858 El Djezaïr
|Discovered by||F. Sy|
|Discovery site||Algiers Observatory|
|Discovery date||26 May 1916|
|MPC designation||(858) El Djezaïr|
|Algiers (Arabic name)|
|1916 a · A908 UC
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 31 July 2016 (JD 2457600.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||106.80 yr (39010 days)|
|Aphelion||3.0983 AU (463.50 Gm)|
|Perihelion||2.5252 AU (377.76 Gm)|
|2.8118 AU (420.64 Gm)|
|4.71 yr (1722.1 d)|
|0° 12m 32.544s / day|
|Earth MOID||1.51148 AU (226.114 Gm)|
|Jupiter MOID||1.9171 AU (286.79 Gm)|
|Jupiter Tisserand parameter||3.296|
|22.31 h (0.930 d)|
|Tholen = S|
858 El Djezaïr, provisional designation 1916 a, is a stony asteroid from the asteroid belt, about 24 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on May 26, 1916 by French astronomer Frédéric Sy at the Algiers Observatory in Algeria, North Africa.
The asteroid orbits the Sun at a distance of 2.5–3.1 AU once every 4.71 years (1,722 days). The bright S-type asteroid has a very high geometric albedo of 0.32. Its rotation period has been measured to take 22 hours and 20 minutes. Along with the asteroids 68 Leto and 236 Honoria, it is a member of the Leto family, a small, well-defined group of asteroids, all with a semi-major axis of close to 2.8 AU.
El Djezaïr is the French spelling of the Arabic name for Algiers, the capital of Algeria. It means "the island". The asteroid was the first minor planet to receive a name that consists of more than one word. Its designation, 1916 a, is a superseded version of the modern two-letter code system of provisional designation, implemented just a few years later in 1925.
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 858 El Djezair (1916 a)" (2015-08-17 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (858) El Djezaïr. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 78. ISBN 978-3-540-29925-7. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- Behrend, R. (December 2007). "Asteroids and comets rotation curves—(858) El Djezair, E=2007-12-01". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- Lightcurve plot of 858 El Djezair, Palmer Divide Observatory, B. D. Warner (2005)
- Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB), query form (info)
- Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books
- Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend
- Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (1)-(5000) – Minor Planet Center
- 858 El Djezaïr at the JPL Small-Body Database
|This article about an asteroid native to the asteroid belt is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|