7th Air Division

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7th Air Division
Active 1944-1948; 1951-1965; 1978–1992
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Command of strike forces
Equipment see #Aircraft section below
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Gen John P. McConnell
Brig Gen Wayne W. Lambert
Insignia
7th Air Division emblem (approved 16 September 1954)[1] 7th Air Division crest.png

The 7th Air Division (7 AD) served the United States Air Force with distinction from early 1944 through early 1992, earning an outstanding unit decoration and a service streamer along the way.

History[edit]

Hawaii[edit]

The division provided air defense of the Hawaiian Islands April 1944 – September 1948.

Strategic Air Command rotation to England[edit]

Strategic Air Command (SAC) formed two air divisions in early 1951. The 7th Air Division was formed for its bases in England, while the 5th Air Division was and activated at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska, where Maj Gen Archie J. Old, Jr. formed its cadre before it moved overseas to control SAC units in Morocco.[1][2] The 7th, led by Brig Gen Paul T. Cullen, was the first to deploy, leaving for England in March, but the Douglas C-124 Globemaster II aircraft carrying General Cullen and his staff crashed in the Atlantic, leaving no survivors. General Old hastily flew to England, where he took command of the 7th Division until Maj Gen John P. McConnell could arrive. Once a new commander was appointed in May, General Old and his staff left for Morocco.[3]

The division controlled deployed bombardment and reconnaissance forces between 1951 and 1965.[2] During the 1950s, SAC's presence in England grew, with nine bases being constructed for the use of SAC bombers, and another six throughout the United Kingdom for support of SAC activities.[4] In 1953, shortly after the death of Stalin, the first Boeing B-47 Stratojets, from the 306th Bombardment Wing, arrived in England for 90 days duty, beginning what would be known as Reflex operations in the United Kingdom.[5]

On 26 July 1956, a Boeing B-47 Stratojet under the division's operational control was practicing touch-and-go landings at RAF Lakenheath crashed into a nuclear weapons storage facility causing damage to several weapons stored at the site.[6]

It participated in alerts, exercises, operational readiness inspections, evaluations, and intensive training programs to provide an advanced combat ready force. It also assumed responsibility for air base construction and improvement, which included building complexes to accommodate bombers, fighters, and special functions such as communications, weapons storage, aircraft parts, and navigational aids.

In September 1957, B-47s in Morocco were put on ground alert, armed, fueled and ready to take of upon notice. This posture was expanded to the bases under the 7th Air Division's command in early 1958. For the remainder of the division's existence, this status, known as Reflex Action (usually shortened to just Reflex), would be the normal status for the Stratojets rotating through England. The number of 7th Air Division bases used for Reflex reached a peak of nine in early 1959.[7]

The development of Intermediate Range Ballistic Missiles by the Soviet Union made forward bases for SAC medium range bombers increasingly vulnerable. After 1958, when the 100th Bombardment Wing departed RAF Brize Norton, SAC bombardment wings no longer rotated as entire units, although six bombers continued on alert at each of the division's bomber bases. [8] The number of B-47 wings capable of sending aircraft to Reflex operations at the division's bases began to decline after 1958.[9] The replacement of the medium bomber by the heavy bomber and the intercontinental ballistic missile in the SAC inventory continued into the early 1960s and this removed the need for SAC bases in England, leading to the inactivation of the division in June 1965.[1][10]

Strategic Air Command in Europe[edit]

From 1978, the division was activated in Europe to provide command and control for SAC units assigned to USAFE, primarily air refueling and reconnaissance organizations, but also ground support units such as the 3920th Strategic Wing. It assured that assigned units trained to conduct strategic warfare according to the Emergency War Order. It also assured that assigned units could conduct strategic reconnaissance and air refueling and function as the nucleus of a SAC advanced echelon in event of contingency operations.[1]

7th Air Division in Desert Shield/Desert Storm[edit]

Source: Gulf War Air Power Survey Vol V., 21-25.

  • 801st Air Refueling Wing (Provisional)
Headquarters: Morón Air Base, Spain 37°10′29″N 05°36′57″W / 37.17472°N 5.61583°W / 37.17472; -5.61583 (Morón AB)
Squadron Aircraft Type Notes
801st Air Refueling Squadron (P) KC-135 Stratotanker Deployed from 2d Bombardment Wing, Barksdale AFB, Louisiana (15 Aircraft) August 1990-March 1991
  • 801st Bombardment Wing (Provisional)
Headquarters: Morón Air Base, Spain
The 801st BW (P) consisted of 28 B-52G Stratofortresses and was formed around a nucleus provided by he 2d Bombardment Wing at Barksdale AFB, Louisiana and drew aircraft from the crews of the 524th BS/379th BW, Wurtsmith AFB, Michigan; the 668th BS/416th BW at Griffiss AFB, New York and from 69th BS/42d BW at Loring AFB, Maine. One B-52G (52-6503) was sent from the 340th BS/97th BW at Eaker AFB, Arkansas.
Squadron Aircraft Type Notes
801st Bombardment Squadron (P) B-52G Stratofortress Deployed from 2d BW (7 Aircraft); 69th BS/42d BW (2 Aircraft); 668th BS/416th BW (8 Aircraft) January–March 1991
802d Bombardment Squadron (P) B-52G Stratofortress Deployed from 524th BS/379th BW (8 Aircraft); 340th BS/97th BW (1 Aircraft); 524th BS/379th BW (8 Aircraft) January–March 1991
  • 802d Air Refueling Wing (Provisional)
Headquarters: Lajes Field, Azores, Portugal 38°45′42″N 027°05′26″W / 38.76167°N 27.09056°W / 38.76167; -27.09056 (Lajes Field)
Squadron Aircraft Type Notes
802d Air Refueling Squadron (P) KC-135 Stratotanker
KC-10 Extender
Composed of flights (August 1990-March 1991) from
  • 804th Air Refueling Wing (Provisional)
Headquarters: Incirlik Air Base, Turkey 37°00′07″N 035°25′33″E / 37.00194°N 35.42583°E / 37.00194; 35.42583 (Incirlik AB)
Squadron Aircraft Type Notes
804th Air Refueling Squadron (P) KC-135 Stratotanker August 1990-March 1991
  • 806th Bombardment Wing (Provisional)
Headquarters: RAF Fairford, England 51°40′56″N 001°47′24″W / 51.68222°N 1.79000°W / 51.68222; -1.79000 (RAF Fairford)
The 806th BW (P) was formed around a cadre of air and ground crews provided by the 97th Bombardment Wing, Eaker AFB, Arkansas. It consisted of a total of 11 B-52G Stratofortresses, also being drawn from the 668th BS/416th BW at Griffiss AFB, New York; 596th BS/2d BW, Barksdale AFB, Louisiana, and the 328th BS/93d BW at Castle AFB, California.
Squadron Aircraft Type Notes
806th Bombardment Squadron B-52G Stratofortress 97th BW (6 Aircraft); 596th BS/2d BW (2 Aircraft); 668th BS/416th BW (2 Aircraft); 328th BS/93d BW (1 Aircraft) January–March 1991
  • 807th Air Refueling Wing (Provisional)
Headquarters: Incirlik Air Base, Turkey
Squadron Aircraft Type Notes
807th Air Refueling Squadron (P) KC-135 Stratotanker August 1990-March 1991
  • 810th Air Refueling Wing (Provisional)
Headquarters: Incirlik Air Base, Turkey
Squadron Aircraft Type Notes
810th Air Refueling Squadron (P) KC-135 Stratotanker August 1990-March 1991
  • 4300th Bombardment Wing (Provisional)
Headquarters: Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territory [BIOT] 7°18′48″S 72°24′40″E / 7.31333°S 72.41111°E / -7.31333; 72.41111 (Diego Garcia AB)
The lead unit for the 4300th BW (P) was the 69th Bomb Squadron/42d BW from Loring AFB, Maine.[11] Aircraft were also drawn from the 328th BS/93d BW at Castle AFB, California. Six aircraft were transferred to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia on 17 January 1991 and they were replaced by six B-52Gs from the 1500th SW (P) at Andersen AFB, Guam.
Squadron Aircraft Type Notes
4300th Bombardment Squadron (P) B-52G Stratofortress Composed of 69th BS/42d BW (16 Aircraft); 328th BS/93d BW (16 Aircraft)

Lineage[edit]

  • Established as the 7 Fighter Wing on 31 March 1944
Activated on 21 April 1944
Redesignated 7 Air Division on 15 December 1947
Inactivated on 1 May 1948
  • Organized on 1 May 1948
Discontinued on 3 September 1948
  • Activated on 20 March 1951
Inactivated on 16 June 1952
  • Organized on 16 June 1952
Discontinued on 30 June 1965
  • Activated on 1 July 1978
Inactivated on 1 February 1992[1]

Assignments[edit]

  • Seventh Air Force, 21 April 1944 (attached to VII Fighter Command after 24 April 1944)
  • Army Air Forces, Pacific Ocean Area, 15 August 1944
  • Provisional Army Air Forces, Middle Pacific, attached 1 July 1945 and assigned, 22 November 1945
  • Seventh Air Force (later Pacific Air Command), 1 January 1946 – 1 May 1948
  • Pacific Air Command, 1 May – 3 September 1948
  • Strategic Air Command, 20 March 1951 – 16 June 1952; 16 June 1952 – 30 June 1965; 1 July 1978
  • Strategic Air Command, 16 June 1952 – 30 June 1965
  • Strategic Air Command, 1 July 1978
  • Eighth Air Force, 31 January 1982 – 1 February 1992[1]

Components[edit]

Wings

Groups

Squadrons

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

After activation on 1 July 1978, the division controlled aircraft such as the: KC-135 Stratotanker, B-52 Stratofortress, RC-135V/W Rivet Joint, SR-71 Blackbird, and U-2 Dragon Lady.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Factsheet 7 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 4 October 2007. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Factsheet 5 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 4 October 2007. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ Schake, et al. p. 77
  4. ^ Schake, et al. p. 131
  5. ^ Schake, et al. p. 175
  6. ^ Schake, et al. p. 137
  7. ^ Schake, et al. pp. 181-182
  8. ^ Schake, et al. pp. 206-207
  9. ^ Schake, et al. p. 281, Table 17
  10. ^ Schake, et al. pp. 220-223
  11. ^ Baugher, Joe, Service of Boeing B-52G Stratofortress, 2003

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.