866th Technical Training Squadron
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|866th Technical Training Squadron|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
The 866th Technical Training Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 1st Missile Division, based at Redstone Arsenal. Huntsville, Alabama. It was inactivated on 25 May 1962.
Established in late 1943 as a B-24 Liberator heavy bomb squadron under II Bomber Command at Wendover Field, Utah; later moving to Mountain Home Army Air Field, Idaho to complete its final phase of training. At Mountain Home, the squadron received new very long range B-24J aircraft in early May.
Deployed to Hawaii Territory and assigned to VII Bomber Command. Remained in Hawaii with aircraft undergoing modifications while training for long range flights over the Pacific Ocean. Deployed to Angaur in the Palau Islands in October, flying very long range combat missions against Japanese airfields on Yap and Koror. Conducted strikes on other bypassed enemy installations in the Pacific and against the Japanese in the Philippines. Late in 1944 hit gun emplacements, personnel areas, ant storage depots on Corregidor and Caballo at the entrance to Manila Bay; bombed radio installations and power plants at Japanese bases in the Philippines; and attacked enemy-held airfields, including Clark Field on Luzon. Early in 1945 struck airfields on Mindanao and ammunition and supply dumps in the Davao Gulf and Illana Bay areas.
Moved to Okinawa in June 1945. Engaged primarily in attacks against enemy airfields on Kyūshū until V-J Day. Also participated in incendiary raids, dropped propaganda leaflets over urban areas of Kyūshū and struck airfields in China, in southern Korea, and around the Inland Sea of Japan.
After the war's end in September, the unit remained on Okinawa as older units began to demobilize. The squadron was engaged in transporting personnel and supplies in the Southwest Pacific, and moving necessary occupation support elements from Manila to Tokyo. Began to demobilize in November and December, with personnel returning to the United States; inactivated as a paper unit in the United States on January 4, 1946.
Reactivated by Strategic Air Command in 1958 as Missile Training squadron at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama. Provided training for Italian Air Force personnel in the operation and launching of the PGM-19 Jupiter Intermediate-Range Missie. Inactivated 25 May 1962.
- Constituted 866th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 14 September 1943
- Activated on 1 December 1943
- Inactivated on 6 January 1946
- Redesignated 866th Strategic Missile Squadron on 17 June 1958
- Activated on 1 September 1958
- Redesignated 866th Technical Training Squadron on 1 January 1960
- Inactivated on 25 May 1962.
- 494th Bombardment Group, 1 December 1943 – 4 January 1946
- 704th Strategic Missile Wing, 1 September 1958
- Attached to 1st Missile Division, 1 November 1958
- 1st Missile Division, 1 July 1959 – 25 May 1962
- Wendover Field, Utah, 1 December 1943 – 15 April 1944
- Mountain Home Army Air Field, Idaho, 14 April 1944 – 15 June 1944
- Barking Sands Army Airfield, Hawaii Territory, 15 June 1944 – 30 September 1944
- Angaur Airstrip, Angaur, Palau Islands, 30 September 1944 – 24 June 1945
- Yontan Airfield, Okinawa, 24 June 1945 – 13 December 1945
- Vancouver, Washington, 4–7 January 1946
- Redstone Arsenal. Huntsville, Alabama, 1 September 1958 – 25 May 1962
- B-24 Liberator, 1944–1945
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.