Metrovagonmash 81-717/81-714

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81-717/714
81-717-714 Novogireyevo depot route 36 (cropped).jpg
Train in Moscow
In service 1977-onward
Manufacturer Metrovagonmash
Built at Metrovagonmash
Vagonmash
Family name 81-...
Replaced E
Constructed 1976-onward
Entered service 1977
Refurbishment 81-717.5/714.5
81-717.5M/714.5M
81-717.6K/714.6K
81-717.6/714.6
Scrapped since 2012 (Moscow and Tashkent)
Capacity 308/330 passengers
Operator(s) Moskovsky Metropoliten
Depot(s)

Moscow Metro:
MPD-1 Severnoye
MPD-2 Sokol
MPD-5 Kaluzhskoye
MPD-7 Zanoskvoretskoye
MPD-8 Varshavskoye
MPD-10 Sviblovo
MPD-13 Cherkizovo
MPD-14 Vladykino
MPD-15 Pechatniki
Kyiv Metro:

  • Darnytsia (Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska line)
  • Obolon (Kurenivsko-Chervonoarmiyska)
  • Kharkivske (Syretsko-Pecherska)

Kharkiv Metro:

  • Moskowske (Holodnogirsko-Zavodska and Oleskiivska lines)
  • Saltivske (Saltivska line)

Warsaw Metro:

  • Kabaty
Line(s) served

Moscow Metro:
 1  Sokolnicheskaya Line
 2  Zamoskvoretskaya Line
 6  Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line
 7  Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line
 9  Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line
 10  Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line
 11  Third Interchange Contour
Kiev Metro:

  • line 1
  • line 2
  • line 3


Warsaw Metro:

  • line 1


Budapest Metro:

  • line 3


Sofia Metro:

  • line 1
  • line 2
Specifications
Car length 19,206 mm (63 ft 18 in)
Width 2,670 mm (8 ft 9 18 in)
Height 3,650 mm (11 ft 11 34 in)
Doors 8 (4 by 2 sides) + 1 driver door in lead car
Maximum speed 90 km/h (56 mph)
Weight 34 t (33 long tons; 37 short tons)/33.5 t (33.0 long tons; 36.9 short tons)
Power output 440 kW (590 hp)
Acceleration 1.2 m/s2 (3.9 ft/s2; 4.3 km/(h·s))
Deceleration 1.1 m/s2 (3.6 ft/s2; 4.0 km/(h·s))
Electric system(s) 750 V
Current collection method underrunning third rail
Track gauge 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) Russian gauge
1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

81-717/714 is a metro car designed for rapid transit systems of the Soviet Union, as well as its satellite states, in the mid-1970s. A number of Eastern European countries use modified variants of these metro cars, such as the various models used in Poland: 81-717.3, 81-714.3, 81-572, 81-573, 81-572.1, 81-573.1, 81-572.2, and 81-573.2. The Prague Metro in the Czech Republic still has units of variant 81-71M in service. Most variants of the 81-71 family are visually almost identical to the 81-717 and 81-714, except for 81-572.2, which has a cabin that resembles the 81-540.2 (another Russian metro car, an improved version of the 81-717 that was first produced in 2006).

These metro trains are still in service in Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Sofia, Warsaw, Budapest, Yerevan and Tbilisi. 81-71Ms are still in service in Prague.

Interior of a 81-717/714 car

External links[edit]