7th Delaware Infantry Regiment
|7th Delaware Infantry|
Delaware coat of arms flown on the regimental flag
|Active||12 July–12 August 1864|
|Country||United States of America|
|Size||33 officers and 945 men|
The 7th Regiment Delaware Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment of the Union Army in the American Civil War. Raised in response to the Confederate cavalry raid into Maryland in mid-1864, the regiment guarded railroad bridges and garrisoned the Baltimore defenses during its month of service.
The regiment was organized at Wilmington, Delaware for 30 days emergency service on 12 July 1864, in response to Confederate cavalry commander Jubal Early's raid into Maryland and the Union defeat at the Battle of Monocacy, to guard the approaches to Wilmington. Recruiting for the regiment began on 11 July, when Delaware Governor William Cannon issued a proclamation calling for a thirty day regiment to protect the railroads at the request of Wallace. 300 volunteers were recruited from southern Delaware by Provost Marshal Edwin Wilmer who made impassioned speeches from a special train, urging able-bodied men to leave their work and return to Wilmington aboard the train.
The 7th Delaware was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel (later Colonel) Edgar Hounsfield, and numbered 33 officers and 945 men. The regimental major, Hugh Sterling, received his position due to his leadership in a skirmish at Gunpowder Ridge, and later formed Sterling's Infantry Company. It was attached to the 3rd Separate Brigade of VIII Corps in the Middle Department, guarding the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad at Havre de Grace and Oconowingo Bridge until 16 July, when it moved to Baltimore and took positions in the defenses of that city. Three men of the regiment died of disease before it returned to Wilmington on 11 August, where it mustered out at the end of its term on the next day. As it marched through the streets of Wilmington to Camp Smithers, the regiment was eagerly welcomed by the populace and the bell of the city hall was rung.
- Wilson, W. Emerson (18 July 1964). "Panic grips people of Wilmington". The Morning News. p. 16. Retrieved 1 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com. (Subscription required (help)).
- Pickett, John E. "First State Regiments". Delaware Government Information Center. Archived from the original on 27 February 2003. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- Miller 2015, p. 168.
- Dyer 1908, p. 1018.
- Scharf 1888, p. 371.
- "War Times in Wilmington". The News Journal. 22 August 1914. p. 11. Retrieved 1 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com. (Subscription required (help)).
- Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Company.
- Miller, Richard F., ed. (2015). States at War, Volume 4: A Reference Guide for Delaware, Maryland, and New Jersey in the Civil War. Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England. ISBN 9781611686227.
- Scharf, John Thomas (1888). History of Delaware: 1609-1888: General history. I. Philadelphia: L.J. Richards & Company.