "mta.info - Line Colors". mta.info.
  4. ^ Contractors & Engineers Magazine, Volume 10, 1925, page 80
  5. ^ "2 I.R.T. Expresses to Cut Flushing–Times Sq. Run" (PDF). New York Times. March 10, 1953. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  6. ^ "IRT-Flushing Will Add Fourth Super-Express". Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. August 6, 1955. p. 13. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  7. ^ Linder, Bernard (December 1964). "Service Change". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association.
  8. ^ "I. R. T. SERVICE REDUCED; Week-End Changes Made on West Side Local, Flushing Lines" (PDF). New York Times. April 3, 1954. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  9. ^ "R17s to the Flushing Line". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 5 (6): M-8. December 1962 – via Issu.
  10. ^ Slagle, Alton (December 2, 1990). "More delays ahead for No. 7 line". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  11. ^ Annual Report on ... Rapid Routes Schedules and Service Planning. New York City Transit Authority. 1989.
  12. ^ Feinman, Mark S. (December 8, 2004). "The New York City Transit Authority in the 1980s". nycsubway.org. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
  13. ^ Pérez-Peńa, Richard (October 9, 1995). "Along the Subway, a Feat in Concrete". The New York Times. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
  14. ^ "April 1993 Map Information". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. April 1993. Retrieved October 7, 2018.
  15. ^ "The repairs we're making on the 7 line will take some time. Like 3-4 minutes per trip if you ride the express". New York Daily News. April 2, 1993. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  16. ^ "7 Express service is being restored between 61 Street/Woodside and Queensboro Plaza". New York Daily News. March 28, 1997. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  17. ^ Onishi, Norimitsu (February 16, 1997). "On the No. 7 Subway Line in Queens, It's an Underground United Nations". The New York Times. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
  18. ^ Emma G. Fitzsimmons (March 24, 2015). "More Delays for No. 7 Subway Line Extension". New York Times. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  19. ^ "New 34 St-Hudson Yards 7 Station Opens". Building for the Future. New York, New York: Metropolitan Transit Authority. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 10, 2016. The new station opened September 13, 2015
  20. ^ "MTA's 7 Line Extension Project Pushed Back Six Months". NY1. June 5, 2012. Archived from the original on July 11, 2012. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
  21. ^ Cuozzo, Steve (June 5, 2012). "No. 7 train 6 mos. late". New York Post. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
  22. ^ "MTA Opens Second Entrance at 34 St-Hudson Yards 7 Station". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 1, 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-09-02. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
  23. ^ NYC Subway Line May Continue Into N.J.
  24. ^ "Mayor Bloomberg wants to extend 7 line to New Jersey". ABC7 New York.
  25. ^ "Bloomberg". Bloomberg.com.
  26. ^ "MTA chief: No. 7 line won't be extended to NJ". NY Daily News. New York. April 3, 2012.
  27. ^ "Port Authority study will consider 7 train extension to New Jersey". Curbed NY. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  28. ^ "7 train extension to NJ is among long-term solutions being studied to address commuter hell | 6sqft". 6sqft. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  29. ^ "Cross-Hudson study options include 7 line extension into NJ". am New York. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  30. ^ "7 Train To Secaucus Idea Resurrected". Secaucus, NJ Patch. 2018-03-01. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  31. ^ "Proposal to extend 7 train into New Jersey revived". Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  32. ^ a b c MTA's Q&A on Capital Program 2010-2014 Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ Sansone, Gene (2004). New York Subways. JHU Press. p. 84. ISBN 0-8018-7922-1.
  34. ^ "R17s to the Flushing Line". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 5 (6): M-8. December 1962 – via Issu.
  35. ^ Annual Report 1964–1965. New York City Transit Authority. 1965.
  36. ^ Luo, Michael (November 4, 2003). "Let Go, Straphangers. The Ride Is Over". The New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
  37. ^ Donohue, Pete (April 1, 2008). "On No. 7 trains, red diamond means express, a green circle for local". NY Daily News. New York. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  38. ^ Rubinstein, Dana (September 5, 2012). "M.T.A. to upgrade 7 line by trading old cars to Lexington Avenue". Capital New York. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
  39. ^ http://library.rpa.org/pdf/RPA-Moving-Forward.pdf Page 47
  40. ^ Mann, Ted (November 18, 2013). "MTA Tests New Subway Trains on Flushing Line". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
  41. ^ "MTA - news - New Subway Cars Being Put to the Test". mta.info.
  42. ^ "The International Express: Around the World on the 7 Train". Queens Tribune. Archived from the original on January 22, 2003. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
  43. ^ Cohen, Billie (January 14, 2008). "No. 7 Train From Flushing-Main Street to Times Square". The New York Times. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
  44. ^ "First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, U.S. Transportation Secretary Slater Announce 16 National Millennium Trails". White House Millennium Council. June 26, 1999. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  45. ^ "The No. 7 'International Express' Rolls Into History". Queens Courier. July 8, 1999. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  46. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
  47. ^ "The MTA Is Your Ride to All Yankees and Mets Home Games". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
  48. ^ "Mets-Willets Point Station: Accessibility on game days and special events only". New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on April 22, 2009. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
  49. ^ See also: The #7 Train: An Immigrant Journey on IMDb
  50. ^ "At Full Blast Shooting outrageously from the lip, Braves closer John Rocker bangs away at his favorite targets: the Mets, their fans, their city and just about everyone in it". Vault. December 27, 1999. Retrieved November 29, 2018.

External links[edit]

External video
A Weekend at Work: Flushing Line May 2011, Metropolitan Transportation Authority; July 21, 2011; 3:42 YouTube video clip