816 Squadron RAN
Unit badge for 816 Squadron
|Branch|| Royal Australian Navy (1948–1967)
Royal Australian Navy (1967–Present)
|Type||Ship-based helicopter squadron|
|Role||Small ship flights|
|Part of||Fleet Air Arm|
|Motto(s)||Imitate the Action of the Tiger|
|Commander M.L. Pavillard|
816 is currently active as a helicopter squadron equipped with MH-60R helicopters. The Squadron is based at HMAS Albatross (NAS Nowra) and primarily operates from the Navy's Adelaide and Anzac class frigates. 816 Squadron provides the fleet with anti-submarine and anti-surface surveillance capabilities.
In 1948 816 Squadron was re-formed as a Royal Australian Navy FAA squadron operating Fairey Firefly aircraft. The Squadron formed part of the 20th Carrier Air Group embarked on HMAS Sydney. In 1952, 816 Squadron participated in the Montebello Islands atomic weapons tests and in 1953 saw service in the Korean War.
Over the following 40 years, 816 squadron was disbanded and re-formed several times as newer aircraft were introduced.
In 1956 with the arrival of HMAS Melbourne, 816 Squadron embarked as part of the 21st Carrier Air Group equipped with Gannet and Sea Venom aircraft. In 1967 the RAN acquired newer aircraft and Melbourne was extensively upgraded to handle the faster and heavier aircraft. 816 Squadron was re-equipped with Grumman S-2E Trackers.
On 5 December 1976, a fire was deliberately lit by a Fleet Air Arm member near the aircraft hangars at HMAS Albatross. The fire destroyed or seriously damaged twelve of the thirteen S-2 Trackers in the RAN's possession. Subsequently, 15 second-hand S2-G Trackers were purchased from the US Government and all remaining serviceable or repairable S2-E Trackers were upgraded to the S-2G standard. 816 Squadron continued to operate S-2Gs until the decommissioning of HMAS Melbourne in 1982, when the Squadron was again disbanded.
From 1984 until 1987, 816 Squadron operated Westland Wessex helicopters in the Army support role.
816 Squadron was re-formed in 1992 to operate Sikorsky Seahawk helicopters. The squadron has embarked helicopters on RAN Adelaide class and Anzac class frigates and has participated in operations including in the Persian Gulf.
The squadron will continue to operate the Seahawk after the retirement of the S-70B-2 model. On 13 December 2012 it was announced that 816 Squadron will transition to the new MH-60R Seahawk, with 725 Squadron being reformed to be the training squadron.
Current RAN Service
- Sikorsky S-70B-2 Seahawk (Anti Submarine Warfare, Anti Shipping, Surveillance & Targeting)
- Fairey Swordfish I (Anti submarine Warfare, Search)
- Fairey Swordfish II (Strike)
- Supermarine Seafire Ib & L.IIc (Strike)
- Grumman Wildcat V (Strike)
- Fairey Barracuda II (Torpedo Bomber)
- Fairey Firefly FR.I (Fighter Reconnaissance)
- Fairey Firefly NF.I (Night Fighter)
Previous RAN Service
- Fairey Firefly FR.4, FR.5 & FR.6 (Attack Reconnaissance)
- Fairey Gannet AS.1 & T.2 (Anti Submarine Warfare)
- de Havilland Sea Venom FAW.53
- Grumman S-2E & S2-G Tracker (Anti Submarine Warfare)
- Westland Wessex HAS 31B (Army Support)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- Lind, Lew (1986) . The Royal Australian Navy – Historic Naval Events Year by Year (2nd ed.). Frenchs Forest, NSW: Reed Books. p. 291. ISBN 0-7301-0071-5. OCLC 16922225.
- Hall, Timothy (1982). HMAS Melbourne. North Sydney, NSW: George Allen & Unwin. p. 19. ISBN 0-86861-284-7. OCLC 9753221.
- Clare, Jason. "Joint Media Release – Capability Update – Air Projects". Minister of Defence Material. Department of Defence. Archived from the original on 8 March 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2012.