80th Flying Training Wing
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|80th Flying Training Wing|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Education and Training Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Sheppard Air Force Base|
|Nickname(s)||Burma Banshees (WW II)|
|Motto(s)||Angels on Our Wings (WW II)|
|Engagements||Burma Campaign 1944-1945|
|Decorations||Distinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
|Commander||Colonel Gregory S. Keeton|
|Command Chief Master Sergeant||Chief Master Sergeant Joseph D. Pritchard|
|80th Flying Training Wing emblem [note 1]|
The 80th FTW is home of the Euro-NATO Joint Jet Pilot Training (ENJJPT) Program. ENJJPT, established in the spirit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), is the world's only multi-nationally manned and managed flying training program chartered to produce combat pilots for NATO.
80th Operations Group (80 OG)
- The 80th OG provides operational support, flying training, air traffic control and evaluation of 256 student pilots and 110 instructor pilot candidates, as well as Introduction to Fighter Fundamentals for more than 145 trainees annually. The group oversees seven squadrons – 80th Operations Support Squadron, 88th Fighter Training Squadron, 89th Flying Training Squadron, 90th Flying Training Squadron, 97th Flying Training Squadron, 459th Flying Training Squadron, and 469th Flying Training Squadron – that train and support undergraduate pilots from NATO countries.
- 80th Operations Support Squadron (80 OSS)
- 88th Fighter Training Squadron (88 FTS) T-38C Talon
- 89th Flying Training Squadron (89 FTS) T-6A Texan II
- 90th Flying Training Squadron (90 FTS) T-38C Talon (Blue/Yellow tail stripe)
- 97th Flying Training Squadron (97 FTS)
- 459th Flying Training Squadron (459 FTS) T-6A Texan II
- 469th Flying Training Squadron (469 FTS) T-38C Talon (Green tail stripe)
World War II
The 80th Pursuit Group (Interceptor) was constituted on 13 January 1942 and activated on February 1942. It was redesignated as the 80th Fighter Group in May 1942. During World War II, the group was the first USAAF unit to be stationed in Burma after the Allied retreat in 1942. During its two years in combat, this group, which called itself the Burma Banshees, kept the supply lines open to China while clearing the way for Allied forces and US Army units such as Merrill's Marauders to sweep Japanese forces from northern Burma.
The 80th trained for combat and served as part of the defense force for the northeastern United States from, 1942–1943. It's flying squadrons were the 88th, 89th, and 90th Pursuit (later Fighter) Squadrons. It first trained with the P-47 Thunderbolt and later in the Curtis P-40.
The 80th sailed for India, via Brazil, the Cape of Good Hope, and Ceylon, in May 1943, commencing combat operations in the China-Burma-India theater in September 1943. The group supported Allied ground forces during the battle for northern Burma and the push southward to Rangoon, bombing and strafing troop concentrations, supply dumps, lines of communication, artillery positions, and other objectives.
The 80th was assigned the defense of the Indian terminus of the Hump route, which it carried out by striking Japanese airfields and patrolling Allied air bases to safeguard them from attack. The 80th received a Distinguished Unit Citation for intercepting a formation of Japanese aircraft, preventing the destruction of a large oil refinery in Assam, India, on 27 March 1944. Though its primary mission in Burma was the protection of the "Hump" cargo route, the group also played an important role in reopening the Ledo/Burma Road. Using modified, so-called B-40 fighter bombers (the Curtiss P-40 fitted with a 1,000-pound bomb), the 80th FG attacked Japanese-held bridges, sometimes demolishing their target with a single bomb. By the end of the war, the group had destroyed more than 200 bridges and killed scores of bridge repair crews. Air-to-air and air-to-ground sweeps by the group's pilots claimed 80 enemy planes destroyed in the air or on the ground.
The 80th Fighter Group was withdrawn from combat in May 1945 and inactivated in November.
The 3630th Flying Training Wing was activated at Sheppard Air Force Base on 10 December 1965 to provide pilot training for the German Air Force. It was disontinued and replaced by the 80th Flying Training Wing' in 1972 as part of an Air Training Command program to replace its four-digit Major Command controlled wings with wings with that inerited a combat lineage. Since its reactivation, the wing has provided undergraduate pilot training, initially for USAF, German Air Force, and South Vietnamese Air Force students.
Although South Vietnamese Air Force pilot training ceased in September 1974, students from other nations continued to train under the security assistance program through April 1980. It also provided USAF rotary-wing pilots' conversion training to fixed-wing aircraft from June 1977 – November 1981. The wing has conducted pilot training and pilot instructor training under the Euro-NATO Joint Pilot Training Program, since October 1981, with participating nations contributing staff and financial support. In January 1994, the 80th began training Euro-NATO pilots in fighter fundamentals, using AT-38 aircraft.
- 80th Fighter Group
- Established as the 80 Pursuit Group (Interceptor) on 13 January 1942
- Activated on 9 February 1942
- Redesignated 80 Fighter Group (Single Engine) on 15 May 1942
- Inactivated on 3 November 1945
- Consolidated with the 80 Flying Training Wing as the 80 Flying Training Wing on 31 January 1984
- 80th Flying Training Wing
- Established as the 80 Flying Training Wing on 23 May 1972
- Activated on 1 January 1973
- Consolidated with the 80 Fighter Group on 31 January 1984
- 80th Operations Group: 2 January 1998 – present
- 88 Pursuit Squadron (later 88 Fighter Squadron, 88 Flying Training Squadron): 9 February 1942 – 3 November 1945; 1 January 1973 – 2 January 1998.
- 89th Pursuit Squadron (later 89 Fighter Squadron, 89 Flying Training Squadron): 9 February 1942 – 3 November 1945; 1 January 1973 – 2 January 1998.
- 90 Pursuit Squadron (later 90 Fighter Squadron, 90 Flying Training Squadron): 9 February 1942 – 3 November 1945; 1 January 1973 – 2 January 1998.
- 459 Fighter Squadron (later 459th Flying Training Squadron: 1 September 1943 – 5 November 1945, 17 April 2009 – present
- Approved 14 October 1942 for the 80th Fighter Group and 2 January 1973 for the 80th Flying Training Wing.
- Kane, Robert B. (March 29, 2010). "Factsheet 80 Flying Training Wing (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on September 27, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Playing Large Part In Burma Fighting Against Japs, The CBI Roundup, Vol. II, No. 32, 20 April 1944
- Kane, Robert (March 16, 2010). "Factsheet 459 Flying Training Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.