7th Cavalry Division (German Empire)

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7th Cavalry Division
(7. Kavallerie-Division)
Stab einer Division.svg
Flag of the Staff of a Division (1871 – 1918)
Active 2 August 1914 – 1919
Country  German Empire
Branch Army
Type Cavalry
Size Approximately 5,000 (on mobilisation)
Engagements World War I
Disbanded 1919

The 7th Cavalry Division (7. Kavallerie-Division) was a unit of the German Army in World War I. The division was formed on the mobilization of the German Army in August 1914. The division was disbanded in 1919 during the demobilization of the German Army after World War I.

Combat chronicle[edit]

It was initially assigned to III Cavalry Corps, which preceded 6th Army's advance on the Western Front. In October 1915, it was engaged in occupation duties in Belgium until October 1916, when it relocated to Romania. In January 1917, the division returned to the Western Front and was in Alsace until May 1918, Flanders until August 1918, Artois to October 1918 and back to Flanders until the end of the war.[1] It was dismounted on 14 May 1918 and restructured to form the 7th Cavalry Schützen Division.[2] By the end of the war, it was serving under 64th Corps (z.b.V.), Armee-Abteilung B, Heeresgruppe Herzog Albrecht von Württemberg on the Western Front.[3]

A more detailed combat chronicle can be found at the German-language version of this article.

Order of Battle on mobilisation[edit]

On formation, in August 1914, the component units of the division were:[4]

See: Table of Organisation and Equipment

7th Cavalry Schützen Division[edit]

German cavalry of the 11th Reserve Hussar Regiment in a trench in France in 1916

The 7th Cavalry Division was extensively reorganised in the course of the war, culminating in its conversion to a Cavalry Schützen Division, that is to say, dismounted cavalry. Here, the cavalry brigades were renamed Cavalry Schützen Commands and performed a similar role to that of an infantry regiment command. Likewise, the cavalry regiments became Cavalry Schützen Regiments and allocated the role of an infantry battalion (and their squadrons acted as infantry companies). However, these units were much weaker than normal infantry formations (for example, a Schützen squadron had a strength of just 4 officers and 109 NCOs and other ranks, considerably less than that of an infantry company).[5]

  • 26th Cavalry Brigade became independent on 6 October 1917
  • 30th Cavalry Brigade renamed 30th Cavalry Schützen Command on 27 May 1918
  • 42nd Cavalry Brigade became independent on 14 September 1916
  • 28th Cavalry Brigade joined from 4th Cavalry Division on 17 May 1918 and renamed 28th Cavalry Schützen Command on 27 May 1918
  • 41st Cavalry Brigade joined from 1st Cavalry Division on 17 October 1916 and renamed 41st Cavalry Schützen Command on 27 May 1918

Late World War I organization[edit]

Allied Intelligence rated this division as 4th Class (of 4 classes).[6] It's late war organisation was:[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 126
  2. ^ Cron 2002, p. 106
  3. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, pp. 186-187
  4. ^ Cron 2002, p. 300
  5. ^ Cron 2002, p. 130
  6. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, p. 156
  7. ^ War Office 1995, p. 228
  8. ^ 1917 was changed into a field artillery abteilung; Cron 2002, p. 139

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1. 
  • Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6. 
  • Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), compiled from records of Intelligence section of the General Staff, American Expeditionary Forces, at General Headquarters, Chaumont, France 1919. The London Stamp Exchange Ltd (1989). 1920. ISBN 0-948130-87-3. 
  • The German Forces in the Field; 7th Revision, 11th November 1918; Compiled by the General Staff, War Office. Imperial War Museum, London and The Battery Press, Inc (1995). 1918. ISBN 1-870423-95-X.