80th Street (IND Fulton Street Line)

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80th Street
"A" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
80th Street (IND Fulton Street Line) by David Shankbone.jpg
Station statistics
Address 80th Street & Liberty Avenue
Queens, NY 11417
Borough Queens
Locale Ozone Park
Coordinates 40°40′46″N 73°51′28″W / 40.679434°N 73.857822°W / 40.679434; -73.857822Coordinates: 40°40′46″N 73°51′28″W / 40.679434°N 73.857822°W / 40.679434; -73.857822
Division B (IND, formerly BMT)
Line IND Fulton Street Line
Services       A all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport MTA Bus: Q8
Structure Elevated
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 3 (2 in regular service)
Other information
Opened September 25, 1915; 102 years ago (1915-09-25)[1]
Station code 190[2]
Former/other names 80th Street – Hudson Street
Traffic
Passengers (2016) 1,098,234[3]Decrease 25%
Rank 348 out of 422
Station succession
Next north Grant Avenue: A all times
Grant Avenue (Fulton Street elevated; demolished)
Next south 88th Street: A all times

80th Street (signed as 80th Street – Hudson Street) is a station on the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway. Located on Liberty Avenue at 80th Street in Ozone Park, Queens, it is served by the A train at all times.

History[edit]

Track layout

80th Street, which opened on September 25, 1915, was one of the eight stations along Liberty Avenue in Brooklyn and Queens built for the BMT Fulton Street Line. The first two, Crescent Street and Grant Avenue in Brooklyn, were the last two stations on the line from 1894 to 1915. In 1915, the BMT, under their portion of the Dual Contracts, added the current three-track elevated structure along the Queens section of Liberty Avenue,[1][4] which is now the only remnant of the line. It ran the previous terminus at Grant Avenue to the present Ozone Park – Lefferts Boulevard station, adding six new stations overall.

The connection from this station west (railroad north) to the BMT el was severed on April 26, 1956. To replace that service, the underground IND line was extended east (railroad south) from its previous terminus at Euclid Avenue via a new connecting tunnel and ramp. An intermediate station, also called Grant Avenue, was built along this tunnel, right before the point where the track was then elevated to connect to the remaining sections of the BMT el. This service began on April 29, 1956.[4][5][6]

Station layout[edit]

P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound "A" train toward Inwood – 207th Street (Grant Avenue)
NYCS-bull-trans-S blue.svg (late night shuttle) toward Euclid Avenue (Grant Avenue)
Yard/Layup Track No passenger service; to Pitkin Yard, for Layups
Southbound "A" train toward Far Rockaway or Lefferts Boulevard all except nights, or Rockaway Park PM rush hours (88th Street)
NYCS-bull-trans-S blue.svg (late night shuttle) toward Lefferts Boulevard (88th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, Metrocard vending machines
G Street Level Exit/ Entrance

This elevated station has two side platforms and three tracks, but the center track is not used in revenue service. It is the westernmost (railroad north) station in Queens on the IND Fulton Street Line.

Both platforms have beige windscreens along their entire lengths and brown canopies with green frames and support columns except for a small section at either ends. Platform signs display 80 Street – Hudson Street, which was the original name of this station.

Exits[edit]

This station has two entrances/exits, both of which are elevated station houses beneath the tracks. The full-time one is at the south (geographical east) end of the station. Inside fare control, there is one staircase to each platform, a waiting area that allows a free transfer between directions, and a turnstile bank. Outside fare control, there is a token booth and two street stairs going down to either western corners of the T-intersection of 80th Street and Liberty Avenue.[7]

The station's other entrance/exit at the north (geographical west) end also has one staircase to each platform, a waiting area, and two street stairs going down to either western corners of 77th Street and Liberty Avenue. The station house, however, is unstaffed, containing just two High Entry/Exit Turnstiles. Each staircase landing has an exit-only turnstile to allow passengers to exit the station without having to go through the station house.[7]

Track layout[edit]

The station has three tracks: two "local", stopping tracks and one center track that bypasses the station. Part of the trackways to the BMT el still remain as this line curves south into the tunnel to Grant Avenue west of 80th Street. This segment can be found just east of the intersection of Liberty Avenue and 76th Street, as the newer structure curves south; an older part of the structure, which does not curve, continues for a few feet, with no tracks, on the north side of Liberty Avenue. The line enters the tunnel portal at the Brooklyn–Queens border.[8]

As the tracks curve toward the tunnel, the center track dips to a lower level from the outer tracks and becomes a yard lead into Pitkin Yard.[8]

East of the station, there are switches between the local and "express" tracks. The switches allow trains to bypass 88 St, the next station, and Rockaway Blvd, the following station. However, only Far Rockaway-bound A trains can use this track because there are no switches east of Rockaway Blvd back to the local tracks.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New Elevated Line Opened for Queens" (PDF). The New York Times. September 26, 1915. Retrieved September 28, 2007. 
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2011–2016". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Sparberg, Andrew J. (1 October 2014). From a Nickel to a Token: The Journey from Board of Transportation to MTA. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-6190-1. 
  5. ^ "First Leg of Rockaways Transit Opened at Cost of $10,154,702". nytimes.com. The New York Times. April 30, 1956. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  6. ^ Freeman, Ira Henry (June 28, 1956). "Rockaway Trains to Operate Today". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Woodhaven" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Marrero, Robert (January 1, 2017). "472 Stations, 850 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved October 9, 2015. 

External links[edit]