84th Flying Training Squadron
|84th Flying Training Squadron |
84th Flying Training Squadron T-6 Texan II
|Active||1942-1945; 1946-1987; 1990-1992; 1998-Present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Education and Training Command
19th Air Force
47th Flying Training Wing
47th Operations Group
|Garrison/HQ||Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas|
Operation Market Garden
Battle of the Bulge
|Decorations||Distinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
|84th Flying Training Squadron emblem|
The 84th Flying Training Squadron (84 FTS) is part of the United States Air Force 47th Flying Training Wing based at Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas. It operates T-6 Texan II aircraft conducting flight training.
World War II
The squadron was activated in 1942, as the 84th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor). Soon after its activation the US Army transferred the squadron to England where it lost a majority of its pilots and planes to the American war effort in North Africa. During the war the 84th flew missions ranging from bomber escort, ground attack, counter-air, and close air support.
In April 1943, the unit was involved in its first combat mission in North Africa. In June 1944, the 84th supported the Allied landings at Normandy and directly contributed to the breakthrough at Saint-Lô in July 1944. In September 1944, the squadron contributed to the Allied victory in the Arnhem-Nijmegen airborne landings; notably, they suppressed numerous ground positions during the airborne assault and were credited with saving scores of American and British troop transports. For this action the 84th received the Distinguished Unit Citation.
In December 1944 the 84th began flying the P-51 Mustang. They used their new plane very successfully and on 10 April destroyed 58 aircraft on the ground earning the 84th its second Distinguished Unit Citation. In April 1945 the 84th flew its last combat mission escorting British bombers on their way to Hitler's "Eagles Nest". The squadron completed three years overseas and was credited with 260 German aircraft destroyed.
Air Defense Command
The 84th served as part of the occupation forces until it transferred to the United States in June 1947, where it eventually assumed an air defense mission. Assigned to Air Defense Command and equipped with P-51 Mustangs assigned to Hamilton AFB, California with a mission for the air defense of San Francisco and the Bay Area. It was upgraded to F-84D Thunderjet jet aircraft in 1949, and equipped with first-generation F-89B Scorpions in 1951.
The Scorpion was difficult to fly, costly to maintain, and was subject to mishaps. The squadron was re-equipped with the F-94C Starfire in 1953 which it flew throughout the balance of the 1950s, acquiring newer F-94Ds in 1956 and the F-94J in 1957.
In 1960 it received the new McDonnell F-101B Voodoo supersonic interceptor, and the F-101F operational and conversion trainer. The two-seat trainer version was equipped with dual controls, but carried the same armament as the F-101B and were fully combat-capable.
On 22 October 1962, before President John F. Kennedy told Americans that missiles were in place in Cuba, the squadron dispersed one third of its force, equipped with nuclear tipped missiles to Kingsley Field at the start of the Cuban Missile Crisis. These planes returned to Hamilton after the crisis. Although the number of ADC interceptor squadrons remained almost constant in the early 1960s, attrition (and the fact that production lines closed in 1961) caused a gradual drop in the number of planes assigned to a squadron, from 24 to typically 18 by 1964. To make up for attrition of F-101s, ADC inactivated the 83d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron at Hamilton. Six of these aircraft were retained at Hamilton and the 84th's strength went from 18 to 24 aircraft
It moved to Castle Air Force Base, California in 1973 as part of the shutdown of Hamilton AFB. It was inactivated in 1981 as the interceptor mission was being transferred to the Air National Guard.
Tactical Air Command
In July 1981 the squadron was redesignated the 84th Fighter Interceptor Training Squadron and received a fleet of T-33s to train in, specializing in electronic counter-countermeasures training. It participated in live flying exercises as targets for various air divisions and for the F-15 Eagles of the 49th Tactical Fighter Wing. The squadron also flew target missions for the weapons controller training program until early 1987 when it was inactivated.
In April 1990 the squadron was resurrected to meet the increased demand for pilots. The 84th was designated a Flying Training Squadron and joined the 85th Flying Training Squadron in training pilots in the T-37 Tweet at Laughlin Air Force Base. Again yielding to changes in pilot production the squadron was inactivated in October 1992. In 1998 pilot production increased again and the 84 FTS was reactivated on 1 October 1998.
- Constituted as the 84th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 13 January 1942
- Activated on 9 February 1942
- Redesignated 84th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) (Twin Engine) on 22 April 1942
- Redesignated 84th Fighter Squadron (Twin Engine) on 15 May 1942
- Redesignated 84th Fighter Squadron on 1 March 1943
- Redesignated 84th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine on 21 August 1944
- Inactivated on 18 October 1945
- Activated on 20 August 1946
- Redesignated 84th Fighter Squadron, Jet on 24 September 1948
- Redesignated 84th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 20 January 1950
- Redesignated 84th Fighter Interceptor Training Squadron on 1 July 1981
- Inactivated on 27 February 1987
- Redesignated 84th Flying Training Squadron on 9 February 1990
- Activated on 2 April 1990
- Inactivated on 1 October 1992
- Activated on 1 October 1998
- Inactivated 24 August 2012
- 78th Pursuit Group (later 78th Fighter Group), 9 February 1942 - 18 October 1945
- 78th Fighter Group (later 78th Fighter-Interceptor Group), 20 August 1946
- 4702d Defense Wing, 6 February 1952
- 28th Air Division, 7 November 1952
- 566th Air Defense Group, 16 February 1953
- 78th Fighter Group, 18 August 1955
- 78th Fighter Wing, 1 February 1961
- 1st Fighter Wing, 31 December 1969
- 26th Air Division, 1 October 1970 - 27 February 1987
- 47th Flying Training Wing, 2 April 1990
- 47th Operations Group, 15 December 1991 - 1 October 1992
- 47th Operations Group, 1 October 1998 - 24 August 2012
- AFHRA 84 FTS Page
- 84 FTS Fact Sheet
- McMullen, Richard F. (1964) “The Fighter Interceptor Force 1962-1964” ADC Historical Study No. 27, Air Defense Command, Ent Air Force Base, CO (Confidential, declassified 22 Mar 2000), pp. 10-12
- NORAD/CONAD Participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis, Historical Reference Paper No. 8, Directorate of Command History Continental Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO , 1 Feb 63 (Top Secret NOFORN declassified 9 March 1996). P. 16
- McMullen, pp. 41, 43-45
- McMullen, p. 42
- Cornett, Lloyd H.; Johnson, Mildred W. (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- McMullen, Richard F. (1964) “The Fighter Interceptor Force 1962-1964” ADC Historical Study No. 27, Air Defense Command, Ent Air Force Base, CO (Confidential, declassified 22 Mar 2000)
- NORAD/CONAD Participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis, Historical Reference Paper No. 8, Directorate of Command History Continental Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, 1 Feb 63 (Top Secret NOFORN declassified 9 March 1996)
- "ADCOM's Fighter Interceptor Squadrons". The Interceptor (January 1979) Aerospace Defense Command, (Volume 21, Number 1)