84th Airlift Flight
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|84th Airlift Flight
Learjet C-21A as flown by the 84th
|Active||1943–1945; 1947–1952; 1952–1957; 1993–2005|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Force Space Command|
|Engagements||European Theater of Operations|
|Decorations||Distinguished Unit Citation|
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation
The 84th Airlift Flight is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 21st Operations Group at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado, where it was inactivated in June 2005.
World War II
Activated in May 1943 under I Troop Carrier Command and equipped with Douglas C-47 Skytrains. Trained in various parts of the eastern United States until the end of 1943. Deployed to England and assigned to IX Troop Carrier Command, Ninth Air Force.
Prepared for the invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe. During the Normandy campaign, the group released gliders over Cherbourg and carried troops, weapons, ammunition, rations, and other supplies for the 82nd Airborne Division in Operation Neptune.
During Operation Market Garden in September 1944, the group released gliders carrying troops and equipment for the airborne attack in the occupied Netherlands. In December 1944, the group re-supplied the 101st Airborne Division in the Bastogne area of Belgium during the Battle of the Bulge. After moving to France in February 1945, the unit released gliders in support of an American crossing of the Rhine River called Operation Varsity in March 1945.
Evacuated wounded personnel to rear-zone hospitals. After V-E Day, the group evacuated prisoners of war and displaced persons to relocation centers. Returned to the United States in August 1945, became a transport squadron for Continental Air Command until inactivation in November 1945.
Air Force reserve and Korean mobilization
Became part of Far East Air Forces in 1951 in Japan. Equipped with Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcars and engaged in combat operations in the Korean Peninsula. Dropped 2nd Ranger Infantry Company (Airborne) troops near Munsan-Ni, inactivated in June 1952 as part of a reorganization of airborne troop carrier units in Japan
Return to reserve status
Returned to reserve status, reactivated at O'Hare International Airport, Illinois in June 1952. Inactivated in November 1957 as a result of the closure of O'Hare to military air traffic.
Operational support airlift
The squadron was redesignated the 84th Airlift Flight and activated at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado to provide operational support airlift, primarily for senior personnel of Air Force Space Command and North American Aerospace Defense Command. It was inactivated in June 2005 and its mission, personnel and Learjet C-21 aircraft were transferred to the 311th Airlift Squadron, which moved to Peterson on paper from Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska.
- Constituted as the 84th Troop Carrier Squadron on 15 April 1943
- Activated on 1 May 1943
- Inactivated on 15 November 1945
- Activated in the reserve on 12 June 1947
- Redesignated 84th Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 27 June 1949
- Ordered into active service on 10 August 1950
- Inactivated on 10 June 1952
- Activated in the reserve on 15 June 1952
- Inactivated on 16 November 1957
- Redesignated 84th Airlift Flight on 29 October 1993
- 437th Troop Carrier Group, 1 May 1943 – 15 November 1945
- Second Air Force, 12 June 1947
- Tenth Air Force, 1 July 1948
- 437th Troop Carrier Group, 27 June 1949 – 10 June 1952
- 437th Troop Carrier Group, 15 June 1952 – 16 November 1957
- 21st Operations Group, 1 November 1993
- 458th Airlift Squadron, 1 Apr 1997 – 15 June 2005
- Douglas C-47 Skytrain, 1943-1945, 1947-1949
- Curtiss C-46 Commando, 1949-1950, 1955-1957
- Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar, 1951-1952
- Learjet C-21, 1993-2005
- Haulman, Daniel (April 16, 2007). "Factsheet 84 Airlift Flight (AFSPC/AMC o/a 16 April 1997)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
- Bailey, Carl E. (December 10, 2007). "Factsheet 311 Airlift Squadron (AMC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
- Golembesky, Michael (May 6, 2014). "311th Airlift Squadron makes final departure from Peterson, Air Force". 21st Space Wing Public Affairs. Retrieved August 4, 2017.
- Station numbwe in Anderson.
- Station number in Johnson.
- Stations through 1993 in Haulman, Factsheet 84 Airlift Flight, except as noted.
- Anderson, Capt. Barry (1985). Army Air Forces Stations: A Guide to the Stations Where U.S. Army Air Forces Personnel Served in the United Kingdom During World War II (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL yes: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 23, 2016. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- Cantwell, Gerald T. (1997). Citizen Airmen: a History of the Air Force Reserve, 1946-1994 (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Air Force History and Museums Program. ISBN 0-16049-269-6. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Johnson, 1st Lt. David C. (1988). U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO) D-Day to V-E Day (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2015. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved December 17, 2016.