811

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This article is about the year 811. For the number, see 811 (number). For the telephone N11 code, see 8-1-1.
Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 8th century9th century10th century
Decades: 780s  790s  800s  – 810s –  820s  830s  840s
Years: 808 809 810811812 813 814
811 by topic
Politics
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
Establishment and disestablishment categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
811 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 811
DCCCXI
Ab urbe condita 1564
Armenian calendar 260
ԹՎ ՄԿ
Assyrian calendar 5561
Bengali calendar 218
Berber calendar 1761
Buddhist calendar 1355
Burmese calendar 173
Byzantine calendar 6319–6320
Chinese calendar 庚寅(Metal Tiger)
3507 or 3447
    — to —
辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)
3508 or 3448
Coptic calendar 527–528
Discordian calendar 1977
Ethiopian calendar 803–804
Hebrew calendar 4571–4572
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 867–868
 - Shaka Samvat 733–734
 - Kali Yuga 3912–3913
Holocene calendar 10811
Iranian calendar 189–190
Islamic calendar 195–196
Japanese calendar Kōnin 2
(弘仁2年)
Julian calendar 811
DCCCXI
Korean calendar 3144
Minguo calendar 1101 before ROC
民前1101年
Seleucid era 1122/1123 AG
Thai solar calendar 1353–1354
Krum feasts his victory over Nikephoros I

Year 811 (DCCCXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

  • Byzantine–Bulgarian War: Emperor Nikephoros I organises a new campaign against the Bulgarian Empire, gathering a expeditionary force around 80,000 men from all parts of the empire. He is accompanied by high-ranking officials and aristocrats, including his son Stauracius and brother-in-law Michael I Rangabe[1] (both emperors later, for a while). Krum, ruler (khan) of Bulgaria, sends envoys to sue for peace. Nikephoros refuses to accept the terms and marched through the Balkan passes towards Pliska, the Bulgarian capital.
  • July 23 – Nikephoros I reaches Pliska and destroys an Bulgarian army of 12,000 elite soldiers who guards the stronghold. Another hastily assembled relief force of 50,000 soldiers has a similar fate.[2] The Byzantines capture the defenseless capital. Nikephoros plunders the city and captures Krum's treasury.[3] He burns the countryside, slaughters sheep and pigs, as he pursues the retreating Bulgars south-west towards Serdica (modern-day Sofia).[4]
  • July 26Battle of Vărbitsa Pass: Nikephoros I is trapped (probably in the Vărbitsa Pass) and defeated by the Bulgars, who use the tactics of ambush and surprise night attacks to immobilize the Byzantine forces. Nikephoros himself is killed, Krum has the emperor's head carried back in triumph on a pole where it is cleaned out, lined with silver and made into a jeweled skull cup which he allows his Slavic princes (archons) to drink from with him.[5]
  • Stauracius is installed as emperor at Adrianople (first time a Byzantine emperor is crowned outside Constantinople). Because of a sword wound near his neck (during the Battle of Pliska), Stauracius is paralyzed. The imperial court is split between the noble factions of his wife Theophano and his sister Prokopia.[6]
  • October 2 – Michael I is declared emperor of the Byzantine Empire; Stauracius is forced by senior officials to retire to a monastery.[7]

Europe[edit]

Arabian Empire[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anonymus Vaticanus, p. 148
  2. ^ Anonymus Vaticanus, pp. 148-149
  3. ^ Anastasius Bibliothecarius. Chronographia tripertita, p. 329
  4. ^ Anonymus Vaticanus, p. 150
  5. ^ John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, p. 97. ISBN 978-0-472-08149-3
  6. ^ Treadgold, p. 429; Bury, p. 17
  7. ^ Treadgold, p. 429; Finlay, p. 128