84, Charing Cross Road
84, Charing Cross Road is a 1970 book by Helene Hanff, later made into a stage play, television play, and film, about the twenty-year correspondence between the author and Frank Doel, chief buyer of Marks & Co antiquarian booksellers, located at the eponymous address in London, England.
Hanff was in search of obscure classics and British literature titles that she had been unable to find in New York City when she noticed an ad in the Saturday Review of Literature. She first contacted the shop in 1949, and it fell to Doel to fulfill her requests. In time, a long-distance friendship developed between the two and between Hanff and other staff members, as well, with an exchange of Christmas packages, birthday gifts, and food parcels to compensate for post-World War II food shortages in Britain. Their letters included discussions about topics as diverse as the sermons of John Donne, how to make Yorkshire Pudding, the Brooklyn Dodgers, and the coronation of Elizabeth II.
Hanff postponed visiting her English friends until too late; Doel died in December 1968 from peritonitis from a burst appendix, and the bookshop eventually closed in December 1970. Hanff did finally visit Charing Cross Road and the empty but still-standing shop in the summer of 1971, a trip recorded in her 1973 book The Duchess of Bloomsbury Street. A circular brass plaque on the building that now stands on the shop's former site acknowledges the story.
The building's site today
The five-story building still exists ( where Marks & Co. was located during the novel's action. It has a small, round, gold-coloured plaque mentioning the memoir on a pillar of the outer wall. It housed a music and CD store in the early 1990s, and later other retail outlets. It housed a Med Kitchen restaurant as late as 2009. ) It now houses a McDonald's restaurant.
Partial list of the books that Helene Hanff ordered from Marks & Co. and mentioned in 84 Charing Cross Road (alphabetical order):
- Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice, (1813)
- Arkwright, Francis trans. Memoirs of the Duc de Saint-Simon
- Belloc, Hillaire. Essays.
- Catullus – Loeb Classics
- Chaucer, Geoffrey The Canterbury Tales translated by Hill, published by Longmans 1934)
- Delafield, E.M., Diary of a Provincial Lady
- Dobson, Austen ed.. The Sir Roger De Coverley Papers
- Donne, John Sermons
- Elizabethan Poetry
- Grahame, Kenneth, The Wind in the Willows
- Greek New Testament
- Grolier Bible
- Hazlitt, William. Selected Essays Of William Hazlitt 1778 To 1830, Nonesuch Press edition.
- Horace – Loeb Classics
- Hunt, Leigh. Essays.
- Johnson, Samuel, On Shakespeare, 1908, Intro by Walter Raleigh
- Jonson, Ben. Timber
- Lamb, Charles. Essays of Elia, (1823).
- Landor, Walter Savage. Vol II of The Works and Life of Walter Savage Landor (1876) – Imaginary Conversations
- Latin Anglican New Testament
- Latin Vulgate Bible / Latin Vulgate New Testament
- Latin Vulgate Dictionary
- Leonard, R. M. ed. The Book-Lover's Anthology, (1911).
- Newman, John Henry. Discourses on the Scope and Nature of University Education. Addressed to the Catholics of Dublin- "'Idea of a University" (1852 and 1858)
- Pepys, Samuel. Pepys Diary – 4 Volume Braybrook ed. (1926, revised ed)
- Plato's Four Socratic Dialogues, 1903
- Quiller-Couch, Arthur, The Oxford Book Of English Verse
- Quiller-Couch, Arthur, The Pilgrim's Way
- Quiller-Couch, Arthur, Oxford Book of English Prose
- Sappho – Loeb Classics
- St. John, Christopher Ed. Ellen Terry and Bernard Shaw : A Correspondence / The Shaw – Terry Letters : A Romantic Correspondence
- Sterne, Laurence, The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman, (1759)
- Stevenson, Robert Louis. Virginibus Puerisque
- de Tocqueville, Alexis Journey to America (1831–1832)
- Wyatt, Thomas. Poems of Thomas Wyatt
- Walton, Izaak. The Compleat Angler . J Major's (2nd ed., 1824).
- Walton, Izaak. The Lives of – John Donne – Sir Henry Wotton – Richard Hooker – George Herbert & Robert Sanderson
- Woolf, Virginia, The Common Reader, 1932.
Virginia Browns adapted the story for BBC Radio drama and it was broadcast on Radio 3 15th January 1976, with Margaret Robertson as Helen Hanff and Lyndon Brook as Frank Doel. The play was produced by Christopher Venning.
In 1981, James Roose-Evans adapted it for the stage in a two-character version first produced at the Salisbury Playhouse with Rosemary Leach and David Swift. It transferred to the West End, where it opened to universally ecstatic reviews. A second production at the Playhouse ran from 5–28 February 2015, with Clive Francis and Janie Dee in the lead roles.
Whitemore returned to the project to write the screenplay for the 1987 film adaptation starring Anne Bancroft and Anthony Hopkins. The dramatis personae were expanded to include Hanff's Manhattan friends, the bookshop staff, and Doel's wife Nora, played by Judi Dench. Bancroft won a BAFTA Award as Best Actress; Whitemore and Dench were nominated for Director and Supporting Actress, respectively.
- "A Brief History – Page 2". 84charingcrossroad.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
- 84 Charing Cross Road Programme. The Salisbury Playhouse. 2015.
- New York Times review
- John Plunkett. "X Files star Gillian Anderson to appear in Radio 4 play". the Guardian. Retrieved 20 August 2015.