8121 Altdorfer

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8121 Altdorfer
Discovery [1]
Discovered by C. J. van Houten
I. van Houten-G.
Tom Gehrels
Discovery site Palomar Obs.
Discovery date 24 September 1960
Designations
MPC designation (8121) Altdorfer
Named after
Albrecht Altdorfer
(Renaissance painter)[2]
2572 P-L · 1972 GR1
1990 SU29
main-belt · Flora[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 54.60 yr (19,942 days)
Aphelion 2.4633 AU
Perihelion 2.0129 AU
2.2381 AU
Eccentricity 0.1006
3.35 yr (1,223 days)
259.90°
0° 17m 39.84s / day
Inclination 2.6838°
9.5259°
113.38°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 2.06 km (calculated)[3]
2.474±0.491 km[4][5]
4.0221±0.0018 h[6]
0.24 (assumed)[3]
0.347±0.129[4][5]
S[3][7]
14.8[4] · 15.0[1] · 15.143±0.006 (R)[6] · 15.56±0.31[7] · 15.59[3]

8121 Altdorfer, provisional designation 2572 P-L, is a stony Flora asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 2 kilometers in diameter. Discovered during the Palomar–Leiden survey in 1960, the asteroid was later named for Renaissance painter Albrecht Altdorfer.

Discovery[edit]

Altdorfer was discovered on 24 September 1960, by Dutch astronomer couple Ingrid and Cornelis van Houten at Leiden, on photographic plates taken by Dutch–American astronomer Tom Gehrels at Palomar Observatory in California, United States.[8] No precoveries were taken, and no identifications were made prior to its official discovery observation.[8]

The survey designation "P-L" stands for Palomar–Leiden, named after the fruitful Palomar–Leiden survey, a collaboration between the Palomar and Leiden Observatory in the 1960s. Gehrels used Palomar's Samuel Oschin telescope (also known as the 48-inch Schmidt Telescope), and shipped the photographic plates to Ingrid and Cornelis van Houten at Leiden Observatory where astrometry was carried out. The trio are credited with the discovery of several thousand minor planets.[9]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Altdorfer is a member of the Flora family, one of the largest groups of stony asteroids in the main-belt. It orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 2.0–2.5 AU once every 3 years and 4 months (1,223 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.10 and an inclination of 3° with respect to the ecliptic.[1]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Altdorfer has been characterized as a common S-type asteroid by Pan-STARRS photometric survey.[7]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Altdorfer measures 2.5 kilometers in diameter and its surface has a high albedo of 0.35,[4][5] while the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes an albedo of 0.24 – derived from the family's principal body and namesake, the asteroid 8 Flora – and calculates a diameter of 2.1 kilometers with an absolute magnitude of 15.59.[3]

Lightcurves[edit]

A rotational lightcurve of Altdorfer was obtained through photometric observations taken at the Palomar Transient Factory in January 2012. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 4.0221 hours with a brightness variation of 0.34 magnitude (U=2).[6]

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named in honour of German Renaissance painter Albrecht Altdorfer (1480–1538). As a member of the Danube school, he was the first to paint landscapes without figures. Altdorfer was also an architect of the city of Regensburg, Germany, after which the minor planet 927 Ratisbona is named, and was also a significant printmaker, with numerous (copper) engravings and woodcuts.[2] The approved naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 2 April 1999 (M.P.C. 34345).[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 8121 Altdorfer (2572 P-L)" (2015-05-01 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (8121) Altdorfer. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 634. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (8121) Altdorfer". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 14 May 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 4 December 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c Waszczak, Adam; Chang, Chan-Kao; Ofek, Eran O.; Laher, Russ; Masci, Frank; Levitan, David; et al. (September 2015). "Asteroid Light Curves from the Palomar Transient Factory Survey: Rotation Periods and Phase Functions from Sparse Photometry". The Astronomical Journal. 150 (3): 35. arXiv:1504.04041Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015AJ....150...75W. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/150/3/75. Retrieved 14 May 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 14 May 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "8121 Altdorfer (2572 P-L)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  9. ^ "Minor Planet Discoverers". Minor Planet Center. 24 April 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016. 
  10. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 14 May 2016. 

External links[edit]