7th Summit of the Americas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
7th Summit of the Americas
VII Cumbre de las Américas
7th Summit of the Americas logo.png
Host country Panama
Date April 10–11, 2015
Cities Panama City
Follows 6th Summit of the Americas
Precedes 8th Summit of the Americas

The seventh Summit of the Americas was held at Panama City, Panama, on April 10–11, 2015.[1]

Background[edit]

The Summits of the Americas are a continuing series of summits bringing together the leaders of the Americas including North America (which includes Central America and the Caribbean) and South America. The function of these summits is to foster discussion of a variety of issues affecting the western hemisphere. These high-level summit meetings have been organised by a number of multilateral bodies[which?] under the aegis of the Organization of American States. In the early 1990s, what were formerly ad hoc summits came to be institutionalised into a regular "Summits of the Americas" conference programme.[2]

At the 6th Summit of the Americas numerous leaders across the political spectrum said that the next summit must include Cuba. The ALBA states also added that they would boycott a summit without Cuba's presence. A final declaration at the summit was also held up over the issue of Cuba.

Cuban presence at the summit[edit]

Cuba, along with the United States, attended the seventh Summit of the Americas in Panama.[3] Given the pledge by ALBA member states to boycott the summit if Cuba was not invited, political controversy brewed as it transpired that Panama's government issued an invitation to the Summit. State Department spokesman Jen Psaki implicitly cautioned that Cuba's attendance of the summit would make a mockery of the spirit of the Inter-American Democratic Charter.[4] For their part, Cuban-American senators Bob Menendez and Marco Rubio urged Panama to withdraw the invitation for Cuba to attend the summit, insisting that the move could be a slap in the face to the principles of the Inter-American Democratic Charter.[5][6] However, another State Department official hinted that the US would tacitly welcome Cuba's participation in the 2015 Summit of the Americas.[7] Following the announcement on December 17, 2014 of a shift towards normalization of relations with Cuba, the US Government dropped its objections to Cuba's presence while calling for the participation of Cuban civil society groups.[8] Before the summit, the daughter of Oswaldo Payá, Rosa Maria Payá, was detained upon arriving at an airport in Panama; a second activist from Argentina also said they were detained.[9]

The summit had an anti-American tone, according to the Associated Press.[10]

Parallel events[edit]

While the Summit of the Americas occurred in Panama, other events were held: one which was attended by former American President Bill Clinton, and another held in Panama City at the Florida International University campus.[11]

Another summit called the Summit of the Peoples (Cumbre de los Pueblos), which was held at University of Panama on April 9–11, 2015 with the participation of trade unions, organizations of farmers, indigenous people, students, human rights activists, environmentalists, and feminists among others. At some parts of this event there also attended President of Bolivia Evo Morales, President of Ecuador Rafael Correa and President of Venezuela Nicolás Maduro.[12][13][14][15]

Heads of State and Government[edit]

Summary of Leaders
Flag and Country Head of State / Government
 Antigua and Barbuda Prime Minister Gaston Browne
 Argentina President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
 Bahamas Prime Minister Perry Christie
 Barbados Prime Minister Freundel Stuart
 Belize Prime Minister Dean Barrow
 Bolivia President Evo Morales
 Brazil President Dilma Rousseff
 Canada Prime Minister Stephen Harper
 Chile Chancellor Heraldo Muñoz
 Colombia President Juan Manuel Santos
 Costa Rica President Luis Guillermo Solís
 Cuba President Raúl Castro
 Dominica Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit
 Dominican Republic President Danilo Medina
 Ecuador President Rafael Correa
 El Salvador President Salvador Sánchez Cerén
 Grenada Prime Minister Keith Mitchell
 Guatemala President Otto Pérez Molina
 Guyana President Donald Ramotar
 Haiti President Michel Joseph Martelly
 Honduras President Juan Orlando Hernández
 Jamaica Prime Minister Portia Simpson Miller
 Mexico President Enrique Peña Nieto
 Nicaragua President Daniel Ortega
 Panama President Juan Carlos Varela
 Paraguay President Horacio Cartes
 Peru President Ollanta Humala
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Prime Minister Timothy Harris
 Saint Lucia Prime Minister Kenny Anthony
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves
 Suriname President Dési Bouterse
 Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar
 United States of America President Barack Obama
 Uruguay President Tabaré Vázquez
 Venezuela President Nicolás Maduro

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Seventh Summit of the Americas will be held in Panama.". 
  2. ^ Twaddle, Andrew C. (2002). Health Care Reform Around the World, p. 382.
  3. ^ "[http://www.summit-americas.org/vii/heads_en.htm"
  4. ^ http://www.thestar.com.my/News/World/2014/09/19/Panama-foreign-minister-invites-Raul-Castro-to-Americas-Summit/
  5. ^ http://thehill.com/blogs/floor-action/senate/219610-menendez-cuba-attendance-undermines-summit-of-americas
  6. ^ http://www.sunshinestatenews.com/blog/marco-rubio-summit-americans-should-exclude-cuba
  7. ^ http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/politics/2014/10/09/us-wont-object-to-cuba-participation-in-summit-americas-state-department-says/
  8. ^ "Fact Sheet: Charting a New Course on Cuba", NBC 6 South Florida, December 17, 2014.
  9. ^ Alexander, Harriet (6 April 2015). "Cuban dissident arrested on arrival at Panama's Summit of the Americas". The Telegraph (United Kingdom). Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  10. ^ Goodman, Joshua; Orsi, Peter (12 April 2015). "Obama-Castro Meeting Overshadows Anti-US Line at Summit". Associated Press. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 
  11. ^ Jervis, Rick (9 April 2015). "Cuba protests make waves at Panama summit". USA Today (Gannett). Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  12. ^ http://www.telesurtv.net/news/Arranca-en-Panama-la-Cumbre-de-los-Pueblos-20150409-0011.html
  13. ^ http://www.telesurtv.net/news/Evo-Los-Pueblos-protegen-a-Venezuela-ante-agresion-imperial-20150410-0026.html
  14. ^ http://www.telesurtv.net/news/Cumbre-de-los-Pueblos-fue-una-victoria-de-la-paz-20150411-0069.html
  15. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20150410/aml-gen-cumbre-de-las-americas-cumbre-de-los-pueblos/
Preceded by
6th Summit of the Americas
Summits of the Americas
2015
Panama City, Panama
Succeeded by
8th Summit of the Americas