7th Indiana Infantry Regiment
|7th Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry|
Flag of the United States, 1861-1863
|Active||April 21, 1861, to August 2, 1861; September 13, 1861, to September 20, 1864|
|Engagements||Battle of Philippi
Battle of Cheat Mountain
Battle of Greenbrier River
Battle of Winchester
Battle of Port Republic
Battle of Groveton
Battle of Second Bull Run
Battle of South Mountain
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of the Wilderness
Battle of Spotsylvania
Siege of Petersburg
The 7th Indiana Volunteer Infantry was organized at Indianapolis, Indiana, between April 21 and April 27, 1861. The Regiment was sent to Grafton, Virginia (now West Virginia) on May 30, 1861, and participated in the Battle of Philippi, one of the first land battles of the Civil War, on June 3, 1861.
As part of Brigadier General Thomas A. Morris' Indiana Brigade (of Major General George B. McClellan's Army of West Virginia), the 7th Indiana participated in the Rich Mountain Campaign from July 6 to 17. The regiment saw action at Laurel Hill (July 7), Belington (July 8), the Battle of Corrick's Ford (July 12–14), and in the pursuit of Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett's forces (July 15–17). The regiment was mustered out of service on August 2, 1861.
A new 7th Indiana was organized from the three-month regiment at Indianapolis, Indiana, on September 13, 1861. The regiment mustered out of service on September 20, 1864. Men who re-enlisted, and those still with unexpired service, were transferred to the 19th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
Total strength and casualties
The three-month regiment suffered one enlisted man killed in battle and two enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of three fatalities.
The re-mustered regiment suffered 8 officers and 108 enlisted men killed in action or died of wounds and 2 officers and 111 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 229 fatalities.
- See Battle of Fairfax Court House (June 1861) for an article on a small battle which occurred in Fairfax County, Virginia, between the Virginia (Confederate) Warrenton Rifles militia company and a company of the 2d U.S. Cavalry Regiment on June 1, 1861, two days before the Battle of Philippi.
- 7th Indiana Regimental History, The Civil War Archive.
- http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/unininf1.htm#7th3yr The Civil War Archive website after Dyer, Frederick Henry. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 vols. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
- Union Regimental Histories - Indiana, The Civil War Archive website, after Dyer, Frederick Henry. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 vols. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
- Civil War - Indiana
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