|843 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1596|
|Balinese saka calendar||764–765|
|Chinese calendar||壬戌年 (Water Dog)|
3539 or 3479
— to —
癸亥年 (Water Pig)
3540 or 3480
|- Vikram Samvat||899–900|
|- Shaka Samvat||764–765|
|- Kali Yuga||3943–3944|
|Japanese calendar||Jōwa 10|
|Minguo calendar||1069 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1154/1155 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1385–1386|
969 or 588 or −184
— to —
970 or 589 or −183
Year 843 (DCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- August – Treaty of Verdun: The Frankish Empire is divided into three kingdoms, between the three surviving sons of the late emperor Louis the Pious. King Louis the German receives the eastern portion (everything east of the River Rhine), called the Eastern Frankish Realm, which is the precursor to modern-day Germany. Emperor Lothair I receives the central portion (Low Countries, Alsace, Lorraine, Burgundy and the northern half of Italy), called the Central Frankish Realm. King Charles the Bald receives the western portion (everything west of the River Rhône), called the Western Frankish Realm, which later becomes France.
- Battle of Blain: Breton forces under Erispoe, count of Vannes, defeat the Franks led by Renaud d'Herbauges, near the town of Messac, at the River Vilaine. This battle marks a Breton war between Charles the Bald and Nominoe, duke of Brittany.
- Summer – Viking raiders attack Nantes, located on the River Loire; they kill the town's bishop along with many of the clergy, and murder men, women and children. They plunder the western parts of Aquitaine and reach an island north of the mouth of the River Garonne, near what later will be La Rochelle. There the Vikings bring materials from the mainland and build houses to spend the winter.
- King Kenneth MacAlpin (Cináed mac Ailpín) of the Scots also becomes king of the Picts; he is crowned (on the Stone of Destiny) as first monarch of the new nation of Scotland. The Alpin Dynasty of Scottish kings begins to reign.
- Summer – A Byzantine expedition, led by Theoktistos, conquers Crete from the Saracens. After initial success, he is forced to abandon his army, due to political intrigues in Constantinople. The troops are left behind and slaughtered by the Arabs.
- Al-Andalus: The city of Zaragossa rises against the Umayyad Emirate of Córdoba in modern-day Spain.
- In the Chinese capital of Chang'an, a large fire consumes 4,000 homes, warehouses and other buildings in the East Market, yet the rest of the city is at a safe distance from the blaze which is largely quarantined in East Central Chang'an, thanks to the large width of roads in Chang'an that produce fire breaks.
- March 11 – Feast of Orthodoxy – Official end of Iconoclasm: Empress Theodora II restores the veneration of icons in the Orthodox churches in the Byzantine Empire.
- Theodora II orders a persecution against the Paulicians throughout Anatolia; about 100,000 followers in the Byzantine theme of Armenia are massacred.
- Judith of Flanders, queen of Wessex and countess of Flanders (approximate date)
- April 19 – Judith of Bavaria, Frankish empress
- Al-Mada'ini, Muslim scholar and historian (b. 752)
- Ardo Smaragdus, Frankish abbot and hagiographer
- Bridei VI, king of the Picts (Scotland)
- Fergus mac Fothaid, king of Connacht (Ireland)
- Fujiwara no Otsugu, Japanese statesman (b. 773)
- Jia Dao, Chinese poet and Buddhist monk (b. 779)
- Landulf I, gastald (or count) of Capua (Italy)
- Liu Congjian, Chinese governor (jiedushi) (b. 803)
- Qiu Shiliang, Chinese eunuch official
- Renaud d'Herbauges, Frankish nobleman (b. 795)
- ^ Makrypoulias (2000), p. 351.
- ^ Treadgold (1997), p. 447.
- ^ Rucquoi, Adeline (1993). Histoire medieval de la Péninsule ibérique. Paris: Seuil. p. 87. ISBN 2-02-012935-3.
- ^ Merriam-Webster (Jan 2000). Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions, p. 231. ISBN 0-87779-044-2.
- ^ Arpee, Leon (1946). A History of Armenian Christianity. New York: The Armenian Missionary Association of America. p. 107.
- ^ Zimmermann, Wilhelm (1878). A Popular History of Germany: From the Earliest Period to the Present Day. H. J. Johnson. p. 533.