7th Guards Rocket Division

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
7th Guards Missile Division Rezhitskaya Krasnoznamennaya (7 gv.rd)
Great emblem of the 14th Guards Rocket Division.png
Great emblem
Active1961–
Country Soviet Union (1961–1991)
 Russia (1991–present)
BranchStrategic Rocket Forces
Garrison/HQOzyorny, Tver Oblast (in the town Vypolzovo)
DecorationsOrder of the Red Banner

The 7th Guards Missile Rezhitskaya Red Flag division (7 GRD) – is a (military unit 14245) of the 27th Guards Missile Army, Strategic Rocket Forces located in Ozyorny, Bologovsky District, Tver region, Russia. Abbreviated name - 7 RD

History[edit]

On 14 July 1943, on the basis of the 79th guards cannon artillery regiment in the Staraya Russa region, the 19th Separate guards cannon artillery brigade was formed. On 27 July 1944, for courage and heroism to the personnel in the battles for the liberation of the city of Rezekne, the brigade was commended by the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, and was awarded the honorary title "Rezhitskaya"[1]

During the Great Patriotic War, the brigade fought from Staraya Russa to Saldus (Latvia). Throughout the war, the brigade was commanded by colonel M.I.Sokolov. The actions of the entire personnel of the brigade were highly appreciated by the Supreme Commander-in-Chief. 1200 people were awarded government awards.[1]

In accordance with a USSR Ministry of Defence Directive of 25 May 1960, in June 1960 the 19th Rezhitskoy Guards Cannon Artillery Brigade became the basis of the 7th Rocket Engineering Brigade. Relocated from the village Gatchina to the village Vyolzovo, Bologoye, Tver Oblast, formation proceeded a residential fund from the 25th Air Division 6th Air Army. Colonel P. Uvarov was appointed as the Missile Brigade Commander. The number of personnel reached 9000 people (soldiers and sergeants).[2]

The first missile regiment was formed (military unit 14 264) from three divisions: two with terrestrial IP and one with silos. On 30 November 1960, the brigade commander reported the completion of the missile brigade – military unit 14245, to the commander in chief. Since the beginning of 1961 a planned study with R-5 began.[2]

USSR Ministry of Defence Directive of 30 May 1961 the 7-I missile brigade converted to the 7th missile division under the central government, with the honorary name "Rezhitskaya". July 16 she transferred to the continuity of the Guards and the name of the Red Banner of the 19th Guards cannon artillery brigade. The composition of the division consisted of: 4 missile regiments (armies of 14,264, 14,474, 14,420, 14,443), repair and technical base (RTB), and a communication centre providing units.[2]

16 August 1961, Division Captain 3rd rank LS Shvygina, at the site Kapustin Yar, produced the first ever Division missile launch, a R-5 (8K51), with a rating of "good" . In December 1962, crews of the first division missile regiments (military unit 14264) at the site Baikonur, conducted the first launch of full-time for the missile division R-16 (8K64).[2]

11 February 1963 First Division was put on combat duty (OBD) with two R-16 land-based launchers. In total, in 1963–1964, the database atonement was six battalions (BSP): four with ground-based polyurethane and two with silo.[2]

24 May 1963, shortly after the Cuban Missile Crisis, in secrecy, the division head attended Nikita Khrushchev, the Cuban leader Fidel Castro, Soviet Defense Minister Marshal Rodion Yakovlevich Malinovsky and Chief of the Strategic Rocket Forces Marshal of the Soviet Union NA I. Krylov. Khrushchev and Castro were acquainted with the new R-16 missile.[2]

On 20 March 1964 the division became part of the 3rd Separate Guards Rocket Corps, with the missile R-16 ( 8K64). In June 1964, based on the divisions formed by Missile Regiment P-16: a / h, 14264, 07382, 12408, 14474, 57388, 74201, 14420, 68528, BSP regiments were located close to the borders of Tver and Novgorod regions.[2]

Since 1965, the division began preparations for the construction of the BSP missile systems, a new generation with separate silo launches ("OS"). Pursuant to the directives of the General Staff, 31 March 1966, they formed six missile regiments "OS" with missiles UR-100 (8K84). In 1967 the first "Osowska" regiment of atonement appears on the database (military unit 97688).[2]

On 1 November 1967 the division was awarded the Commemorative Banner of the CPSU Central Committee, USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium and USSR Council of Ministers for its achievements in military work to mark the 50th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution.[2]

From April 1970 to 30 June 1990 and the division was part of the 50th Rocket Army (was Smolensk). In April 1970, five regiments began to rearm in the missile system with SD-100.[2]

Since 1973, work began on de-alerting of SD-100 and the statement on the database of new complexes 15P015 with a rocket MR-UR-100 (15A15) (since 1977, replaced by a complex 15P016 with MR-UR-100U) . The first regiment with the rocket 15A15 barred by DB May 6, 1975. During the period from October 15, 1975, on 3 October 1978 for duty rose another 8 regiments changed their Chelomeevsuyu SD-100 on Yangelevskuyu MR-UR-100.[2]

30 April 1975 a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Division was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.

3 October 1978, stood at BD two missile regiment with a streamlined set of 15P016 with a rocket MR-UR-100U.[2]

14 December 1979 and the division was awarded a pennant USSR Ministry of Defence "for courage and military valor».[2]

Since 1982, according to the plan of General Staff of the "Osowska" Regiments with MR-UR-100 was removed from duty and disbanded, some translated into an improved set of 15P016.[2]

In March 1986 and based on the division conducted a comparative test of wheeled launchers,''on Chassis 15U157 MAZ-7906 and MAZ-7907 (September) missile system15P162 ' '"Celina-2" with a rocket RT-23UTTH (15ZH62) weighing 104.5 tons For 8-bit and 12-tiosnyh own chassis weighing 65 tons and a lifting capacity of 150 tons were built huge hangars, and special areas roads, bridges and interchanges to study the damaging effects on asphalt concrete. All work is carried out only at night, in the mode of secrecy. Tests were completed in September 1987 a, the choice of CP for the 12-tiosnom articulated chassis MAZ-7907.[3]

In 1994, the last "Osowska" missile regiment was removed from the database. In accordance with the Council of Ministers of the Russian Federation on the basis of one of the military starting positions (MSE) in military unit 14264organized by the Museum of Missile Forces. December 30, 1994, the first "Osowska" regiment (military unit 14264) was transferred to PGRK Topol missile from the RT-2PM (15ZH58). 27 December 1996, at the DB got the second shelf (military unit 52642) Topol. In autumn 1996, crews of missile regiments of the division at the Plesetsk test site conducted two successful combat training launch.[2]

Date of annual holiday – 14 July.[4]

Command[edit]

  • From May 1960 to 13 April 1970 – major general Petr Petrovich Uvarov
  • From 13 April 1970, to 21 November 1973 – major general Yuri S. Marsac
  • From 21 November 1973, to 3 December 1977 – major general Alexander P. Volkov
  • From 3 December 1977, to 4 January 1982 – major general Yevgeny Ivanov
  • From 4 January 1982, to 31 July 1986 – major general Viktor Khramchenkov
  • From 31 July 1986, to 14 July 1998 – major general Alexander Gribov
  • From 14 July 1998, to 4 July 2000 – major general Aleksey Abramov
  • From 4 June 2000, to 2006 – major general Anatoly Shura
  • From June 2006 to December 2009 – major general Ivan Nikolaevich Kuzichkin
  • From December 2009 to May 2011 – colonel Alexander M. Galaktionov
  • From July 2011 to August 2013 - colonel Andrei Anatolyevich Burbin
  • From August 2013 to April 2016 - colonel Lankin Oleg Vyacheslavovich
  • From April 2016 - major general Ryabchenko Maxim Vladimirovich
  • From December 2020 - colonel Malinin Andrey Nikolaevich

Subordinate units[edit]

In the division included 11 missile regiments:

  • 129th missile regiment (military unit 97688) - disbanded 1 December 1989
  • 222nd missile regiment (military unit 95835) - disbanded 7 January 1990
  • 319th missile regiment (military unit 52643) - disbanded 1 December 1989
  • 320th missile regiment (military unit 52644) - disbanded 1 December 1989
  • 509th missile regiment (military unit 52641) - disbanded 30 January 1990
  • 510th Guards missile Tver regiment (military unit 52642) (site 3k)
  • 818th missile regiment (military unit 74201) (51st site) - disbanded 1 December 1993
  • 272nd missile regiment (military unit 68528) (42nd site), - disbanded
  • 342nd Guards missile regiment (military unit 57338) - disbanded 30 October 1990
  • 256th (526) missile regiment (military unit 07382) (11th site, 12th site), - disbanded 1 October 1993
  • 41st missile regiment (military unit 14264) (site 1C)

Other military formations:

  • 281st communication centre (military unit 03394), since 2012 military unit 14245-B (US)
  • communications repair base (CRB) (military unit 40262)
  • 212nd separate group of regulations for combat control and communication means (SGRCC CM) as part of the 1193rd combat control center (CCC) (military unit 49494) 606310, Nizhny Novgorod region, Dalnee Konstantinovo-5
  • 2423rd technical missile base (TMB) (military unit 96778) (platform 5, 6)
  • 1501st repair and technical base (RTB) (military unit 33787)
  • 509th separate engineer-demining battalion (military unit 03071)
  • 41st operational and technical commandant's office (military unit 63627), pos. Ozerny, st. Sovetskaya, 7
  • 29th separate helicopter squadron (SHS) (military unit 65177) - disbanded in December 2001
  • guard and reconnaissance battalion (GRB) (military unit 14245)
  • 61st station (postal service) (military unit 80253)
  • separate operational and regulatory group (SORG) (military unit 14245-R) - disbanded
  • 3rd separate medical and sanitary battalion (SMSB) (military unit 46181)
  • 9th mobile car repair shop (MCRS) (military unit 14245-D)
  • 261st complex technical control unit (CTCU) (military unit 14245-R)
  • military school for junior specialists (MSJS) (military unit 14245-B)

Weapon[edit]

In different years, the armaments division standing missile systems:

  • In 1963–1977 years. – P-16U (8K64U);
  • In 1967–1979 years. – UR-100 (8K84);
  • As in 1975–1991. – MR UR-100 (15A15);
  • In 1978–1994 years. – MR UR-100U (15A16);
  • From 1994 to present. at. – RT-2PM Topol (15ZH58).

Anniversary[edit]

On 14 July, the Division's Anniversary is celebrated – since 1943 when the 19th Separate Guards artillery gunnery brigade was established.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Гвардейское Режицкое краснознаменное ракетное соединение отмечает 75-ю годовщину со дня образования". xn--d1acaykgvdf0he1a.xn--90anlfbebar6i.xn--p1ai (in Russian).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Gagarin, VG, ed. (2006). Vladimirskaia Raketnaia Strategicheskaia Kratkaia Khronika Osnovnykh Sobytii [Vladimir strategic missile: a brief chronicle of major events in the history of missile Army]. Comp. IV Tops and others. Vladimir: Arkaim. pp. 292–310. ISBN 978-5-93767-023-6.
  3. ^ Colonel Nikolai Kachuk (2007), Crepe rocket nuclear shield of the Motherland (PDF) (in Russian), Журнал Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus "Army", pp. 50–53, ISSN 1819-0790, archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-01-03, retrieved 2011-07-15
  4. ^ Ministry of Defense (1999). Sergeyev, Igor D.; Yakovlev, Vladimir Nikolaevich; Solovtsov, Nicholas E. (eds.). Voennyi entsiklopedicheskii Slovar Raketnykh Voisk Strategicheskogo Naznacheniia [Military Encyclopedia of Strategic Missile Forces]. Moscow: Great Russian encyclopedia. pp. 438–439. ISBN 978-5-85270-315-6.
  5. ^ "Ракетное соединение отмечает 75-ю годовщину со дня образования". Департамент информации и массовых коммуникаций Министерства обороны. 14 July 2018. Retrieved 2018-07-15.

Works cited[edit]

  • Ministry of Defense (1999). Sergeyev, Igor D.; Yakovlev, Vladimir Nikolaevich; Solovtsov, Nicholas E. (eds.). Voennyi entsiklopedicheskii Slovar Raketnykh Voisk Strategicheskogo Naznacheniia [Military Encyclopedia of Strategic Missile Forces]. Moscow: Great Russian encyclopedia. pp. 438–439. ISBN 978-5-85270-315-6.
  • Gagarin, VG, ed. (2006). Vladimirskaia Raketnaia Strategicheskaia Kratkaia Khronika Osnovnykh Sobytii [Vladimir strategic missile: a brief chronicle of major events in the history of missile Army]. Comp. IV Tops and others. Vladimir: Arkaim. pp. 292–310. ISBN 978-5-93767-023-6.

External links[edit]