7th Virginia Infantry

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7th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Flag of Virginia (1861-1950).png
Flag of Virginia, 1861
Active May 1861 – Spring 1865
Country Confederacy
Allegiance Confederate States of America Confederate States of America
Role Infantry
Engagements First Battle of Bull Run
Battle of Williamsburg
Battle of Glendale
Second Battle of Bull Run
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Gettysburg
Siege of Petersburg
Battle of Five Forks
Battle of Sailor's Creek
Disbanded April 1865
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Colonel James L. Kemper
Colonel Waller T. Patton

The 7th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. It fought mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia.

The 7th Virginia was organized in May, 1861, at Manassas Junction, Virginia, with men from Giles, Madison, Rappahannock, Culpeper, Greene, and Albemarle counties.

It fought at First Manassas under General Jubal Early, then served with Richard Ewell, Ambrose P. Hill, James L.Kemper, and William R. Terry. In April, 1862, the regiment had 700 effectives and later was active in the various campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Gettysburg. It participated in Longstreet's Suffolk expedition, was prominent in the capture of Plymouth, then fought at Drewry's Bluff and Cold Harbor. The 7th continued the fight in the Petersburg trenches south of the James River and around Appomattox.

The regiment sustained 47 casualties at First Manassas, 77 at Williamsburg, 111 at Frayser's Farm, 59 at Second Manassas, and 4 at Fredericksburg. About 40% of the 335 engaged at Gettysburg were disabled. It lost 39 men at Drewry's Bluff, and many were captured at Five Forks and Sayler's Creek. Only 20 officers and men were present at the surrender at Appomattox Court House.

Its commanders were Colonels Charles C. Flowerree, James L. Kemper, and Waller T. Patton; Lieutenant Colonel Lewis B. Williams, Jr.; and Major Aylett A. Swindler.

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