82nd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment

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82nd Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry
Flag of New York (1778-1901).svg
Active May 20-June 7, 1861, to June 25, 1864
Country  United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements First Battle of Bull Run
Battle of Ball's Bluff
Battle of Yorktown (1862)
Battle of Fair Oaks
Seven Days' Battles
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Bristoe Station
Mine Run Campaign
Battle of the Wilderness
Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petersburg
Insignia
2nd Division, II Corps IIcorpsbadge2.png

The 82nd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, the "Second Militia," "Second Regiment N. Y. S. Light Infantry," or "State Guards", was an infantry regiment of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Service[edit]

The 2d Regiment Militia failing to be ordered to the front under the first call, organized in New York City as a regiment of volunteers, Col. G. W. B-. Tompkins, under special authority from the War Department; and was mustered in the service of the United States for three years at Washington, D. C, between May 20 and June 17, 1861. Company A was mustered out and consolidated into the other companies' July 15, 1861; a new Company A joined in September, 1861; Company D, the howitzer company of the regiment, served mostly detached from it, until it was finally converted into the 3d Battery of Light Artillery, and, in September, 1861, was replaced by a new company. The regiment was recruited principally in New York City, turned over to the State in September, 1861, and received its numerical volunteer designation December 7, 1861. The men not entitled to be mustered out with the regiment were, May 22, 1864, formed into a battalion of five companies, those of A and C forming Company A; those of B and G forming Company B; those of F and I forming Company C; those of D and H forming Company D, and those of E and K forming Company E, and June 28, 1864, the men of the 42d Infantry, not mustered out with their regiment, were transferred to this battalion, which was finally, July 10, 1864, transferred to the 59th Infantry.

The regiment left the State May 18, 1861; served at and near Washington, D. C., from May 20, 1861; in 2d Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, from July, 1861; in Stone's Brigade, Division Potomac, from August 1, 1861; in Gorman's Brigade, Stone's Division, Army of Potomac, from October 15, 1861; in same, 1st, brigade, 2d Division, 2d Corps, Army of Potomac, from March, 1862.

The regiment was quartered near the capitol until July 3, 1861, when it crossed into Virginia and engaged at Bull Run, with a loss of 60 in killed, wounded and missing. After passing the winter in the defenses of Washington, it moved to the Peninsula with the general advance under McClellan in March, 1862. It participated in the siege of Yorktown; the battle of Fair Oaks; the Seven Days' fighting; was next active in the Maryland campaign and suffered severe losses at Antietam in the advance of Sedgwick's division, upon the Dunker Church. Out of 339 men engaged, 128 were reported killed, wounded or missing. The regiment arrived at Falmouth, Virginia, late in November; participated in the battle of Fredericksburg; returned to its camp at Falmouth; was active at Chancellorsville in May, 1863; after a short rest at Falmouth marched to Gettysburg and there suffered fearful loss, 192 members out of 365 engaged, Col. Huston being numbered among the dead. It next participated in the engagements of the 2nd corps at Auburn and Bristoe Station in the autumn and in the Mine Run campaign, and went into winter quarters at Brandy Station, Virginia (during this time, a soldier or soldiers of the regiment completed a drawing entitled "How are you Fort Sumter” at the Graffiti House). Camp was broken for the Wilderness campaign late in April, 1864, and the regiment was in action constantly until after the first assault on Petersburg, where it lost 1 man killed, 9 wounded and 111 missing. On June 25, 1864, the term of service expired and the original members not reenlisted were mustered out, the remainder of the regiment being consolidated into a battalion of five companies. The regiment was conspicuous for its dash and daring and became famous for its fighting qualities.[1]

Total strength and casualties[edit]

The total enrollment of the regiment was 1,452 members; during its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 5 officers, 129 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 5 officers, 38 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 5 officers, 84 enlisted men; total, 15 officers, 251 enlisted men; aggregate, 266; of whom 24 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.[2]

Commanders[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ New York State Military Museum Unit History Project 82nd Infantry Regiment Civil War Second Militia; Second Regiment N. Y. S. Light Infantry; State Guards
  2. ^ New York State Military Museum Unit History Project 82nd Infantry Regiment Civil War Second Militia; Second Regiment N. Y. S. Light Infantry; State Guards

References[edit]

External links[edit]